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100 Top Liberty Seated Dime Varieties

Category:  Varieties
Owner:  Gerry Fortin
Last Modified:  11/27/2012
Set Description
For 20+ years, I have researched Liberty Seated Dime varieties culminating with the release of Definitive Resource for Liberty Seated Dime Variety Collectors at This web-book is an important reference for major auction houses and individual collectors. Within the web-book, I defined the Top 100 Liberty Seated Dime varieties as a collecting objective for the variety specialist. The NGC Signature set forum is an excellent opportunity to exhibit this Top 100 set and to facilitate publicity for Top 100 variety collecting. My long term goal is to have the major third party grading services recognize the Top 100 varieties as a formal set for the Liberty Seated Dime series.

Set Goals
A Top 100 Liberty Seated Dime varieties set is defined to give variety collectors a special cross section of the most popular Seated Dime varieties. Since Liberty Seated dimes are still relatively affordable, a specialist can focus not only on a date and mintmark set, but now on a Top 100 variety set. Since being announced in 2004, more than 10 serious collectors are exhibiting their Top 100 sets on the open registry at

Slot Name
Item Description
Full Grade
Owner Comments
View Coin Top 100 #1 1837 Fortin 101c United States 10C 1837 Fortin 101c PCGS MS 65 Large Date, Clashed Obverse and Reverse, obverse pie shaped die cracks with heavily clashed obverse and reverse dies - Significant die clashing has taken place between Obverse 1 and Reverse A. Obverse die clash marks are clearly evident on and around Liberty's upper body. On the reverse, strong die clash marks are visible around DIM(E) and through the ribbon and stem ends. Reverse A will be used again with a Small Date obverse creating F-104.

Plate Coin; The plate coin shows a spectacular strike and example of the shattered and clashed 1837 Large Date obverse variety. A most difficult variety to locate in this state of preservation...probably the finest known based on review of past auction records.
View Coin Top 100 #2 1837 Fortin 103a United States 10C 1837 SM DATE SEATED NGC AU 58 Small Date, Reverse Horizontal Die Crack, reverse die crack from rim through UNIT(E)D and wreath to (ON)E - The date on this obverse die (Obverse 3) is slightly larger than the other Small Date obverse (Obverse 2), probably due to a stronger placement within the die. The date is also higher than Obverse 2, with the 7 digit pointing between two denticles. The reverse has developed a significant die crack starting from the rim at 9:00, through UNIT(E)D, the wreath, (O)NE and ending at DI(ME). This reverse die state also shows considerable erosion around the legend.

Plate Coin; A well struck 1837 Small Date dime with light gold toning on obverse and reverse
View Coin Top 100 #3 1838-O Fortin 101 United States 10C 1838 O PCGS MS 64 1838 New Orleans

Obverse Dies: 1 Known

There are two known die pairings for 1838 New Orleans coinage. Both die pairings employ the same obverse die. The initial 30 specimens of 1838-O dimes were struck on May 7-8, 1838. An additional 367,434 of Ahwash 1 were struck between June and July 1838. The final group (Ahwash 2) was struck in January 1839.

Plate Coin: Fortin 101, Ahwash 1, Repunched O/O, Consistent Medium Golden and Bronze Toning on Obverse and Reverse, Flawless Surfaces, Originally Holdered As ICG65, CoinFacts Plate Coin for 1838-O date.
View Coin Top 100 #4 1838 Fortin 101a United States 10C 1838 Fortin 101a PCGS MS 65 Small Stars on obverse intended for half-dimes, late die state obverse with heavy die crack on left side , doubled die reverse - Early die state Small Star dimes are always found with a die crack through Stars 1 - 6. During the later die states, the die cracks on the Small Stars obverse continue to magnify and progress through the rock and across all digits of the date. The denticles under the date show considerable die erosion. On Reverse A, a significant die crack is evident from the S in STATES, down through OF and across the tops of (AME)RICA. Reverse A is strongly doubled on (O)NE and (D)IME and throughout the wreath.

Plate Coin; Late die state but sharply struck, lustrous and choice
View Coin Top 100 #5 1838 Fortin 103b United States 10C 1838 Fortin 103b PCGS MS 64 Vertically Cracked Reverse, die crack starts at STATE(E) then down through O(N)E and D(I)ME into left bow knot - A vertical die crack completely bisects the reverse from north to south during this late die state. On Obverse 2, the repunching of Stars 8 and 9 is still evident. Minor rim cuds are present on the left side of the obverse. 1838 dimes with this late die state produce a spectacular variety that can be challenging to locate at large coin shows or at auction.

Plate Coin; Lovely gem example with reverse die exhibiting the vertically cracked die variety.
Top 100 #6 1838 Fortin 106 Cracked Obverse #1, die crack starts between Stars 6 and 7, then down through Liberty passing on right side of (1)838
View Coin Top 100 #7 1838 Fortin 108a United States 10C 1838 Fortin 108a PCGS MS 64 Partial Drapery Obverse, obverse die clash below Liberty's right arm, repunched 18 digits, reverse die also strongly clashed - A single 1838 obverse die was clashed during its life resulting in the transfer of reverse wreath details to the area below Libertys right arm. This die clash was first attributed as partial drapery and the designation has remained popular with date and variety collectors.

Plate Coin: A near-gem that boasts copper-gray and light green patina.
View Coin Top 100 #8 1838 Fortin 110a United States 10C 1838 Fortin 110a PCGS XF 45 Cracked Obverse #2, die crack starting at Star 7 proceeding diagonally through Liberty, then to rim below foot - 1838 cracked obverse #2 exhibits a die crack starting from the rim, down through Star 7, Liberty's body and down along the outer right edge of the shield. The die crack curves and exits to the rim directly below Liberty's foot. Reverse G exhibits considerable wear with a weakened die clash mark, the clash resulting from the pairing with the Partial Drapery obverse. Reverse G is again utilized by the Philadelphia mint in 1839 for additional coinage.

Plate Coin: Greer plate coin

View Coin Top 100 #9 1838 Fortin 111a United States 10C 1838 Fortin 111a PCGS AU 58 Cracked Obverse #3, die crack starting at Star 6 proceeding diagonally through Liberty, then to rim below foot - Obverse 7 is the last of the 1838 obverse dies with a bisecting die crack. In this case, the die crack originates at Star 7 and proceeds through Liberty's left shoulder, across her body and left leg and finally exits below her foot to the rim. Star 13 is strongly repunched. Reverse H, in a later die state, shows a die crack starting at the rim above STA(T)ES, through ST(AT)ES and terminating within the upper left wreath. This die state still exhibits die scratches behind the ribbon bow. Reverse H will be used again in 1839 for one final die pairing. I have seen more examples of Obverse 8 with the later die state of Reverse H than without the reverse die crack.

Plate Coin; Greer plate coin

View Coin Top 100 #10 1839 Fortin 105b United States 10C 1839 Fortin 105b PCGS G Pie Shaped Shattered Obverse, three spectacular die cracks meeting in the center of the obverse die - An earlier die crack that originated from the rim below 18 digits, now fully bisects Obverse 2 and exits to the upper rim at Star 7. Another major die crack starts at the rim by Star 13 and proceeds horizontally towards the center of the obverse, intersecting the vertical crack at the upper right point of the shield. Ahwash indicates that his plate coin showed repunching of the 1, 3 and 9 digits in the date. Reverse E remains perfect based on the residual details from this low grade coin, and die alignment is normal.

Plate Coin; One of 6-7 known examples with most being in G-VG grade. I consider this variety to be one of the four key dimes in the Top 100 Seated Dime Variety set. It is excessively rare with the finest known example being the Ahwash and Greer plate coin.

View Coin Top 100 #11 1839-O Fortin 103 United States 10C 1839 O Fortin 103 PCGS XF 45 Small O Obverse/ Large O Reverse, late die state of Large O reverse paired with late die state of Small O obverse die - This variety results from a third pairing of Obverse 1 (Small O) with Reverse 3 (Large O) during their respective late die states. This is a very rare variety with few examples known to date. Inspection of both the obverse and reverse on 1839 Large O specimens will be necessary to locate this most difficult variety. Use a Large O late die state reverse as the primary diagnostic, then inspect the obverse for star positions and die cracks to locate an example of Fortin 103.

Plate Coin; The PCGS grade of EF45 is conservative as this Ahwash plate coin exhibits full AU50 details.

View Coin Top 100 #12 1839-O Fortin 104a United States 10C 1839 O Fortin 104a PCGS GE Repunched Large O mintmark, long horizontal die crack starting at UN(I)TED through left wreath and across DIME - The bold repunching of the Large O mintmark remains clearly visible during the later die state of Reverse C. A significant bisecting horizontal die crack has formed. The die crack starts at the right to the left of UN(I)TED, travels through the I of UNITED, then proceeds through the left wreath and into (DIME).

Plate Coin; Ahwash's plate coin currently residing in PCGS Genuine holder due to surface question.
View Coin Top 100 #13 1839-O Fortin 106a United States 10C 1839 O PCGS MS 64 1839 New Orleans

Mintage: 1,323,000
Obverse Dies: 5 Known

A total of five different obverse dies and six reverse dies have been identified for 1839 New Orleans coinage.

I have found the plate coin obverse and reverse die pair to be the most available example of all 1839-O dimes seen to date. Star 1 on Obverse 3 was punched below the crease in the rock and can be used as the primary diagnostic point. Early die state examples of Obverse 3 are typically seen with either a rim cud at 5:00 or the combination of rim cuds at 1:00 through 4:00 and at 5:00 The Large O mintmark of Reverse D is positioned sharply right and high.

Plate Coin: Fortin 105, Ahwash 4, Large O, Early Die State, Lustrous Silver Example, Super Strike
Top 100 #14 1839-O Fortin 108 Polished Obverse/Huge O Reverse, severely polished obverse die paired with left over Huge O mintmark reverse die from 1838
Top 100 #15 1840 ND Fortin 103 Chin Whiskers Variety, heavy die scratches from Liberty's chin to left shoulder
View Coin Top 100 #16 1840-O Fortin 106 United States 10C 1840 O Fortin F-106 PCGS XF 40 Medium O Mintmark and a die crack dropping downward through STAT(E)S - Only one reverse die was punched with Medium O mintmark for 1840 New Orleans coinage. This die has reverse rims that are usually weak along with the legend. A significant die crack is typically seen from rim through STAT(E)S down into the denomination. Early die state examples can be located with much searching (no die crack). The obverse shows considerable die wear around stars and date. Weak strikes are common with the shield, head and foot being the weakest areas. Given the scarcity of this variety, developing an explanation of the die states of both the obverse and reverse dies is a most challenging undertaking.

Plate Coin; Greer Plate Coin
View Coin Top 100 #17 1841 Fortin 103 United States 10C 1841 NGC MS 63 Repunched 184 Digits, repunching below the base of the 184 digits in the date and a reverse die crack through (S)TATES - 1841 Obverse 3 is easily identified by sharp repunching of the 184 digits. Bold die scratches between the rim and Stars 12 and 13 are secondary diagnostic points for this obverse. Obverse 3 (repunched 184) is 4 to 5 times more available than Obverse 4 (repunched 841). However, only two example of Obverse 3 paired with Reverse C has been seen to date. Obverse 3 is typically seen paired with a progressively rusting die that I have chosen to list as Reverse D. Use the die crack from the rim through the first S in STATES to wreath to identify Variety 103. The obverse die lines between rim and Stars 12 and 13 subside with die wear. 1841 dimes with bold die lines between Stars 12 and 13 and the rim should be checked for pairing with Reverse C, with its die crack at (S)TATES.

View Coin Top 100 #18 1841 Fortin 105 United States 10C 1841 Fortin 105 PCGS MS 60 Repunched 841 Digits, repunching below the base of the 841 digits, obverse is paired with reverse die that is badly rusted - An excessively rusted reverse die (Reverse D, which was paired with Obverse 3 (repunched 184 digits) is now paired with a second obverse die. Interestingly this obverse die also has a repunched date. Obverse 4 exhibits a date that is repunched under the 841 digits. I have not seen Obverse 4 paired with any other reverse dies.
The repunched 841 variety is much more difficult to locate than examples of the repunched 184 variety.

Plate Coin; Grading is quite conservative in PCGS OGH

View Coin Top 100 #19 1841-O Fortin 102 United States 10C 1841-O Fortin 102 PCGS AU 55 Transitional Large O Closed Bud Reverse from 1840 is paired with an 1841 obverse die - 1841 New Orleans Obverse 1 was used to strike both Large and Small O transitional Closed Bud dimes in early 1841. I am not aware of Obverse 1 being paired with Open Bud reverse dies. The obverse has been well struck on the few high grade Closed Bud examples that exist. Reverse A is the left over 1840-O Reverse (A) die which was previously shown to be in a late die state during it usage in 1840. In this final die state, Reverse A is badly cracked with numerous die cracks from the rim to the letters in the legend.

Cherrypicking either an example of the Large or Small O Closed Bud can also be accomplished by studying either the obverse or the reverse dies. Since the same obverse die was only used with the transitional reverses, its date, which is farther left than on any other 1841 obverse, can be an important diagnostic. The differences between an Open and Closed Bud Reverse is obvious in higher grades. In lower grades, one must examine the position of the lower left wreath leaf with respect to (U)NITED.

I consider both the Large and Small O transitional Closed Bud dimes to be key coins in the Major 100 Seated Dime Variety set.

Plate Coin; The plate coin is currently the second finest known example of the 1841-O Large O Closed Bud transitional variety.

View Coin Top 100 #20 1841-O Fortin 101 United States 10C 1841-O Fortin 101 PCGS GE Transitional Small O Closed Bud Reverse from 1840 is paired with the same 1841 obverse die as #19 - Reverse B, with a Small O mintmark, is the second residual Closed Bud reverse die from 1840 used to create an 1841 transitional variety. The last known Reverse B die state was previously documented within the description of the 1840-O Variety 107 listing. When Reverse B is paired with Obverse 1 of 1841, die erosion is pronounced and visible behind (UNIT)ED and AME(RICA). Well circulated examples of this variety can be found with Reverse B showing excessive wear in the center of the reverse due to a die bulge. The 1841-O Small O Closed Bud variety is considered to be an extremely rare transitional variety with nearly all known examples grading Good through Fine.

Both the 1841-O Large and Small O transitional Closed Bud dimes are key coins in the Top 100 Seated Dime Variety set.

Plate Coin; One of the finest known examples of Transitional Small O. PCGS has certified the coin but refused to grade on initial attempt.
View Coin Top 100 #21 1842 Fortin 103a United States 10C 1842 PCGS MS 63 1842 Philadelphia

Mintage: 1,887,500
Obverse Dies: 7 Known

Seven different obverse dies have been identified for 1842 Philadelphia coinage, including the proof die. Segragating 1842 obverse dies is difficult due to minor differences in date position placement.

The 1842 plate coin variety (Ahwash 3) is always seen with a bold rim cud from Star 3 to Star 5. The date digits are heavily punched with the 84 digits touching. A faint die crack joins Stars 7 and 8 with Liberty's head. The reverse die features an abundance of die lines between the right rim and wreath. A large series of parallel die lines originate from the right rim into the letters ERICA of AMERICA. Another significant die line passes through the first S of STATES.

Plate Coin: Fortin 103a, Ahwash 3, Rim Cud at 10:00, Even White and Lustrous Example
View Coin Top 100 #22 1842-O Fortin 102a United States 10C 1842 O Fortin 102a PCGS AU 55 Shattered Reverse Die, Medium O mintmark, major diagnostic is a reverse die crack from rim through STA(TES O)F - The late die state of New Orleans 1842 Reverse B was designated "Shattered Reverse #2" by Brian Greer. A major die crack starts at the rim above the A in STATES and passes through STA(TES O)F. A second die crack starts at the left rim above UNI(T)ED and passes through the tops of UNIT(ED). Another die crack is present from rim through (S)TATES to wreath.

Plate Coin; Even gold toning with excellent display of terminal reverse die state.
View Coin Top 100 #23 1842-O Fortin 103 United States 10C 1842 O Fortin 103 PCGS AU 50 Shattered Reverse Die of 1841, major diagnostics are a very weak reverse legend and die crack through STAT(ES) - 1842-O Reverse C is the left over Reverse D from 1841. 1842-O Reverse C has degraded further with numerous die cracks and considerable weakness in the legend. This reverse could have been polished or lapped considering the reduction in wreath and legend details when compared to the bolder reverse strikes on 1841-O Medium O examples. Many circulated examples are seen with the legend being barely visible outside of the wreath leaves. The position of the die crack through STAT(ES) is the primary diagnostic for this variety.

Plate Coin; Even light gold/brown toning throughout obverse and reverse. Shattered die artifacts are well illustrated on this plate coin.

View Coin Top 100 #24 1842-O Fortin 104a United States 10C 1842 O Fortin 104a PCGS XF 45 Small O Mintmark, obverse has a rim cud from Stars 3 through 6 - Obverse 3 has developed a obvious rim cud from Star 3 to Star 6. A die crack is visible from the rim to Star 4. Small O Reverse D has also significantly degraded with numerous die cracks from rim through letters of the legend to wreath. Most spectacular are the die cracks through A(MERICA). This reverse will be again paired with an 1841 obverse for additional coinage and will continue to show worsening metal fatigue.

Plate Coin; Ahwash plate coin with conservative EF45 grading by PCGS
View Coin Top 100 #25 1843 Fortin 102 United States 10C 1843 Fortin 102 PCGS AU 55 Repunched 1843 Digits, the entire date is strongly repunched on the obverse - All four date digits are strongly repunched downward on this obverse die. Reverse B is perfect at this point in time, but will soon show die cracks as it produces additional coinage. This is a well known variety and previous listed in major pricing guides such as Coin World.

Plate Coin; Greer plate coin and strictly original
View Coin Top 100 #26 1845 Fortin 103 United States 10C 1845 Fortin 103 PCGS AU 58 Repunched 45 Digits, with the 5 digit being tripled punched above and below the flag of the digi - Repunching is visible beneath the cross bar and base of the 4 digit and above/below the flag of the 5 digit. Die chips around Stars 3 through 6. A faint die scratch is visible in the upper shield between shield line 12 and the right edge of the shield. This die scratch will be an important diagnostic for identifying a later die state. Reverse B is essentially perfect except for a faint die crack from rim to AME(R)ICA.

Plate Coin; Strongly struck with excellent variety diagnostics
Top 100 #27 1845 Fortin 107 Repunched 1845 Digits, date punch has a noticeable downward slop
Top 100 #28 1845-O Fortin 102 Huge O Mintmark, mintmark tilts right and has a very thick oval appearance
View Coin Top 100 #29 1847 Fortin 101 United States 10C 1847 PCGS MS 61 Ahwash 1, Eliasberg, Even Gray Toning, Soft Luster
Top 100 #30 1849 Fortin 104 Repunched 8 and 9 Digits, previously designated as an 1849/8 overdate
Top 100 #31 1849-O Fortin 104 Repunched 184 Digits, date repunching is most evident on 18 digits, always with a Small O reverse die
Top 100 #32 1851 Fortin 105 Repunched 851 Digits, early die state repunched date obverse paired with a rusted reverse die
View Coin Top 100 #33 1852 Fortin 105 United States 10C 1852 Fortin 105 PCGS AU 58 Repunched 52 Digits, date repunching with the 2 digit being strongly repunched at the base - This is the third and more common reverse die pairing with the repunched 52 obverse. Reverse E has several key diagnostics that allow quick differentiation from Reverse D and Reverse O. Immediately noticeable is the strong legend. A die line originates from the rim to the right of M and proceeds through (AM)ERICA then to the rim. Several die lines are evident between A(M)ERICA and the rim. A faint die crack is seen at the tops of letters UNIT(ED S)TATES. This die crack will degrade quickly and produce a retained cud during the die's terminal die state. Obverse 4 shows signs of die degradation with a die crack forming at the top of Liberty's head and down through Star 8, the Liberty cap and Star 9.

Plate Coin; Greer plate coin
View Coin Top 100 #34 1853 NA Fortin 101a United States 10C 1853 NO ARROWS NGC MS 64 Ahwash Plate Coin, Light Gray and Deeper Gold Toning Over Lustrous Surfaces
View Coin Top 100 #35 1853 WA Fortin 107 United States 10C 1853 Fortin 107 PCGS AU 55 Repunched 853 Digits, Unhubbed Obverse Die, date repunching is found at the bottom of the 853 date digits - This repunched obverse and pairing with reverse die comes in various die states. Early die state examples will show stronger repunching on the 85 in the date. John McCloskey first published this obverse in the March 1980 issue of the Gobrecht Journal.

Plate Coin; First generation PCGS hold. Bold strike with light brown toning.
Top 100 #36 1853-O Fortin 104a Shattered Obverse Die, major die cracks visible in the base above the 8 digit and to the left of the base near Star 1
Top 100 #37 1854 Fortin 104a Shattered Obverse Die #1, circular die cracks connect all stars to Liberty's head and the date
View Coin Top 100 #38 1854-O Fortin 102 United States 10C 1854 O Fortin 102 PCGS AU 50 Shattered Obverse Die, a dramatic and massive circular die crack through the date and arrows - A rare and highly desireable variety due to a massive die crack that nearly encircles the obverse. Moving clockwise, the die crack begins above Star 7, passes through the top of Liberty's head, through Star 8, the flag, Stars 9 - 13, down through all four digits and arrows in the date and exits to the rim below Star 1. In a late die state, the die crack at the date forms a shelf like boundary between the date area and the rim denticles directly below the date. One must speculate that this die became terminal after striking the plate coin. Surprisingly, this variety comes well struck. Reverse B has a centered Large O mintmark with significant rim cudding.

Plate Coin; Greer plate coin and one of the highest grade examples seen
View Coin Top 100 #39 1854-O Fortin 103 United States 10C 1854 O Fortin 103 PCGS MS 62 Cracked Obverse Die/Oblique Mintmark, cracked obverse die is paired with oblique Large O mintmark reverse die - A second 1854-O obverse that is cracked, but not as severely as Obverse 2. Moving clockwise from Star 1, die crack starts at Star 1 up through Star 7 and into Liberty's head. Another crack exits from Star 8 down through the top of flag and Stars 9 to 13. There is a severe set of die cracks between the left arrow stem and the 1 digit. Reverse C exhibits a Large O mintmark that has been obliquely punched into the die. The reverse die exhibits a die crack starting at the rim and moving diagonally through (OF). There is a diagonal die line behind DI(M)E. This die line starts low and moves upward. The paired shattered obverse die and oblique mintmark reverse is very scarce and difficult to locate though not in demand like Variety 102.

Plate Coin; Pale gold toning augments bold underlying mint frost. Ex. Lemus Collection
Top 100 #40 1855 Fortin 103 Doubled Die Obverse #2, doubling is most obvious on the right side of the outer shield edge
View Coin Top 100 #41 1856 SD Fortin 108 United States 10C 1856 Fortin 108 PCGS MS 63 Doubled Die Obverse East, obverse doubling is most evident within and on the outer shield lines - A significantly doubled obverse die with the entire shield and gown lines above the pendant doubled east. Doubling is also clearly visible on Liberty's pole. The 185 digits are repunched. Repunching can be seen above the flag of the 1 digit, on the upper loop of the 8 digit and above the flag of the 5 digit. Obverse 8 will be subsequently polished with complete loss of the date repunching.

Plate Coin; Well struck with even luster. Obverse is essentially untoned and reverse exhibiting light gold color.
View Coin Top 100 #42 1856 SD Fortin 110 United States 10C 1856 Fortin 110 PCGS MS 64 Doubled Die Obverse North, obverse doubling is most evident above the top of shield - Another significant doubled obverse die with the doubling clearly northward. The doubling is very visible above the top of the shield. The reverse die also shows slight doubling on UNITED. Doubling is visible at the top of each letter. More often than not, this variety will be found with an uneven strike on the obverse.

Plate Coin; Obverse has rose centers turning blue/green at the periphery. Reverse is even rose tone. Well struck for the variety.
Top 100 #43 1856-O Fortin 104 Repunched 56 Digits Up, date repunching is very visible at the base of the 56 digits
View Coin Top 100 #44 1856-O Fortin 105 United States 10C 1856 O Fortin 105 PCGS MS 62 Repunched 56 Digits Down, date repunching is very visible between the base and tops of 56 digits - The final date punch on Obverse 3 has been repunched in a clockwise downward direction over the previous date punch. Significant traces of the previous date digits are visible below the 1 digit and above and within the 56 digits. Die chips are visible around Stars 3 through 6. Obverse 3 is slightly rusted and generally found weakly struck. Reverse A, while in the same late die state as Variety 104a, is paired with Obverse 3 to produce additional coinage. Greer indicates that this variety is difficult to locate in grades above VF. Within the Seated Dimes series, this variety ranks as one of the boldest repunched dates available to collectors.

Plate Coin; This dime is the finest known example to me for the repunched 56 digits down variety.
View Coin Top 100 #45 1857-O Fortin 101 United States 10C 1857 O Fortin 101 PCGS AU 55 Doubled Date and Stars, the cause is suggested to be strike doubling by Fortin - This variety required considerable research to formulate an opinion on the source of the date doubling. Ahwash indicates "The entire date has been doubled struck to the right and very slightly up". Greer presents "Faint repunching shows directly to the left of each final digit". Obverse 1, as presented, exhibits doubling on both the date and the stars. Stars 11 through 13 are strongly doubled north. There are no signs of obverse doubling on Liberty. After finding examples of Obverse 1 that DO NOT show date doubling (Variety 101a), I conclude that the doubling seen on this variety is strike doubling. Reverse A appears to be in a later die state with significant amount of die cracking. At this time, I have been unable to locate an example of this reverse die in an earlier die state. The mintmark position measurements also include tilt to help facilitate comparisons with other 1857 reverse dies.

Plate Coin; Greer plate coin
View Coin Top 100 #46 1859 Fortin 103 United States 10C 1859 NGC MS 65 1859 Philadelphia

Mintage: 430,000
Obverse Dies: 7 Known

A fairly common date in circulated grades contrasted with a relatively low mintage of under 500,000 pieces. Seven obverse dies have been identified for the 1859 Philadelphia date including the popular variety with a misplaced 9 digit in the lower gown. This variety was discovery by Gerry Fortin in 1991 and had been overlooked by Kam Ahwash. Within Ahwash's "Encyclopedia of United States - Liberty Seated Dimes 1837 - 1891", the 1859 misplaced date variety is clearly visible.

Plate Coin: Fortin 103, Extra 9 Digit In Gown, Strictly Original Example With Light Golden Gray Highlights. A PQ Coin for the Assigned Grade.
View Coin Top 100 #47 1860 Fortin 106 United States 10C 1860 PCGS MS 63 Pure White Coin, Much Luster
View Coin Top 100 #48 1861 Type I Obverse Fortin 101 United States 10C 1861 NGC MS 63 Completely White Coin, Type I Obverse
Top 100 #49 1861 Type II Obverse Fortin 105 Heavily Rusted Reverse/Type II Obverse Die
Top 100 #50 1862 Fortin 103 Gouged Reverse Die, large die gouge is found through O(N)E, the letters UN(ITED STATES) are doubled on the obverse
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