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Wildman Coins of the German States

Category:  World Coins
Owner:  World_Coin_Nut
Last Modified:  1/18/2021
Set Description
A few years ago one of the large coin magazines had an article on expanding your collecting interests and mentioned Wildman coins. I found the article interesting but kind of forgot about it until I ran across one on eBay. It had duel importance to me because if was also formerly part of the Eric Newman collection, a numismatist that I greatly admire. Side note: the new Eric Newman biography “Truth Seeker” is well worth reading.

I grew up helping my grandfather with his collection. All of my early numismatic education came from him. His favorite coins were the “V” nickels. He talked frequently about the rare 1913 issue and told me stories about the “No Cents” issue. We would spend hours sorting coins and building Lincoln Cent sets that he gave to family members. He never purchased a coin even though it meant never finding his No Cents Liberty nickel. I filled the whole with a nice uncirculated piece but it looks out of place. All of his coins came out of circulation. His liberty head collection was filled with coins most collectors would consider fillers but they are priceless to me. His collecting habits influenced me greatly. Yes, I purchase coins, but proof and high grade mint state coins don’t do it for me. I appreciate them but I don’t get the same rush as holding a nice 200 year old XF coin in my hand. Think of the tales it could tell.

I was fortunate to inherit his collection when he passed and continued to work on building his sets and only rarely upgraded his coins. In addition, I purchased a small collection belonging to my aunt.

At some point, I decided that it would be a good idea to start a large cent date set. My grandfather didn’t have any in his collection. I am still working on this set but as the holes became increasingly expensive and I was making additions less frequently I got bored.

Due to my love of large cents, I started searching out large diameter copper and bronze world coins which makes up the bulk of my recent new additions. I tend to gravitate towards crude pieces and generally don't mind coins with minor problems.

I still enjoy my US coins, primarily Large Cents, but I am realistic in my expectations for future additions. Recently I have been reading a lot about the 1776 Continental dollars. It is not realistic for me to obtain one but there a number of world coins available from the same year for a very reasonable price. I happen to have a 1776 Wildman coin. My dream coin is a 1793 chain cent but I have the same problem with this coin.

Wildman History

1) Around AD250 the Greeks referred to anybody that wasn’t Greek as being wildmen or uncivilized.
2) Early Middle Ages – one story is about Merlin. After the woman he loved left him, he went into the forest and lived as a Wildman. He would occasionally return to the forest and have no recollection of his civilized life.
3) Later Middle Ages – the medieval Wildman represented a physical type that was definitely human with racial characteristics similar to those of Europeans. Hair covered everything except there face, hands, feet, elbows, and knees. Described as everything from dwarfish to giant in size but always with superhuman strength. They were frequently pictured with an uprooted tree or club.
As European’s migrated to the new world they brought the Wildman myths with them (think Bigfoot).
The mythical Wildman was blamed for unexplained calamities and quirks of nature including missing persons and crop failures. Wildman stories were used to frighten children into obedience. Wildmen were considered to be protectors of the forests and to be feared due to their wild unpredictable nature.

It was believed that if you carried a likeness of the Wildman it would protect you from him. This is a major reason why these coins are typically well worn and often founded mounted in jewelry.
Issuers of wildman coins and medals include various German states, Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Great Britain, Denmark, Finland, Greece including Crete, and Switzerland

So why do most of these coins come from Brunswick?
I have searched and can find no definitive answers but did find two books I brought have what I hope are clues.

References
1) “Wildmen in the Looking Glass – The Mythic Origins of European Otherness” – very dry and an excellent cure for insomnia. Dissects why people felt the need to create the Wildman myths.
2) “The Wildman – Medieval Myth and Symbolism” - Free to download from The Metropolitan Museum of Art or you can purchase a hard copy from other sources for $200+

Neither of these titles are numismatic references although the 2nd title does feature 2 coins on page 162 minted during the reign of Heinrich IX the Younger in Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel. He was considered to be unrestrained, aggressive and destructive. He was rumored to have burned a set fire to and burned an entire town to the ground. His own population referred to as a Wildman. Heinrich had coins minted with his likeness on the obverse and a Wildman on the reverse. Some of these showed the Wildman holding a flame as a not so veiled threat of what he was capable of.
So, did this simply start the trend and they just stayed with it, or was it more of a mascot or was it due to extreme superstition.

Wildman coins have become a hot item with a lot more collectors actively seeking them out. You can typically find a couple of dozen examples listed on eBay. I don’t consider any individual issue common and actual mintage data is typically unknown. These were minted from the 1500s to the early 1800s although the issues from the 1500’s can be scarce in do not come up as frequently for sale. Mint state examples are not found often. These issue are often poorly struck due to the technology of the time.


Set Goals
To assemble a set of Wildman (or Wild Man) coins from the German States that has as many different varieties as I can acquire. I am trying to only add new pieces that are well struck but this is very challenging. This is a fascinating series that I always find new reasons to love.

It's hard to believe that it has been over 4 years since I created this set on the registry. I continue to add coins as I find them but recently I have focused on Thalers. There is an enormous amount of minors available but in general, they don't have the stylistic beauty of the Thalers. No other coins in my collection give me the joy that these Wildmen do.

Slot Name
Origin/Country
Item Description
Full Grade
Owner Comments
Pics
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver 1/4T 1551 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL Welter 411 NGC VF 25 Heinrich the Younger 1514-1568

Obverse: Bust Left
Reverse: Wildman in the center.

If this 3rd edition of SC of German Coins 1501-Present is accurate, the mint may be Riechenberg. Apparently somewhere on that coin should be "stag rampant left holding ingot hook." Or maybe the Goslar mint - some sort of symbol that looks like a necklace (a V shape) with a cactus hanging at the lower part of the V.
View Coin   German States BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL Silver TALER 1577 GERMANY BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-9062 Dav-9062 NGC AU Details Obverse: Helmeted 4-fold arms with wildmen supporters, titles of Julius
Reverse: Wildman walking left holding lit candle in right hand, tree trunk in left, date at top in single legend
Reverse Legend: ALIIS. IN. SERVIENDO. CONSVMOR.

Mint: Goslar
Mint Master: Andreas Küne

Ruler: Julius
Note: Dav.#9062. Light Thaler. Variant with divided year in the transcription.

Composition: Silver
Weight: 28.54 g
View Coin   German States Brunswick - Wolfenbuttel 1675 Silver 24MG 1675 GERMANY BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL 516 NGC AU 58 Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel. Rudolf August 24 Mariengroschen (2/3 Taler) 1675 AU58 NGC. Likely among the finest-encountered of its type, this selection enchants the eye with classic cabinet tone and impeccably-struck design elements--down to the minute details atop the Wildman. Typically the head is not well struck. Scarce in all regards.

Rudolf August ruled from 1666-1704.
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver TALER 1585 HH BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-9064 MB#190 Morris Collection NGC VF 35 Obverse: 6-fold shield of arms, 3 helmets above with 2 wildmen supporters, titles of Julius
Reverse: Wildman facing holding a lit candle in the right hand, tree trunk in left divides date

Ruler: Julius
Note: Dav.#9064. Light Thaler.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver TALER 1587 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-9064 MB#190 NGC AU 50 Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel
Goslar Mint
MB-190, DAV-9064, Welter 578

Lichttaler - Light Thaler

Obverse: 6-fold shield of arms, 3 helmets above, titles of Julius
Reverse: Wildman facing holding lit candle in right hand, tree trunk in left divides date

Ruler: Julius

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1619 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6303 GOSLAR 52.1 NGC MS 62 Obverse: With D.G. in titles
Reverse: Wildman with tree in right hand

Note: Dav.#6303.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS TALER 1637 HS HS BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6337 393.1 NGC AU 58 Obverse: Titles in German, AUGUS: HERTZOB--ZU. BR: UND: L.
Reverse: Wildman with a tree in right hand

Composition: Silver
Ruler: August II

Note: Dav. #6337
Goslar Mint.
Mint Master: Henning Schluter
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1752 IBH BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-2157 WHITE SWAN 940 NGC MS 62 Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel. King Karl Series (1735- 1780).

One Taler 1752. Mining Taler - "White Swan" mine.

D.G. CAROLVS - DVX. BRVNSVIC. - LVNEB. 1752, Arms with Crown ( oval shield on V-shaped base), supported by two Wild Man.

CANDIDVS HAEC PROFERT MONTANVS PRAEMIA CYGNVS, lake with a swan under clouds. Below in 5 lines - DIE GRVBE WEISSER SCHWAN KAM IN AVSBEVT IM Q: LVCIAE 1732 I.B.H.

Davenport 2157, KM 940.
View Coin   German States GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS 2/3T 1705 GERMANY BRUNS.-LUNE.-CALEN.-HANN. KM-15 15 NGC XF 45 Of course, I have a Wildman coin on this list. Not only does it have the provenance of formerly being in the Eric Newman collection the toning is stunning. One of the best looking Wildman coins I have ever seen.

Obverse: Value, date in legend
Obverse Legend: GEORG: LUD: D: G: D: BR: & L: S: R: I: ELECT:
Reverse: Wildman with a tree in right hand, 24 at right
Reverse Legend: IN RECTO DECUS
Ruler: George Ludwig

Formerly part of the Eric Newman Collection


Georg Ludwig von Hessen-Darmstadt, Prinz

Birthdate: April 25, 1669
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany
Death: Died September 13, 1705, in Barcelona, Barcelona, Cataluña, Spain
Cause of death: Died in the Siege of Barcelona
Place of Burial:
Barcelona, Province of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1636 HS HS BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6336 392.2 NGC XF Details Welter 817 Variant with completely scored junior of this very rare type.

Obverse: Helmeted 11-fold arms, titles in Latin
Reverse: Wildman, tree in right hand, date in legend
Obverse Legend: AUGUST' IUNI. D. -G: -DUX…

Note: Dav. #6336a

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1602 O BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6296 18 NGC XF 45 Obverse: Central shield of Halberstadt arms.
Reverse: 11-line inscription

Subject: Death of Heinrich Julius' Mother, Hedwig von Brandenburg
Note: Dav. #6296.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1663 HS HS BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6341 442.1 NGC XF 45 Obverse: Legend reads right to left
Reverse: Wildman

Note: Dav-6341

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1630 HS HS BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6307 52.5 NGC XF 40 Obverse: Legend surrounding coat of arms
Reverse: Inner pearl border and flowers, Wildman within

Note: Dav. #6307.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER (1644) BRUNSWICK-LUNEBURG-CELLE DAV-6486 6486 NGC AU 50 Obverse: Arms
Reverse: Wildman in the center with tree in right hand.

Note: Dav. #6486.
Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1724 EPH EPH BRUNS.-LUNE.-CALEN.-HANN. DAV-2077 134 NGC AU Details ex Henry Christensen

Obverse: Crowned shields in cruciform
Obverse Legend: GEORGIUS - D • G • MAG • BR • - FR • ET • HIB • - REX • FID • D •
Reverse: Wildman with tree in right hand
Reverse Legend: BRUN • & • LUN • DUX • S • R • I • A • R • THES • & EL •

Ruler: George Ludwig
Note: Dav. #2077.

omposition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1745 IBH IBH BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-2163 GOODNESS 920 NGC XF Details Zellerfeld mint, KM920, Dav-2163. A large and illustrative example commemorating the Goodness of the Lord Mine with crowned complex arms and wildmen supporters.

Obverse: Crowned complex arms with wildmen supporters
Obverse Legend: D • G • CAROLVS - DVX • BRVNSVIC • - LVNEB •
Reverse: View of the mines
Reverse Legend: DIE ERDE IST VOLL GVTE DES HERRN
Reverse Inscription: DIE GRVBE / GVTE DES HERRN / KAM IN AVSBEVT / IM Q REM: date / I.B.H.

Subject: Goodness of the Lord Mine
Ruler: Karl I
Note: Mining Thaler

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL Silver TALER 1761 IBH IBH BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-2169 BLESSING OF GOD 969 PCGS MS 67 Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel

1972 AR Restrike Thaler.

Obverse: D.G. CAROLVS • DVX • BRVNSVIC • LVNEB •. Crowned complex oval arms with wildmen supporters
Reverse: AN GOTTES SEGEN IST ALLES GELEGEN; DIE GRVBE / SEGEN GOTTES / KAM IN AVSBEVT / IM Q: CRVC: date / I.A.P. View of the mine.
Edge: 1000 FEIN HARZSILBER.
Weight: 21.63gm

Restrike of 1761-IBH Thaler (KM-969, Davenport 2169). Superbly toned
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1655 HS HS BRUNSWICK-LUNEBURG-CELLE DAV-6518 237 Morris Collection NGC XF 45 Obverse: Shield of arms
Reverse: Wildman tree trunk in the left hand

Note: Dav. #6518

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS TALER 1610 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6285 ZELLERFELD NGC VF 30 Obverse: Helmeted 11-fold arms with a central shield of Halberstadt's arms
Reverse: Wildman, tree trunk in right hand, date in legend

Subject: Heinrich Julius
Ruler: Heinrich Julius
Note: Dav.#6285.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1652 HS HS BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6340 393.3 NGC VF 35 Obverse Legend: AUGUSTUS. HERTZUG…

Note: Dav. #6338, Welter #819
Mint: Zellerfeld

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1715 HH BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-2126 739 NGC XF 40 Obverse: Spanish shield of 11-fold arms, 5 ornate helmets above, date at end of legend
Obverse Legend: D.G. AVGVSTVS. WILHELMVS. DVX. BR. & LVN.
Reverse: Wildman, tree in left hand, legend divided above, mintmaster's initials and symbol at lower left
Reverse Legend: PARTA TVERI.

Ruler: August Wilhelm
Note: Dav. 2126.

Composition: Silver
Weight: 29.0300g
Diameter: 45mm

Zellerfeld mint. Exhibiting especially fine details on the wildman--usually the weakness part of the strike--together with sharp lettering and a faint golden aura.
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1717 HH HH BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-2126 739 NGC XF 45 Obverse: Spanish shield of 11-fold arms, 5 ornate helmets above, date at end of the legend
Obverse Legend: D.G. AVGVSTVS. WILHELMVS. DVX. BR. & LVN.
Reverse: Wildman, a tree in left hand, legend divided above, mintmaster's initials and symbol at lower left
Reverse Legend: PARTA TVERI.

Ruler: August Wilhelm
Note: Dav. 2126.

Composition: Silver
Weight: 29.0300g
Diameter: 45mm
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver TALER 1588 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-9067 DAV 9067 NGC XF 45 Goslar mint, Dav-9067, Welter-581. An average strike with light contact marks. Crowned arms/Wildman roping horse.

Obverse: 6-fold arms, 3 helmets above, titles of Julius
Reverse: Springing horse left, date below, wildman on right holding tree trunk in right hand, skull, hourglass and spectacles in left
Reverse Legend: ALIIS INSERVIENDO: CONSVMOR GOSLARIÆ

Ruler: Julius
Note: Dav.#9067.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver TALER 1596 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-9090 MB# 270 NGC VF Details Obverse: 9-fold arms with central shield, 3 helmets above, wildman at right, titles of Heinrich Julius
Reverse: Date divided around Victory holding wreath flying left above lion passant left, double margin legends

Ruler: Heinrich Julius
Note: Dav.#9090. Falsehood Thaler.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver TALER 1595 D-9088 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL D-9088 NGC VF Details Obverse: Wildman striding left through the landscape, torch in right hand, spear in left, divides date, behind a dog, titles of Heinrich Julius
Reverse: Rays with inscription above the scene of the Last Judgement, all in a circle, surrounded by border of 11 small shields of arms and horse crest at the top

Ruler: Heinrich Julius
Note: Dav.#9088. Rebel Thaler.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1715 HH BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-2126 739 NGC XF Details Obverse: Spanish shield of 11-fold arms, 5 ornate helmets above, date at end of legend
Obverse Legend: D.G. AVGVSTVS. WILHELMVS. DVX. BR. & LVN.
Reverse: Wildman, tree in left hand, legend divided above, mintmaster's initials and symbol at lower left
Reverse Legend: PARTA TVERI.

Ruler: August Wilhelm
Note:  Dav. 2126.

Composition: Silver
Weight: 29.0300g
Diameter: 45mm
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1689 RB BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6393 572.2 NGC AU 58 Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Rudolf August and Anton Ulrich Taler 1689-RB AU58 NGC, Zellerfeld mint, Rudolf Bornemann as mintmaster, KM572.2, Dav-6393. An example of this Wildmen type that is exquisitely struck and deeply toned. The circulation wear is almost non existent on this example and may be more attributable to cabinet friction. The surfaces have a wholly original appearance.

Much more darkly toned than pictures show but with lots of flash underneath.

From the Cape Coral Collection of Multiple Talers

Obverse: Large shield with scalloped base
Obverse Legend: W/V's
Reverse: 2 Wildmen with Twisted trees

Composition: Silver

Heritage - 2016 August 11 ANA World Coins & Ancient Coins Signature Auction - Anaheim #3048 lot 29027

Rudolf August was the eldest son of the Duke August the Younger and Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst.

In 1666 he succeeded his father as Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel . However, Rudolf August devoted himself more to his studies and hunting. He had laid out an extensive library and had been appointed in 1663 by his father for "Jägermeister". According to regulation by him on December 24th, 1660 he gave the Calvördern free the necessary timber and firewood from the Calvörder forestry.

In 1667 a year after he took office he appointed his younger power-conscious brother Anton Ulrich to be governor . Rudolf August withdrew more and more from the government stores which he left to his brother. In 1685 he appointed Anton Ulrich Duke and equal co-regent .

In 1650 he married Countess Christiane Elisabeth von Barby. The couple had three daughters, one of which died before their first birthday. To secure the family Succession agreed the Dukes in 1681 to the marriage of Rudolf August's daughter Christine Sophie with her ​​cousin August Wilhelm, the son of Anton Ulrich. August Wilhelm followed therefore in 1714 his father Anton Ulrich, who had in 1704, assumed the supremacy after the death of Rudolf August.

Rudolf August remarried in the same year a few weeks after the death of his first wife Christiane Elisabeth to the eighteen-year-old Rosine Elisabeth Menthe daughter of a barber and surgeon. They had no children.

Rudolf August died on January 26, 1704 at his hunting lodge in Hedwigsburg, south of Wolfenbuttel.
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1609 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6285 ZELLERFELD 7 NGC XF Details Obverse: Helmeted 11-fold arms with a central shield of Halberstadt's arms
Reverse: Wildman, tree trunk in right hand, date in legend

Subject: Heinrich Julius
Ruler: Heinrich Julius
Note: Dav.#6285.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1622 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6303 52.1 NGC VF Details Obverse: Wildman with a tree in right hand

Note: Dav. #6303

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1623 HS HS HALBERSTADT DAV-6325 39 NGC ALTERED SURFACE Obverse: 5 helmets above 11-fold arms, titles of Christian
Reverse: Wildman, tree trunk in right hand
Reverse Legend: HONESTUM. PRO. PATRIA. ANNO. date HS

Note: Dav.#6324.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1622 HS HS BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6306 52.4 PCGS AU Details Obverse: Coat of arms surrounded by legend.
Reverse: Wildman with tree in right hand. With mintmaster initials HS

Note: Dav. #6306.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   Silver TALER 1591 GERMANY BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-9072 MB# 257 NGC VF Details Goslar mint, Dav-9072. A seldom seen Wildman type with portrait of the Duke.

Obverse: Large armored bust left divides date, titles of Heinrich Julius
Reverse: Smaller 6-fold arms with concave sides, 3 helmets above, wildman with tree trunk in right hand at left

Ruler: Heinrich Julius

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1664 HS BRUNS.-LUNEBURG-CALENBERG DAV-6529 57.2 NGC XF Details Obverse: Wildman holding a tree in both hands. Legend continuous from left to right.

Reverse: Coat of arms

Note: Dav. #6529.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 2/3T 1722 C C BRUNS.-LUNE.-CALEN.-HANN. KM-112.2 112.2 NGC AU 55 Ruler: George Ludwig

Obverse: Wildman with a tree in the right hand

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 2/3T 1693 BRUNS.-LUNEBURG-CALENBERG KM-262.2 262.2 NGC MS 62 Obverse: Stars above date
Reverse: Grass under Wildman

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 2/3T 1740 IBH BRUNS.-LUNE.-CALEN.-HANN. KM-229 860 NGC AU 55 Obverse: Crowned quartered arms, the value below
Reverse: Wildman with a tree in right hand

Ruler: George II August

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - STATES - 2 Silver 24MG 1834 CVC CVC BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL 1124 NGC AU 50 Obverse: Crowned arms flanked by wildmen
Reverse: Denomination, legend, and date

Ruler: Wilhelm

Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.9930
Weight: 13.0800g
ASW: 0.417587731284261oz
View Coin   GERMANY - MINOR COINS Silver 60K 1603 FG ERFURT 5 NGC VF 35 Dav-5256. Designed with a wild-man and wild-women supporting the city arms as well as several instances of the iconic wheel of Mainz (Erfurt having a long history as a branch bishopric of Mainz) that appears so often in the city's coinage. Fully original, each side displays moderate highpoint circulation with an attractive base of gray tone that yields delicate green and gold iridescence around portions of the design. While this issue seems to appear about twice a year at auction in Europe, it appears very rarely in this market.
From the Jamestown Collection

Obverse: Helmeted city arms, wildman and wildwoman as supporters, wheel of Mainz above
Obverse Legend: MON. REIPVBLIC CIVITATIS - ERFFORDI
Reverse: Two angels suspended holding wreath in center in which date, small shield below with "60", legend divided by four small shields of arms
Reverse Inscription: AVF. IEDES. SCHIS. / EN. MEIN. R. DIS IAR / ZV. VORN. 100. 60. 40. / GEBEN. WAR. 29. AVG. & 5. SEPT.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 2/3T 1718 HH HH BRUNS.-LUNE.-CALEN.-HANN. WILDMAN NGC MS 62 Obverse: Crowned shield in cruciform, value at the center
Reverse: Wildman standing with a tree in right hand. HH below.
View Coin   GERMANY - MINOR COINS Silver 12K 1621 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL 267 NGC VF 20 Obverse: a Crowned imperial eagle, 12 on the breast, titles of Ferdinand II
Reverse: Wildman, a tree in right hand

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - MINOR COINS Silver 24MG 1788 C BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL 1022 NGC AU 55 This piece has the appearance of being cleaned at one point. Despite this it is extremely well struck for the type.
Obverse: Date below value in center
Reverse: Wildman with tree in left hand, value at left

Ruler: Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand

Composition: Silver

Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was ruler of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, a statesman and a military leader. His titles are usually shortened to Duke of Brunswick in English-language sources.

He succeeded his father as sovereign prince of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, one of the princely states of the Holy Roman Empire. He was a recognized master of the warfare of the mid-18th century who served as a General Field Marshall of the Kingdom of Prussia. The duke was a cultured and benevolent despot in the model of Frederick the Great, and was married to Princess Augusta, a sister of George III of Great Britain.
View Coin   German States BRUNSWICK-LUNEBURG-CALENBERG-HANNOVER Silver 12MG 1702 GERMANY BRUNS.-LUNE.-CALEN.-HANN. 34 NGC AU 50 I picked this up to compliment my 1705 24 Mariengroschen piece. Even though it has a higher numerical grade the lower grade piece is much more appealing.

Obverse: Value XII… in 3 lines, date in legend
Obverse Legend: * GEORG: LUD: D: G: D: BR: & L: S: R: I: EL:
Reverse: Wildman, a tree in right hand, 12 to right
Reverse Legend: IN RECTO DECUS.

Ruler: George Ludwig

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - MINOR COINS Silver 12MG 1696 HB BRUNS.-LUNEBURG-CALENBERG 377 NGC XF Details Another well-struck coin, especially the face.

Obverse: Value within an inner circle, date in legend
Reverse: Wildman with tree

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 2/3T 1708 HCH BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL 685 PCGS XF 45 Exquisitely struck piece. Little signs of wear but toned very darkly.

Obverse: Value within inner circle, date in legend
Reverse: Wildman with tree held in both hands, value at left

Ruler: Anton Ulrich

Anthony Ulrich was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled over the Wolfenbüttel subdivision of the duchy from 1685 until 1702 jointly with his brother and solely from 1704 until his death.

Composition: Silver

Anthony Ulrich was the second son of Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg; he studied at the University of Helmstedt. After their father's death in 1666, Rudolph Augustus, Anthony Ulrich's elder brother, became reigning duke and made Anthony Ulrich his proxy. Rudolph Augustus had little interest in government affairs and left most decisions to his brother; in 1685, he made Anthony Ulrich a co-regent with equal rights.

After the Hanover subdivision of the duchy had received a new prince elector-ship from the Emperor in 1692, tensions between the two states rose, as both Anthony Ulrich and Rudolph Augustus were dismayed that they had not received the elector-ship. While both Hanover and Lüneburg sided with Emperor Leopold I in the War of the Spanish Succession, Anthony Ulrich decided to enter into an agreement with France. This led to Hanover and Lüneburg invading the Principality of Wolfenbüttel in March 1702; Anthony Ulrich was almost captured while travelling from Wolfenbüttel to Braunschweig. By order of the Emperor, Anthony Ulrich was deposed as duke against his brother's protestations, and Rudolph Augustus remained as the only ruler, while Anthony Ulrich fled to Saxe-Gotha. In April 1702 Rudolph Augustus signed a treaty with Hanover and Lüneburg that Anthony Ulrich later agreed to.

After Rudolph Augustus' death in 1704, Anthony Ulrich took over government again. He continued to settle various disputes with Hanover, until a final agreement between the two sister principalities was reached in 1706.

In 1709, Anthony Ulrich converted to the Roman Catholic Church, but guaranteed to his subjects that this would not influence his government, although he allowed the opening of the first Catholic church in his state. He died at Schloss Salzdahlum, which he had built, in 1714, and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Augustus William.

View Coin   German States GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 2/3T 1776 LCR GERMANY BRUNS.-LUNE.-CALEN.-HANN. 347 NGC XF Details Appears to show signs of doubling.

Obverse: Crowned quartered arms, value below
Reverse: Wildman with tree in right hand, 24 at right

Ruler: George III

Composition: Silver

George III (George William Frederick) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from October 25th, 1760 until the union of the two countries on January 1st, 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, Unlike his two predecessors he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language and never visited Hanover.

His life and with it his reign, which were longer than any other British monarch before him, were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, and places farther afield in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India. Many of Britain's American colonies were soon lost in the American War of Independence. Further wars against revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1793 concluded in the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

In the later part of his life, George III had recurrent mental illness. Although it has since been suggested that he had the blood disease porphyria the cause of his illness remains unknown. After a final relapse in 1810 a regency was established and George III's eldest son George, Prince of Wales ruled as Prince Regent. On George III's death, the Prince Regent succeeded his father as George IV.

View Coin   German States GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS 12MG 1789 C GERMANY BRUNSWICK WOLFENBUTTEL 1217 NGC VF Details This piece is not particularly attractive but it is the only one of this design that I have seen. The Wildman is particularly slight which is much different from the husky version usually seen.

Obverse: Value above legend and date
Reverse: Mint mark in exergue below Wildman

Ruler: Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 1/6T 1791 C BRUNS.-LUNE.-CALEN.-HANN. "NDRF" ADDED 395 NGC AU 58 Obverse: Crowned quartered arms, a value below
Obverse Legend: N.D.R.F. added
Reverse: Wildman with a tree in right hand, 6 at right

Ruler: George III

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - MINOR COINS Silver 4MG 1778 LCR LCR BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL WILDMAN 864 NGC XF 45 Obverse: Value in 4 lines, date in legend
Reverse: Wildman with a tree in the left hand

Ruler: Karl I

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - MINOR COINS Silver 6MG 1705 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL WILDMAN 683 NGC AU 53 Obverse: Value VI. . . in 3 lines, date in legend
Reverse: Wildman holding a tree with both hands, 6 to the left of wildman

Ruler: Anton Ulrich

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - MINOR COINS Silver 6MG 1708 BRUNS.-LUNE.-CALEN.-HANN. 11 NGC VF 35 Obverse: Value, date
Reverse: Wildman, tree in right hand
Ruler: George Ludwig

Composition: Silver
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