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WCN - Pre-1800 World Coins

Category:  World Coins
Owner:  World_Coin_Nut
Last Modified:  2/23/2021
Set Description
I have created a custom set that showcases my primary interest. I have never really been interested in acquiring the best available specimen of a particular piece. I don't get any thrill out of MS70 or PF70 grades. I enjoy nice XF or AU versions. In my opinion it means more for the history of that particular coin, makes me wonder who's hands it has passed through. As you can see there are a number of mint state coins and I can definitely appreciate these for there own reasons. This will include only pre-1800 world coins from as many different locations as possible. I am trying to limit this to my favorite from each location but really I will put in everything that I like.

Set Goals
I started collecting like a lot us have. My grandfather collected coins when I was little and I helped him sort coins. He gave me a Lincoln folder that we filled holes in. It is amazing to me how nice his collection was and he never purchased a coin. Everything came from circulation. Fast forward 40 years and my tastes have evolved.

At this point the bulk of my new acquisitions are world coins. My favorites are large diameter copper/brass/bronze pieces. I think this is due to my love of US large cents. Aside from that, I buy anything that speaks to me, you know the voice. Hope you enjoy it.

At some point, everything will be in only NGC holders but certain details graded coins don't bother me so will stay in the set.

Slot Name
Origin/Country
Item Description
Full Grade
Owner Comments
Pics
View Coin   ANGOLA Copper MACUTA 1785 20 NGC XF 45 BN Portuguese Colony. Maria I & Pedro III Macuta 1785 XF45 Brown NGC. The patina is dark chocolate brown with a tiny bit of gloss on the surfaces with no major dings on the surfaces.

Obverse: Crowned arms
Reverse: Denomination within a laurel wreath

Composition: Copper
View Coin   ANGOLA Silver 2M 1796 35 NGC F 12 Obverse: Crowned arms
Reverse: Denomination within a laurel wreath

Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.9170
Weight: 2.9500g
ASW: 0.0870oz

View Coin   ANGOLA Copper 1/4M 1762 10 NGC XF 45 BN Purchased in March of 2016. Nice surfaces but an average strike on this nice early issue from Angola.

Obverse: Crowned arms on a globe
Obverse Legend: JOSEPHUS I D G REX P ET D GUINE
Reverse: Rosettes and denomination within beaded circle
Reverse Legend: AFRICA PORTUGUEZA

Composition: Copper
View Coin   ANGOLA Silver 10M 1796 36 NGC XF 45 Purchased from Heritage Auctions in March of 2016. Above average quality for this scarce type. Could grade higher in my opinion.

Obverse: Crowned arms
Obverse Legend: MARIA I D G REGINA P ET D GUINEA
Reverse: Denomination within a laurel wreath
Reverse Legend: AFRICA PORTUGUEZA

Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.9170
Weight: 14.5500g
ASW: 0.4289oz

View Coin   AUSTRIA - EMPIRE PART 1 TALER 1764 HALL DAV-1121 M.THERESA NGC AU 55 Obverse: Bust right in a decorated gown
Obverse Legend: M • THERESIA • D: G • R • IMP • GE • HU • BO • REG •
Reverse: A crowned imperial double eagle with crowned arms on the breast
Reverse Legend: ARCHID • AUST • DUX • BU • COM • TYR •

Ruler: Maria Theresa
Note: Dav. #1121

Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.8330
Weight: 28.0600g
View Coin   AUSTRIA - EMPIRE PART 1 6K 1672 IAN GRAZ NGC MS 61 Obverse: Leopold I

Ruler: Leopold I
Note: Varieties exist. Prev. KM#452.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   AUSTRIA - EMPIRE PART 1 Silver 3K 1733 HALL 1606 NGC MS 62 Obverse: Large laureate bust right
Reverse: Crowned imperial eagle, value below, date in legend

Ruler: Karl (Charles) VI

Composition: Silver
View Coin   AUSTRIA - STATES Silver 1/2T 1668 SALZBURG "MAXIMIL" 189 NGC XF 45 Ruler: Maximilian Gandolph

Composition: Silver
View Coin   AZORES Copper 20R 1795 3 NGC AU 58 BN This is as well struck a coin as you will find for this variety. The very obvious 10 Reis host coin really adds to the cool points.

Obverse: Crowned arms within cartouche
Obverse Legend: MARIA.II.DEI.GRATIA

Reverse: Value and date within wreath
Reverse Legend: PORTVGALIE.ET.ALGARBIORUM.REGINA

Note: Overstruck on Portuguese 10 Reis, KM#306

Composition: Copper
View Coin   AZORES 5R 1795 9 NGC F 15 BN Obverse: Arms
Obverse Legend: MARIA I....
Reverse: Value in wreath, legend

Maria I (English: Mary I) (17 December 1734 – 20 March 1816) was Queen of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. Known as Maria the Pious (in Portugal), or Maria the Mad (in Brazil), she was the first undisputed Queen regnant of Portugal. With Napoleon's European conquests, her court, then under the direction of Prince Dom João, the Prince Regent, moved to the then Portuguese colony of Brazil. Later on, Brazil would be elevated from the rank of a colony to that of a Kingdom, with the consequential formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
View Coin   BARBADOS Copper PENNY 1792M COPPER BARBADOS.PENNY Tn-10 NGC XF 40 BN Obverse: Neptune in chariot
Obverse Legend: BARBADOES • PENNY
Reverse: Crowned head left
Reverse Legend: I • SERVE

Composition: Copper
View Coin   COLOMBIA - COLONIAL Gold 8E 1794NR JJ NR 62.1 NGC AU 53 Obverse: Uniformed bust right
Obverse Legend: CAROL . IIII . D . G . HISP . ET IND . R .
Reverse: Crowned arms within Order chain
Reverse Legend: IN . ITROQ . FELIX . AUSPICE . DEO .

Ruler: Charles IV

Composition: Gold
Fineness: 0.8750
Weight: 27.0674g

Charles IV gold 8 Escudos 1794 NR-JJ , Nuevo Reino mint. Antique golden surfaces with trace of red toning.
View Coin   DENMARK 1601-1874 Silver KRONE 1711 CW CW DAV-1290 503 NGC XF 40 Obverse: Horseman to right
Obverse Legend: FRIDERICVS • IIII • D • G • REX • DAN • NOR • ...
Reverse: Small crowned arms in double order chain with divided date below
Reverse Legend: DOMINUS MI HI ADIUTOR •

Ruler: Frederik IV 1699-1730
Note: Dav. #A1290

Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.6710
Weight: 22.2720g
View Coin   FRANCE - PART 3 Gold 1L'OR 1726P P 489.16 NGC XF 40 Louis XV gold Louis d'Or 1726-P XF40 NGC, Dijon mint, KM489.16, Fr-461, Jones-2305. Includes detailed collector and Auction tags.
From the Peter Jones M.D. Collection

Obverse: Draped bust left
Reverse: Crown above arms of France and Navarre

Ruler: Louis XV

Composition: Gold
Fineness: 0.9170
Weight: 8.1580g
AGW: 0.2405oz
View Coin   ITALY - PRE- NAPOLEONIC 10PAO 1776 TUSCANY DAV-1514 24.1 NGC F 12 Obverse: Bust right
Obverse Legend: P L E O P O L D V S D G ....
Reverse: Crowned shield with spikes in order chain
Ruler: Pietro Leopoldo
Note: Dav. #1514.
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.9170
Weight: 27.5000g
ASW: 0.8107oz

Leopold II (German: Peter Leopold Josef Anton Joachim Pius Gotthard; Italian: Pietro Leopoldo Giuseppe Antonio Gioacchino Pio Gottardo; English: Peter Leopold Joseph Anthony Joachim Pius Godehard; 5 May 1747 – 1 March 1792), was Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 to 1792, Archduke of Austria and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790. He was a son of Emperor Francis I and his wife, Empress Maria Theresa, thus the brother of Marie Antoinette. Leopold was a moderate proponent of enlightened absolutism.

Leopold was born in Vienna, the third son, and was at first educated for the priesthood, but the theological studies to which he was forced to apply himself are believed to have influenced him against the Church.

View Coin   FRANCE - PART 2 Silver ECU 1653L DAV-3799 155.10 NGC XF 45 Ruler: Louis XIV

Composition: Silver
View Coin   N.E.INDIES Copper 1/2DUI 1804 N.E.INDIES BATAVIAN REPUBLIC HOLLAND ARMS 75 NGC MS 64 BN Obverse: Inscription, date below
Obverse Inscription: INDIAE / BATAV:
Reverse: Crowned States General arms divide value 5 - 1/32, G. below
Edge Description: Plain

Composition: Copper
Weight: 2.0000g
Diameter: 17.5mm

View Coin   FRANCE - PART 3 Bronze 12D 1792D D - Lyon 600.5 NGC MS 61 BN Obverse: Bust of Louis XVI left
Reverse: Liberty cap above column dividing value, wreath surrounds

Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793), also known as Louis Capet, was King of France from 1774 until his deposition in 1792, although his formal title after 1791 was King of the French. He was executed on the 21st of January 1793. His father, Louis, Dauphin of France, was the son and heir apparent of Louis XV of France. As a result of the Dauphin's death in 1765, Louis succeeded his grandfather in 1774.
View Coin   GREAT BRITAIN 1816-1901 Silver CROWN 1819 LIX 675 NGC AU Details Obverse: Laureate head right
Obverse Legend: GEORGIUS III D: G: BRITANNIARUM REX F: D:
Reverse: St. George slaying dragon right
Reverse Legend: HONI SOIT QUI MAL .Y PENSE.
Edge: LIX

Ruler: George III

Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.9250
Weight: 28.2760g
View Coin   GERMANY - STATES 3 Gold 20M 1871A A PRUSSIA 501 NGC AU 58 Obverse: Head right
Obverse Legend: WILHELM DEUTSCHER KAISER KONIG V. PREUSSEN
Reverse: Crowned imperial eagle
Reverse Legend: DEUTSCHES REICH
Edge Description: Gott Mit Uns

Ruler: Wilhelm I
Mint: Berlin

Composition: Gold
Fineness: 0.9000
Weight: 7.9650g
AGW: 0.2305oz
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER (1635-68) HAMBURG GAED.-1587 ANNUCIATION/NATIVITY GAED.-1587 PCGS AU 55 Obverse: The Annunciation
Obverse Legend: AVE MARIA GRATIA. PLENA. DOMINVS
Reverse: The Nativity
Reverse Legend: PVER NATUS. EST. NOBI E FILIVS. DATVS. EST
Note: Ref. G#1586. Prev. KM#F85.
Composition: Silver
Diameter: 59mm
Weight: 56.5gm

(1635-1668) 2 Thaler, (referred to as a Double Show Thaler or Tauftaler)

The Annunciation, the announcement of Archangel Gabriel to the Blessed Virgin Mary that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus design on the front and John the Baptist, baptizing Jesus Christ with three people watching on the back! Our research tells us that the front has a Latin legend that means "Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with you. Blessed are you among women" and the legend on the back may be German and might mean "Christ receiving his baptism from the leader in the Jordan"


View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 1/16T 1669 SCHLES.-HOLSTEIN-GOTTORP TALL BUST 112 NGC AU 55 Obverse: Tall bust right breaks inner circle at bottom
Reverse: Inscription in 4 lines

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 2/3T 1747 CPS FRIEDBERG 65 NGC AU 50 Obverse: Crowned double-headed eagle with two shields below and one on breast
Reverse: St. George standing on dragon, shields at left and right

Ruler: Johann Eitel II

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver 1/4T 1551 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL Welter 411 NGC VF 25 Heinrich the Younger 1514-1568

Obverse: Bust Left
Reverse: Wildman in the center.

If this 3rd edition of SC of German Coins 1501-Present is accurate, the mint may be Riechenberg. Apparently somewhere on that coin should be "stag rampant left holding ingot hook." Or maybe the Goslar mint - some sort of symbol that looks like a necklace (a V shape) with a cactus hanging at the lower part of the V.
View Coin   Silver TALER 1795 GERMANY FULDA 151 NGC DAV-? AU 58 Obverse: Helmeted 4-fold arms
Obverse Legend: ADALBERTUS D. G. EPIS: ET ABB: FULD: S. R. I. PR:
Reverse: Legend and date within palm and laurel branches, the value below
Reverse Legend: PRO DEO/ET/PATRIA./1795., X/EINE F:/MARCK. below

Ruler: Adalbert III
Note: Dav. #2265

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver TALER 1535 SAXONY-ERNESTINE DAV-9721 MB# 199 NGC XF Details Obverse: Bare-headed bust right in the circle, holding a sword over right shoulder, titles of Johann Friedrich I divided by 4 small shields of arms and begin IOHAN - FRI
Reverse: Bare-headed bearded bust of Georg left in the circle, titles, and date divided by 4 small shields of arms

Ruler: Johann Friedrich I and Georg
Note: Dav. #9721. Varieties exist.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1752 JJJ JJJ LUBECK DAV-2420D 168.50 NGC AU 50 Obverse: A Crowned imperial eagle, large 48 in a circle on the breast, oval shield of mayor's arms in baroque frame below
Obverse Legend: MON • NOVA • IMP • - CIVITAT • LUBECÆ •
Reverse: Small shield of city arms in a symmetrical baroque frame, date at end of the legend
Reverse Legend: 48 • SCHILLING • COURANT • - GELDT • ANNO •

Note: Ref. B-291; Dav. 2420D. Arms of Mayor Heinrich Rust (1750-57).

Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 27.5100g
ASW: 0.663349783786391oz
View Coin   ENGLAND 1600-1707 Silver CROWN 1677 ENGLAND 3RD BUST 435 NGC F 12 Obverse: Third bust (larger and wider) of Charles II right

Ruler: Charles II
Note: Dav. #3776.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1771B PRUSSIA DAV-2586 306.3 NGC AU Details Ruler: Friedrich II
Note: Dav. #2586A.

Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 22.2720g
ASW: 0.537045670101436oz
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 2/3T 1695 HCH BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL 615 NGC AU Details Obverse: Horse leaping left, 2/3 in oval below

Ruler: Anton Ulrich

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GREAT BRITAIN 1707-1815 2P 1797SOHO 619 NGC AU 50 BN Obverse: Laureate head right
Obverse Legend: GEORGIUS III • D : G • REX •
Reverse: Brittania seated left
Reverse Legend: BRITANNIA •

Ruler: George III

Composition: Copper
Diameter: 40mm
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1643 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-6375A 429 PCGS AU 50 Reverse: Sun above city scene

Note: 7th Bell Thaler. Dav. #6375. Varieties exist.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   ENGLAND 1600-1707 Silver 6P 1697 ENGLAND 4916.1 NGC MS 64 Obverse: William III Third bust right
Reverse: Cruciform crowned arms, crown divides date, large crown

Ruler: William III

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver TALER 1539 BRANDENBURG-FRANCONIA DAV-8967 MB# 33 NGC VF 30 Obverse: Two 1/2-length figures facing one another, date above, titles of 2 margraves
Obverse Legend: D: G: GEOR(G) : : & : ALBERT: MARCHIO(N): BR(AN)(D): &: S(L)(E):
Reverse: Floriated cross, small shield of arms in each angle, Brandenburg arms in center
Reverse Legend: SI. DEVS. PRO NOBIS. QVIS. CONTRA. NOS.

Ruler: Georg and Albrecht II
Note: Dav. #8967.

Composition: Silver
Diameter: 40mm
View Coin   Silver TALER 1591 GERMANY BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-9072 MB# 257 NGC VF Details Goslar mint, Dav-9072. A seldom seen Wildman type with portrait of the Duke.

Obverse: Large armored bust left divides date, titles of Heinrich Julius
Reverse: Smaller 6-fold arms with concave sides, 3 helmets above, wildman with tree trunk in right hand at left

Ruler: Heinrich Julius

Composition: Silver
View Coin   DUCAT 1795 GERMANY BAMBERG SILVER OFF METAL STRIKE Pn10 NGC AU 55 Bamberg-Bishopric. Christoph Franz silver Ducat 1795 AU55 NGC, KM-Pn10 (an off-metal strike of the gold Ducat KM147). Well struck, with argent-gray toning over underlying luster. Only slight rubbing is noted.

Obverse: Bust left
Reverse: Figure with shield standing left of crowned stone at right

Subject: Homage of Bamberg
Note: Fr. #174.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver TALER 1547 PFALZ DAV-9626 MB# 135 NGC XF Details Scarce and highly interesting early Taler. Friedrich was known as Friedrich the Wise, yet it is difficult to find anything wise that he did. Neumarkt mint

Obverse: Robed 1/2-length figure of elector turned nearly right holding sword and orb
Obverse Legend: FRIDE: D:G: C: PALA: RHE: BA: DVX. S. R. I. P. F.
Reverse: Ornate helmet above 3 small shields of arms, lower shield divides date
Reverse Legend: MONE: ARGE: SVPE. PALATINA: BAVARIA.

Ruler: Friedrich II
Note: Dav. #9627. Varieties exist.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver TALER 1599 D-9093 BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL 300 NGC XF Details Obverse: 3 small shields of arms in center, 2 above 1, 9 small shields of arms around, titles of Heinrich Julius and date
Reverse: Flying eagle above, seated lion below, 10 wasps flying between from hive at left, all in wreath border

Ruler: Heinrich Julius
Note: Dav.#9092. Wasp Thaler. Varieties exist.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1614 WA SAXE-WEIMAR DAV-7527 Dav#9820 NGC XF Details Obverse: 4 half-figures facing, scrollwork below

Reverse: 4 half-figures facing, Legend and Date below

Ruler: Joint Rule
Note: Dav. 7527.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TO 1600 Silver TALER 1593 HB SAXONY-ALBERTINE DAV-9820 MB#314 NGC XF Details Obverse: 1/2-length facing figures of 3 brothers in circle, head of middle figure divides date, small imperial orb above, titles in legend
Reverse: 13-fold arms with central shield of electoral Saxony breaks legend at bottom
Reverse Legend: FRAT. ET. DV - CES. SAXON

Ruler: Christian II, Johann Georg I and August
Note: Dav. #9820. Varieties exist.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 1/3T 1671 ABK MANSFELD-EISLEBEN 67 NGC XF Details Obverse: St. George on horse right slaying dragon, value 1/3 below
Reverse: Shield of arms divides date above, ABK below

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 2/3T 1766 IDB BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL 973,1 NGC AU Details Obverse: Armored draped bust right
Obverse Legend: CAROLVS D o G o DVX BR o ET o LVN o
Reverse: Horse leaping left, value divides date below
Reverse Legend: NVNQVAM RETRORSVM

Ruler: Karl I
Note: 2/3 Thaler Convention.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 2/3T 1711 HB BRUNS.-LUNE.-CALEN.-HANN. 48 NGC AU Details Obverse: Crowned complex arms
Obverse Legend: GEORG: LUD: D o G o D o BR o & o LUN: S o R o I o ELECT:
Reverse: Horse leaping left, value below
Reverse Legend: IN RECTO DECUS

Ruler: George Ludwig

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1661 MUNSTER DAV-5603 77 NGC AU 53 BISHOPRIC MUNSTER - CHRISTOPHER BERNARD VON GALEN
(1650-19 / 09/1678)
The Bishopric of Munster was founded around 800. From 1186, the bishop became prince of the empire. The first known emissions back to 1025.

Obverse: à Rmo. CELsmo. DD. CHRISTOPH. BERN. EPo. ET PRINCIPE. MONAST. Ao. MDCLXI
nimbate St. Paul holding a sword, in a cloud above a view of the city of Münster. Beside him: S. PAVL [-] PATRON. Below: MONAST. WESTPH / AD: OBED. REDVC / TVM

Reverse: PROTECTOR. MEVS. ET. IN. IPSO. SPERAVI. QVI. SVBDIT. POPVLVM. MEVM. SVB. ME. Psal 143
helmeted arms

Note:  Broad flan. Varieties exist. Dav. #5603.

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - FRAC. TALERS Silver 1/3T 1773B PRUSSIA 303 NGC MS 63 Obverse: Head right
Obverse Legend: FRIDERICUS BORUSSORUM REX
Reverse: Value, date within laurel and palm branches
Reverse Inscription: 3 / EINEN / REICHS / THALER / date / initial

Ruler: Friedrich II
Note:  Reichs 1/3 Thaler.

Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.6660
Weight: 8.3520g
ASW: 0.1788oz
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1715 HH BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL DAV-2126 739 NGC XF Details Obverse: Spanish shield of 11-fold arms, 5 ornate helmets above, date at end of legend
Obverse Legend: D.G. AVGVSTVS. WILHELMVS. DVX. BR. & LVN.
Reverse: Wildman, tree in left hand, legend divided above, mintmaster's initials and symbol at lower left
Reverse Legend: PARTA TVERI.

Ruler: August Wilhelm
Note:  Dav. 2126.

Composition: Silver
Weight: 29.0300g
Diameter: 45mm
View Coin   Silver 4A 1723 GERMANY HESSE-CASSEL 385 NGC XF 45 Obverse: Crowned arms
Reverse: Value, date
Reverse Legend: IV/ALBUS

Ruler: Karl

Composition: Silver
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Copper TALER 1767 G-S-KK BRANDENBURG-ANSBACH DAV-1998 Neumann-6494 PCGS AU Details This is not DAV-1998. NGC does not list this pattern at this time.

Brandenburg-Ansbach. Alexander bronze Taler Coin Weight 1767 AU Details (Tooled) PCGS, Neumann-6494. Reverse has a five line inscription which informs us that this pattern was to be for a coin weighing 2 Loth. In old German a Loth was approximately 16 gm.
View Coin   GERMANY - TALERS Silver TALER 1769 BAVARIA DAV-1953 519.1 NGC VF 25 Obverse: Draped bust to right, head breaks legend at top
Obverse Legend: D G MAX IOS U (-) B (-) D S R I A & EL L L
Reverse: Seated Madonna with Child, upturned crescent moon and clouds below, rays around behind, date at bottom
Reverse Legend: PATRONA - BAVARIAE
Edge Lettering: IN. - DEO. - CONSILIUM.

Ruler: Maximilian III, Josef

Composition: Silver

Diameter: 40-42mm

View Coin   GERMANY - MINOR COINS Silver 24MG 1788 C BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL 1022 NGC AU 55 This piece has the appearance of being cleaned at one point. Despite this it is extremely well struck for the type.
Obverse: Date below value in center
Reverse: Wildman with tree in left hand, value at left

Ruler: Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand

Composition: Silver

Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was ruler of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, a statesman and a military leader. His titles are usually shortened to Duke of Brunswick in English-language sources.

He succeeded his father as sovereign prince of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, one of the princely states of the Holy Roman Empire. He was a recognized master of the warfare of the mid-18th century who served as a General Field Marshall of the Kingdom of Prussia. The duke was a cultured and benevolent despot in the model of Frederick the Great, and was married to Princess Augusta, a sister of George III of Great Britain.
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