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BRUCE THOMAS COLLECTION OF SO-CALLED DOLLARS AND OTHER MEDALS

Category:  Token & Medals
Last Modified:  10/16/2019
  
Set Description
MY SET HAS BEEN VOTED AS THE BEST CUSTOM SET FOR 2018 BY THE NGC REGISTRY AWARDS. I AM VERY PROUD OF THIS ACCOMPLISHMENT, AND THANKS TO NGC FOR THIS HONOR.

SO-CALLED DOLLARS AS LISTED IN THE HIBLER & KAPPEN REFERENCE BOOK, POLITICAL CAMPAIGN MEDALS AS LISTED IN THE DEWITT AND SULLIVAN REFERENCE BOOK, AND A FEW OTHER MEDALS THAT I HAVE PURCHASED AND/OR HAD GRADED BY NGC.

Set Goals
MY SET HAS BEEN VOTED AS THE BEST CUSTOM SET FOR 2018 BY THE NGC REGISTRY AWARDS. I AM VERY PROUD OF THIS ACCOMPLISHMENT, AND THANKS TO NGC FOR THIS HONOR.

COLLECTING THESE MEDALS THAT ARE A PART OF AMERICAN HISTORY IS FUN AND EDUCATIONAL. I ALSO ENJOY THESE BECAUSE MANY OF THESE MEDALS ARE VERY RARE IF NOT UNIQUE. SEE MY HK-11F THAT IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS TO DATE, AND MY HK-293 THAT IS THE FINEST OF ONLY TWO LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS TO DATE AS EXAMPLES. I ALSO HAVE NUMEROUS DEWITT POLITICAL MEDALS AND OTHER MEDALS THAT ARE EITHER 1 OF 1 NGC GRADED OR TOP POPS.

Slot Name
Origin/Country
Item Description
Full Grade
Owner Comments
Pics
View Coin HK-465 MS 65 UNITED STATES CHICAGO, IL 1933 BRASS SC$1 1933 IL HK-465 FORD DOLLAR CENTURY OF PROGRESS HK-465 NGC MS 65
View Coin HK-001 MS 61 PCGS UNITED STATES ERIE, NY 1826 WHITE METAL SC$1 1826 NY HK-1 ERIE CANAL COMPLETION HK-1 PCGS MS 61 ERIE CANAL COMPLETION 1826, NEW YORK CITY, NY. WHITE METAL. ANOTHER MS 61 GRADED BY NGC SOLD FOR $2,880.00 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2018.

Medal issued by Common Council, City of New York; designed by Archibald Robertson; engraved by Charles Cushing Wright with lettering by Richard Trested on dies prepared by William Williams; struck by Maltby Pelletreau.

Erie Canal Commission created 1810 by NY Legislature; DeWitt Clinton, later Governor, served as member 10 years without pay. Ground broken July 4, 1817, at Rome, NY. Over 8 years and $7,000,000 later, Canal stretched 364 miles "straight as the lay of the land would permit" from Hudson River to Lake Erie; 83 locks required for "greatest engineering feat of modern times...costliest, most successful project yet undertaken in the New World."

Originally dubbed "Clinton's Folly" by many, Canal proved one of main factors in our national development by directly opening West to agriculture; reduced freight cost and time, Albany to Buffalo, from $100 per ton and 45 days (by wagon) to $5 and 6 days; passengers paid 5 cents per mile, including 3 meals daily. By 1836, tolls had paid off entire cost; made New York City first seaport in U.S., passing Philadelphia. Now part of NY Barge Canal System, original 40 ft. width and 4 ft. depth have been increased substantially.

Formal opening was Oct. 26, 1825, with vessel Seneca Chief carrying Governor Clinton departing Buffalo; arrived New York City Nov. 4. Long water-parade behind "moved slowly" with banquets, parades, etc. "at every town" en route; climaxed by huge New York celebration early 1826. Fifty-one Gold medals struck; presented to "crowned heads of world and eminent men" including General Lafayette and 3 surviving signers of Declaration of Independence. "Several hundred" pieces struck in Silver and White Metal (pewter); presented to guests and officials.

The Erie Canal lived up to the dreams of its promoters. It opened the west for settlement and commerce. Within a few years it had carried $15 million of commerce. This dollar value represented twice the amount of commerce that had gone down the Mississippi River. Suddenly, it was possible to buy wheat in the Midwest and ship it to New York, where it could be sold to Europe. In 1850, the Erie Railroad was completed. The Erie Railroad become the first railroad to connect the East Coast with the Great Lakes. Until then the Erie Canal was the only way to move goods between the East Coast the Great Lakes and beyond. Even after the Erie railroad was completed the canal remained the least expensive way to move freight. The Erie Canal quickly exceeded its planned capacity, and was enlarged. The enlargement of the Erie Canal was completed in 1862. In 1918, the New York State Barge Canal replaced the Erie Canal. The canal's traffic continued to grow until the early 1950’s, when the air and truck traffic began to seriously impact the traffic on the canal. Today, the Erie canal is used mainly for recreational boaters.
View Coin HK-005 MS 62 BN THICK UNITED STATES NEW YORK, NY 1853 COPPER SC$1 1853 NY HK-5 CRYSTAL PALACE HK-5 Bruce Thomas Collection NGC MS 62 BN (1) MS 63 RB AND (1) MS 64 RB LISTED FINER IN THE NGC CENSUS OF A TOTAL OF ONLY (7) AS OF 7/2019.

THIS EXAMPLE WAS PREVIOUSLY IN THE DONALD ENSLEY COLLECTION FROM MICHIGAN.

A NGC GRADED MS 61 BN EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $1,527.50 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2014. A NGC MS 63 ROTATED DIES ERROR EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $4,560.00 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2018.

CRYSTAL PALACE 1853 NEW YORK CITY, NY

TYPE I--1853 DOLLAR. Engraved by Charles Stubenrauch, formerly a mint engraver in Darmstadt, Germany.

Purpose: To exhibit "industry of all nations for...comparison, competition, instruction and encouragement."

Organization: First "International" exposition held in United States. Following 1851 London Crystal Palace Exhibition, New York group, including Horace Greeley, chartered "The Association for the Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations"; built Crystal Palace at cost of over $600,000. No direct grants from city or state but former did lease ground free for five years from 1852 on condition that (1) building be "chiefly of iron and glass," (2) admission fee not exceed 50 cents. Federal government provided "neither financial support nor official sanction" but charged no duty on goods imported for exhibition purposes, which practice still prevails today.

Site, Dates: South side 42nd Street between 5th and 6th Avenues to west of present New York Library, known as Reservoir Square; now Bryant Park. First exhibition opened July 14, 1853; ran intermittently until Oct. 5, 1858 when building was destroyed by fire.
View Coin HK-006 UNC DETAILS UNITED STATES NEW YORK 1853 WHITE METAL SC$1 1853 NY HK-6 CRYSTAL PALACE HK-6 Bruce Thomas Collection NGC UNC Details CRYSTAL PALACE 1853 NEW YORK CITY, NY.

TYPE I--1853 DOLLAR
Engraved by Charles Stubenrauch, formerly a mint engraver in Darmstadt, Germany.

Purpose: To exhibit "industry of all nations for...comparison, competition, instruction and encouragement."

Organization: First "International" exposition held in United States. Following 1851 London Crystal Palace Exhibition, New York group, including Horace Greeley, chartered "The Association for the Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations"; built Crystal Palace at cost of over $600,000. No direct grants from city or state but former did lease ground free for five years from 1852 on condition that (1) building be "chiefly of iron and glass," (2) admission fee not exceed 50 cents. Federal government provided "neither financial support nor official sanction" but charged no duty on goods imported for exhibition purposes, which practice still prevails today.

Site, Dates: South side 42nd Street between 5th and 6th Avenues to west of present New York Library, known as Reservoir Square; now Bryant Park. First exhibition opened July 14, 1853; ran intermittently until Oct. 5, 1858 when building was destroyed by fire.

THS TYPE 1 MEDAL WAS MADE IN COPPER (HK-5) AND WHITE METAL (HK-6). THERE ARE ONLY A TOTAL OF (16) OF THIS WHITE METAL TYPE GIVEN A FULL NUMBER GRADE PER NGC'S CENSUS AS OF 9/2019, WITH (3) MS 60'S, (6) MS 62'S, AND (1) MS 62 PL BEING THE ONLY UNC'S.

A MS 60 EXAMPLE OF THIS TYPE WAS SOLD BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2016 FOR $1,292.50.
View Coin HK-007A UNC DETAILS UNITED STATES NEW YORK, NY 1853 WHITE METAL SC$1 1853 NY HK-7A INDUSTRY-ALL NATIONS CRYSTAL PALACE HK-7A NGC UNC Details THERE ARE (1) MS 60 AND (1) MS 62 PL OF THIS TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 9/2019. THERE HAVE BEEN NONE OF THIS TYPE SOLD BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS OR STACKS BOWERS AUCTIONS IN THE PAST. VERY RARE!!!

THIS EXAMPLE WAS PREVIOUSLY IN THE DONALD ENSLEY COLLECTION FROM MICHIGAN.

THIS EXAMPLE HAS BEEN GIVEN AN UNC DETAILS GRADE DUE TO THE SMALL INDENTION AT 12 O'CLOCK ON THE OBVERSE ABOVE THE LETTER "A" IN CRYSTAL. OTHER THAN THAT, THIS MEDAL WOULD GRADE A LOW 60'S UNCIRCULATED IN MY OPINION. VERY SLIGHT DAMAGE, I DO NOT FEEL THAT THIS ALONE WARRANTS A DETAILS GRADE ON THIS VERY RARE SO-CALLED DOLLAR TYPE!!

CRYSTAL PALACE 1853 NEW YORK CITY, NY. TYPE IIa--Industry - All Nations Dollar, Engraved by George Hampden Lovett.

Purpose: To exhibit "industry of all nations for...comparison, competition, instruction and encouragement."

Organization: First "International" exposition held in United States. Following 1851 London Crystal Palace Exhibition, New York group, including Horace Greeley, chartered "The Association for the Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations"; built Crystal Palace at cost of over $600,000. No direct grants from city or state but former did lease ground free for five years from 1852 on condition that (1) building be "chiefly of iron and glass," (2) admission fee not exceed 50 cents. Federal government provided "neither financial support nor official sanction" but charged no duty on goods imported for exhibition purposes, which practice still prevails today.

Site, Dates: South side 42nd Street between 5th and 6th Avenues to west of present New York Library, known as Reservoir Square; now Bryant Park. First exhibition opened July 14, 1853; ran intermittently until Oct. 5, 1858 when building was destroyed by fire.
View Coin HK-008 MS 62 UNITED STATES NEW YORK, NY 1854 WHITE METAL SC$1 1854 NY HK-8 CRYSTAL PALACE HK-8 NGC MS 62 CRYSTAL PALACE 1853, NEW YORK CITY, NY TYPE III- 1854 DOLLAR

Manufactured by Pinches of London, these medals are actually British and should not have been included even in the 1963 edition of this reference. Originally opened as part of The Great Exhibition of 1851, the Crystal Palace was moved after the close of the Exhibition from its original location in Hyde Park; reopened on Sydenham Hill in London by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert on June 10, 1854. Original building destroyed by fire on Nov. 30, 1936; site of current Crystal Palace Park.

Purpose: To exhibit "industry of all nations for...comparison, competition, instruction and encouragement.

Medals: All issues proved difficult to research. Types I and III, at least, probably were of official nature, perhaps sold within Palace during exhibitions. Today, all four medals are extremely rare.

ONLY 9 FINER OF THE 63 LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 5/2019. APPEARS FINER THAN 62 TO ME, I MIGHT SEND IN FOR REGRADING IN THE FUTURE.
View Coin HK-009 MS 65 BN PCGS UNITED STATES 1860 COPPER SC$1 1860 HK-9 HEENAN-SAYERS BOXING HEAVYWEIGHT CHAMPIONSHIP HK-9 PCGS MS 65 Brown THIS EXAMPLE IS THE TOP POP OF ONLY (2) LISTED IN THE PCGS CENSUS AS OF 10/2019. (1) MS 65 BN IS TOP POP IN THE NGC CENSUS AS WELL.

A choice problem-free example with appealing silky surfaces and uniform chocolate brown patina on both sides. This was indeed a "great fight," with bare-knuckles, lasting 42 rounds and ending in a draw.

HEENAN-SAYERS BOXING BOUT 1860 WORLD'S HEAVYWEIGHT CHAMPIONSHIP.

These medals commemorate one of famous bare-knuckle heavyweight championship bouts. John C. Heenan, born Troy, NY, moved to California; called Benicia Boy, won first clear claim to American title. He journeyed to England, there met world champion Tom Sayers. Latter born Brighton, England; bricklayer by trade; won championship 1857. Heenan-Sayers fought at Farnborough, April 17; called "most famous" in English prize ring history; lasted over 2 hours; ended in 42-round "draw" when crowd swarmed ring following injury to Sayers' arm. Latter then retired permanently from boxing.

Professional pugilism lacked all law and order until 1743 when Jack Broughton, one of early English champions, compiled set of rules; these superseded by London Prize Ring Rules of 1838; "bare-knuckles" still used. In 1866, 8th Marquis of Queensbury published Queensbury Rules calling for gloved contests. Acceptance by professionals took years or until 1892 when John L. Sullivan lost world heavyweight title to James J. Corbett at New Orleans. Since latter date, Queensbury Rules are basic in boxing.

While this contest itself was held in England, medals were struck here by Smith and Hartmann, New York City, following Heenan's return to United States.
View Coin HK-011 UNC DETAILS UNITED STATES SOUTH CAROLINA 1861 WHITE METAL SC$1 1861 SC HK-11 BOMBARDMENT OF FT SUMTER HK-11 NGC UNC Details BOMBARDMENT OF FORT SUMTER 1861 CHARLESTON, SC TYPE 1 WHITE METAL

Extensive research fails to establish origin of these medals which obviously commemorate initial engagement of Civil War.

Following 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln as United States President, South Carolina was first state to secede from Union on Dec. 20, 1860. Bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor was first clash of armed forces of North and South.

Defended by a Federal force of 75 men under Major Robert Anderson from April 12 to 14, 1861, against Brigadier Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard and 8,000 Confederates, Fort was surrendered finally with no casualties to either side.

Although unsigned, these medals appear to have been engraved by George Hampden Lovett. The reverse of the Type II medal is also found paired with several other obverse dies as political or campaign medals.

IT IS A SHAME THAT SOMEONE APPARENTLY MADE A JEWELRY ITEM OUT OF THIS MEDAL. PINCHED AT 3:30 AND 8:30 ON THE OBVERSE, OTHERWISE IT WOULD BE A FAIRLY HIGH GRADE UNC. AND PROBABLY PROOFLIKE, ESPECIALLY ON THE REVERSE. THERE ARE ONLY (10) OF THIS TYPE GIVEN A FULL GRADE PER THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 5/2019. DIES FOR THIS MEDAL BY GEORGE H LOVETT.

A MS 61 EXAMPLE OF THIS MEDAL SOLD FOR $705.00 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2014. A MS61 SOLD FOR $1,150.00 IN OSTHEIMER AUCTION IN 2011.
View Coin HK-011C MS 65 RB UNITED STATES SOUTH CAROLINA 1861 COPPER SC$1 1861 SC HK-11C BOMBARDMENT OF FT SUMTER HK-11C OSTHEIMER COLLECTION NGC MS 65 RB TIED FOR TOP POP IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 8/2019.

THIS EXAMPLE IS FROM THE FAMOUS OSTHEIMER COLLECTION. I PURCHASED THIS MEDAL FROM JEFF SHEVLIN, THANKS JEFF. THIS EXACT MEDAL SOLD FOR $3,700.00 IN THE OSTHEIMER SEALED BID AUCTION IN 2011. DIES FOR THIS MEDAL BY GEORGE H LOVETT. A MS 64 RB EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $3,055.00 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2016.

BOMBARDMENT OF FORT SUMTER 1861 CHARLESTON, SC

Extensive research fails to establish origin of these medals which obviously commemorate initial engagement of Civil War.

Following 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln as United States President, South Carolina was first state to secede from Union on Dec. 20, 1860. Bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor was first clash of armed forces of North and South.

Defended by a Federal force of 75 men under Major Robert Anderson from April 12 to 14, 1861, against Brigadier Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard and 8,000 Confederates, Fort was surrendered finally with no casualties to either side.

Although unsigned, these medals appear to have been engraved by George Hampden Lovett. The reverse of the Type II medal is also found paired with several other obverse dies as political or campaign medals.
View Coin HK-011E MS 65 RB UNITED STATES CHARLESTON, SC 1861 COPPER SC$1 1861 SC HK-11E BOMBARDMENT OF FT SUMTER HK-11E Bruce Thomas Collection NGC MS 65 RB BOMBARDMENT OF FORT SUMTER 1861, CHARLESTON, SC TYPE II EAGLE REVERSE.

THIS IS THE TOP POP OF ONLY (2) OF THIS TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 7/2019. I PREVIOUSLY OWNED THE MS 64 BN EXAMPLE ALSO, BUT I SOLD IT TO JEFF SHEVLIN A COUPLE YEARS AGO.

THIS EXAMPLE WAS PREVIOUSLY IN THE DONALD ENSLEY COLLECTION FROM MICHIGAN.

MY FATHER-IN-LAW'S FAMILY ARE FROM SUMTER, SC, SO THIS MEDAL IS VERY SPECIAL TO ME AND APPARENTLY EXTREMELY RARE.

JEFF SHEVLIN TELLS ME THAT OF THE (6) VARIETIES OF THESE "BOMBARDMENT" MEDALS, THE MS 64 BN EXAMPLE WAS THE ONLY HK-11E THAT HE HAD EVER SEEN, RAW OR GRADED. IF JEFF HAS NOT SEEN THIS TYPE, IT MUST BE VERY RARE. DIES FOR THIS MEDAL BY GEORGE H LOVETT.

Extensive research fails to establish origin of these medals which obviously commemorate initial engagement of Civil War.

Following 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln as United States President, South Carolina was first state to secede from Union on Dec. 20, 1860. Bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor was first clash of armed forces of North and South.

Defended by a Federal force of 75 men under Major Robert Anderson from April 12 to 14, 1861, against Brigadier Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard and 8,000 Confederates, Fort was surrendered finally with no casualties to either side.

Although unsigned, these medals appear to have been engraved by George Hampden Lovett. The reverse of the Type II medal is also found paired with several other obverse dies as political or campaign medals.

The firing upon Fort Sumter by Confederate forces under Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard marked the beginning of the American Civil War. The spotlight was upon US Army Major Robert Anderson, who led a small force of loyal troops from Fort Moultrie to the much stronger and more strategic position at Fort Sumter. Southern leaders were outraged at their “betrayal,” but their stance was celebrated in the North. As the medal highlights, the Union troops were severely outnumbered and outgunned. The fort was low on ammunition, and they had no fuses for exploding shells, so only solid shot could be used.

At 4:30 a.m., April 12, 1861, 43 Confederate guns and mortars began firing upon the fort in a counterclockwise sequence, and continued for 34 hours straight. Major Anderson wisely kept his men out of harm's way by not manning guns on the top tier of the fort and other vulnerable areas. Exploding shells repeatedly landed inside the fort, and the Confederates heated other artillery rounds until they were glowing red hot, and targeted the fort’s wooden buildings. Before long, most of the buildings were in flames. During the bombardment, a shell struck the fort’s enormous flagpole, and the colors fell to the ground; but Norman J. Hall, a lieutenant, bravely exposed himself to enemy fire to put the flag back up. In doing so, his eyebrows were permanently singed off.

By April 13th, the fort was almost entirely depleted of ammunition, and the condition of Anderson’s men was becoming dire. Also, the Union ships outside the harbor were unable to approach to help. With no other options, Anderson agreed to evacuate the fort. They had sustained about 3,000 shells along with raging fires inside the fort without losing a single man.

After his heroic actions, Anderson was promoted to brigadier general. He retained the fort’s 33-star flag, and it became a symbol at rallies in the North for nationalism and rejection of secessionism. At the war’s end in 1865, Major Anderson returned to Fort Sumter to raise the flag he had lowered four years earlier.

The Bombardment of Fort Sumter Dollar was likely struck soon after the event, as the Union capitalized on the heroics of these men to encourage enlistment. Unfortunately, the origin of the piece has been elusive to researchers. Dewitt lists this piece as being muled with a McClellan campaign medal, the dies for which were made by George H. Lovett of New York in 1864.
View Coin HK-011F MS 64 PL UNITED STATES SOUTH CAROLINA 1861 SILVER SC$1 1861 SC HK-11F BOMBARDMENT OF FT SUMTER SILVER HK-11F NGC MS 64 PL PRESS RELEASE FROM NGC REGARDING THIS UNIQUE MEDAL:

NGC Certifies First Silver Bombardment of Fort Sumter Medal

Posted on 11/14/2017

NGC has identified a new silver variety of the Fort Sumter Medal as HK-11f.

A new metal type for the renowned “Bombardment of Fort Sumter Dollar” was just identified by NGC’s tokens and medals team. This variety, found in silver, graded NGC MS 64, Prooflike. The piece is largely untoned, with very clean surfaces. NGC conducted both a metallurgic analysis and a specific gravity test to confirm its solid silver content, and that it was not a silver-plated copper specimen.

The 2nd edition of Hibler & Kappen’s So-Called Dollar book lists this medal as HK-11, 11b, and 11c — as white metal, brass and copper, respectively. Each of these have a rarity listed at R-7 (meaning an estimated 11-20 known) in each metal type, though they are more common than the authors originally suggest. For instance, NGC has certified about a dozen examples in white metal and over 20 examples in copper. The original book only listed this piece in white metal. The medal is, nonetheless, still very rare in all metal types, and highly sought by collectors.

As this new silver variety is unlisted, NGC has elected to identify it as HK-11f. It is likely that a few others exist in silver, and are only waiting to be brought to light. At auction, prices for these medals can vary drastically, selling from as low as $700, to upwards of $3,000, as in the case of the copper example from the Rev. Dr. James G.K. McClure Collection. Silver is often the far more desirable metal type for tokens and medals, and this specimen could demand an even sharper premium in the right venue.

The firing upon Fort Sumter by Confederate forces under Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard marked the beginning of the American Civil War. The spotlight was upon US Army Major Robert Anderson, who led a small force of loyal troops from Fort Moultrie to the much stronger and more strategic position at Fort Sumter. Southern leaders were outraged at their “betrayal,” but their stance was celebrated in the North. As the medal highlights, the Union troops were severely outnumbered and outgunned. The fort was low on ammunition, and they had no fuses for exploding shells, so only solid shot could be used.

At 4:30 a.m., April 12, 1861, 43 Confederate guns and mortars began firing upon the fort in a counterclockwise sequence, and continued for 34 hours straight. Major Anderson wisely kept his men out of harm's way by not manning guns on the top tier of the fort and other vulnerable areas. Exploding shells repeatedly landed inside the fort, and the Confederates heated other artillery rounds until they were glowing red hot, and targeted the fort’s wooden buildings. Before long, most of the buildings were in flames. During the bombardment, a shell struck the fort’s enormous flagpole, and the colors fell to the ground; but Norman J. Hall, a lieutenant, bravely exposed himself to enemy fire to put the flag back up. In doing so, his eyebrows were permanently singed off.

By April 13th, the fort was almost entirely depleted of ammunition, and the condition of Anderson’s men was becoming dire. Also, the Union ships outside the harbor were unable to approach to help. With no other options, Anderson agreed to evacuate the fort. They had sustained about 3,000 shells along with raging fires inside the fort without losing a single man.

After his heroic actions, Anderson was promoted to brigadier general. He retained the fort’s 33-star flag, and it became a symbol at rallies in the North for nationalism and rejection of secessionism. At the war’s end in 1865, Major Anderson returned to Fort Sumter to raise the flag he had lowered four years earlier.

The Bombardment of Fort Sumter Dollar was likely struck soon after the event, as the Union capitalized on the heroics of these men to encourage enlistment. Unfortunately, the origin of the piece has been elusive to researchers. Dewitt lists this piece as being muled with a McClellan campaign medal, the dies for which were made by George H. Lovett of New York in 1864.
View Coin HK-012 SP 66 BN PCGS UNITED STATES 1869 BRONZE SC$1 1869 HK-12 PACIFIC RAILWAY COMPLETE HK-12 PCGS MS 66 Brown GRADED SP66 BY PCGS. (3) MS 66'S FINEST LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 5/2019. THERE ARE ONLY (2) EXAMPLES OF THIS SCD TYPE GRADED BY PCGS, (1) MS66BN AND THIS SP66, THEREFORE THE FINEST GRADED BY PCGS AS WELL.

Provenance: From the Collections of The Strong, Rochester, New York; sold to benefit the museum’s collections fund; originally collected by John Charles Woodbury (1859-1937).

PACIFIC RAILWAY COMPLETION 1869.

Medal commemorates completion of first transcontinental railroad May 10, 1869. Authorized by 41st Congress, designed and engraved by William Barber, it was struck originally in 1870 in Bronze at Philadelphia Mint; became one of Mint Medal Series (Miscellaneous No. 13).

Representing one of most important economic accomplishments of 19th century to that date, Central Pacific Railroad from east and Union Pacific from west were joined at Promontory, Utah, May 10, 1869. Territory of Utah, created September 1850, was not yet of age and Utah statehood still was more than 25 years away.
View Coin HK-013 MS 63 UNITED STATES PLYMOUTH, MA. 1870 SILVER PLATED SC$1 1870 MA HK-13 PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL HK-13 BRUCE THOMAS COLLECTION NGC MS 63 PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL 1870, PLYMOUTH, MA.

Purpose: To commemorate 250th anniversary of Landing of Pilgrims.

Medals: Extensive research fails to establish exact origin of issue. Names of A. C. Warren and Jarvis E. Ellis, both then Members of Pilgrim Society, appear on Medal; probably was designed by former and engraved by latter ("J. E. Ellis • F •"); struck by Scovill Manufacturing Co, Waterbury, CT; copies presented to officials and guests at celebration. Silver specimen is in possession of Pilgrim Society. Medal is rare in all metals.
View Coin HK-015 MS 64 PL UNITED STATES PLYMOUTH, MA. 1870 BRASS SC$1 1870 MA HK-15 PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL HK-15 NGC MS 64 PL ONLY (3) MS 65'S AND (1) MS 66 FINER IN PL IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 5/2019. PURCHASED FROM JEFF SHEVLIN AT ANA SHOW IN DALLAS, TX 2016.

A MS64 NON-PROOFLIKE EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $431.00 IN THE OSTHEIMER SEALED BID AUCTION 2011.

PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL 1870, PLYMOUTH, MA.

Purpose: To commemorate 250th anniversary of Landing of Pilgrims.

Medals: Extensive research fails to establish exact origin of issue. Names of A. C. Warren and Jarvis E. Ellis, both then Members of Pilgrim Society, appear on Medal; probably was designed by former and engraved by latter ("J. E. Ellis • F •"); struck by Scovill Manufacturing Co, Waterbury, CT; copies presented to officials and guests at celebration. Silver specimen is in possession of Pilgrim Society. Medal is rare in all metals.
View Coin HK-015A MS 63 UNITED STATES PLYMOUTH, MA. 1870 GILT BRASS SC$1 1870 MA HK-15A PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL GILT HK-15A NGC MS 63 THERE ARE ONLY (13) OF THIS TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 5/2019. THIS TYPE IS NOT LISTED IN THE SO-CALLED DOLLAR BOOK. THIS TYPE IS GILT BRASS, HK-15 IS BRASS.

PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL 1870, PLYMOUTH, MA.

Purpose: To commemorate 250th anniversary of Landing of Pilgrims.

Medals: Extensive research fails to establish exact origin of issue. Names of A. C. Warren and Jarvis E. Ellis, both then Members of Pilgrim Society, appear on Medal; probably was designed by former and engraved by latter ("J. E. Ellis • F •"); struck by Scovill Manufacturing Co, Waterbury, CT; copies presented to officials and guests at celebration. Silver specimen is in possession of Pilgrim Society. Medal is rare in all metals.
View Coin HK-017 PF 64 BN THICK UNITED STATES LEXINGTON, MA 1875 BRONZE SC$1 1875 MA HK-17 BATTLE OF LEXINGTON HK-17 NGC PF 64 BN ONLY (2) PF65'S OF ONLY (5) PROOFS, AND (2) MS65'S FINER IN NGC CENSUS OF THIS TYPE AS OF 5/2019.

ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF THIS TYPE IN MS 65 BN WAS SOLD BY STACKS BOWERS IN 2013 FOR $763.75.

Beautiful crimson-copper surfaces are boldly defined with an overall smooth texture. One of just 200 examples of the type produced in bronze.
Provenance: From the Collections of The Strong, Rochester, New York; sold to benefit the museum’s collections fund; originally collected by John Charles Woodbury (1859-1937).

BATTLE OF LEXINGTON CENTENNIAL 1875 LEXINGTON, MA.

Purpose: To celebrate 100th anniversary of Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775, which marked beginning of Revolutionary War; to dedicate permanent memorial to that event.

Medals: Official Medals below authorized by 43rd Congress; dies by Henry Mitchell, Boston; from design by Rev. Edward Griffin Porter, Lexington; struck at Philadelphia Mint. Only 4 Gold medals struck, sold for $30; Silver sold for $3; Bronze for $1; White Metal for $1.50 unpierced, 50 cents pierced. Entire issue quite limited.
View Coin HK-020 MS 64 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 SILVER SC$1 1876 PA HK-20 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION OFFICIAL MEDAL HK-20 OFFICIAL MEDAL NGC MS 64 ONLY (3) MS 65'S LISTED AS FINER OF THIS TYPE IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019.

ANOTHER MS 64 EXAMPLE WAS SOLD BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2019 FOR $420.00. A MS 63 PL EXAMPLE WAS SOLD BY STACKS BOWERS IN 2018 FOR $432.00.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Medals: Official Medals sponsored and issued in two sizes by Centennial Board of Finance; authorized by 43rd Congress. Large size precluded from listing here. Of issues below, Silver was struck in Mint Exhibit on grounds, sold for $3; Bronze and Gilt pieces struck at Philadelphia Mint, sold for 50 cents each. Dies were destroyed when exposition closed.

OFFICIAL MEDALS
Engraved by William Barber. One of White Metal specimens was sold by Presidential Coin and Antique Company in 1983 from personal collection of Charles Barber, son of William Barber; other two specimens reported as from same source.
View Coin HK-020 MS 63 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 SILVER SC$1 1876 PA HK-20 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION OFFICIAL MEDAL HK-20 NGC MS 63 VERY BEAUTIFULLY DARK TONED SILVER MEDAL. A MS 63 PL EXAMPLE WAS SOLD BY STACKS BOWERS IN 2018 FOR $432.00.

CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Medals: Official Medals sponsored and issued in two sizes by Centennial Board of Finance; authorized by 43rd Congress. Large size precluded from listing here. Of issues below, Silver was struck in Mint Exhibit on grounds, sold for $3; Bronze and Gilt pieces struck at Philadelphia Mint, sold for 50 cents each. Dies were destroyed when exposition closed.

OFFICIAL MEDALS
Engraved by William Barber. One of White Metal specimens was sold by Presidential Coin and Antique Company in 1983 from personal collection of Charles Barber, son of William Barber; other two specimens reported as from same source.
View Coin HK-020 MS 61 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 SILVER SC$1 1876 PA HK-20 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION OFFICIAL MEDAL HK-20 THOMAS COLLECTION NGC MS 61 NICE MULTI-COLORED TONING, ESPECIALLY ON OBVERSE. $234 IN MS 62 SOLD BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2018.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Medals: Official Medals sponsored and issued in two sizes by Centennial Board of Finance; authorized by 43rd Congress. Large size precluded from listing here. Of issues below, Silver was struck in Mint Exhibit on grounds, sold for $3; Bronze and Gilt pieces struck at Philadelphia Mint, sold for 50 cents each. Dies were destroyed when exposition closed.

OFFICIAL MEDALS
Engraved by William Barber. One of White Metal specimens was sold by Presidential Coin and Antique Company in 1983 from personal collection of Charles Barber, son of William Barber; other two specimens reported as from same source.
View Coin HK-020 MS 61 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 SILVER SC$1 1876 PA HK-20 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION OFFICIAL MEDAL HK-20 BRUCE THOMAS COLLECTION NGC MS 61 THIS PROBABLY SHOULD HAVE RECEIVED A PROOFLIKE DESIGNATION. I THOUGHT IT MIGHT EVEN BE GRADED AS A PROOF VERSION OF THIS MEDAL TYPE.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Medals: Official Medals sponsored and issued in two sizes by Centennial Board of Finance; authorized by 43rd Congress. Large size precluded from listing here. Of issues below, Silver was struck in Mint Exhibit on grounds, sold for $3; Bronze and Gilt pieces struck at Philadelphia Mint, sold for 50 cents each. Dies were destroyed when exposition closed.

OFFICIAL MEDALS
Engraved by William Barber. One of White Metal specimens was sold by Presidential Coin and Antique Company in 1983 from personal collection of Charles Barber, son of William Barber; other two specimens reported as from same source.
View Coin HK-021 MS 65 BN UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 BRONZE SC$1 1876 PA HK-21 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION OFFICIAL MEDAL HK-21 OFFICIAL MEDAL NGC MS 65 BN THERE IS ONLY (1) MS 66 LISTED FINER OF THIS TYPE IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019. ANOTHER MS 65 EXAMPLE WAS SOLD FOR $352 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2016.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Medals: Official Medals sponsored and issued in two sizes by Centennial Board of Finance; authorized by 43rd Congress. Large size precluded from listing here. Of issues below, Silver was struck in Mint Exhibit on grounds, sold for $3; Bronze and Gilt pieces struck at Philadelphia Mint, sold for 50 cents each. Dies were destroyed when exposition closed.

OFFICIAL MEDALS
Engraved by William Barber. One of White Metal specimens was sold by Presidential Coin and Antique Company in 1983 from personal collection of Charles Barber, son of William Barber; other two specimens reported as from same source.
View Coin HK-021 MS 64 BN UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 BRONZE SC$1 1876 PA HK-21 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION OFFICIAL MEDAL HK-21 OFFICIAL MEDAL NGC MS 64 BN ONLY (11) MS 65'S AND (1) MS 66 LISTED FINER IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 5/2019. A MS 65 EXAMPLE WAS SOLD FOR $352.00 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2016.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Medals: Official Medals sponsored and issued in two sizes by Centennial Board of Finance; authorized by 43rd Congress. Large size precluded from listing here. Of issues below, Silver was struck in Mint Exhibit on grounds, sold for $3; Bronze and Gilt pieces struck at Philadelphia Mint, sold for 50 cents each. Dies were destroyed when exposition closed.

OFFICIAL MEDALS
Engraved by William Barber. One of White Metal specimens was sold by Presidential Coin and Antique Company in 1983 from personal collection of Charles Barber, son of William Barber; other two specimens reported as from same source.
View Coin HK-021 MS 62 BN UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 BRONZE SC$1 1876 PA HK-21 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION OFFICIAL MEDAL HK-21 THOMAS COLLECTION NGC MS 62 BN U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA. ANOTHER MS 62 EXAMPLE WAS SOLD FOR $168.00 BY STACKS BOWERS AUCTIONS IN 2018.

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Medals: Official Medals sponsored and issued in two sizes by Centennial Board of Finance; authorized by 43rd Congress. Large size precluded from listing here. Of issues below, Silver was struck in Mint Exhibit on grounds, sold for $3; Bronze and Gilt pieces struck at Philadelphia Mint, sold for 50 cents each. Dies were destroyed when exposition closed.

OFFICIAL MEDALS
Engraved by William Barber. One of White Metal specimens was sold by Presidential Coin and Antique Company in 1983 from personal collection of Charles Barber, son of William Barber; other two specimens reported as from same source.
View Coin HK-022 MS 63 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 GILT SC$1 1876 PA HK-22 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION OFFICIAL MEDAL HK-22 NGC MS 63 THERE ARE ONLY (9) FINER OF THE (80) LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019. A MS 62 EXAMPLE WAS SOLD BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS FOR $192.00 IN 2018.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Medals: Official Medals sponsored and issued in two sizes by Centennial Board of Finance; authorized by 43rd Congress. Large size precluded from listing here. Of issues below, Silver was struck in Mint Exhibit on grounds, sold for $3; Bronze and Gilt pieces struck at Philadelphia Mint, sold for 50 cents each. Dies were destroyed when exposition closed.

OFFICIAL MEDALS
Engraved by William Barber. One of White Metal specimens was sold by Presidential Coin and Antique Company in 1983 from personal collection of Charles Barber, son of William Barber; other two specimens reported as from same source.
View Coin HK-022 MS 61 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 GILT SC$1 1876 PA HK-22 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION OFFICIAL MEDAL HK-22 THOMAS COLLECTION NGC MS 61 U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA. A MS 62 EXAMPLE WAS SOLD BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS FOR $192.00 IN 2018.

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Medals: Official Medals sponsored and issued in two sizes by Centennial Board of Finance; authorized by 43rd Congress. Large size precluded from listing here. Of issues below, Silver was struck in Mint Exhibit on grounds, sold for $3; Bronze and Gilt pieces struck at Philadelphia Mint, sold for 50 cents each. Dies were destroyed when exposition closed.

OFFICIAL MEDALS
Engraved by William Barber. One of White Metal specimens was sold by Presidential Coin and Antique Company in 1983 from personal collection of Charles Barber, son of William Barber; other two specimens reported as from same source.
View Coin HK-024 UNC DETAILS THICK UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 BRONZE SC$1 1876 PA HK-24 LIBERTY BELL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-24 THOMAS COLLECTION NGC UNC Details GREEN CORROSION UNDER BELL IS THE "ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE". OTHER THAN THAT, THIS IS A FANTASTIC UNCIRULATED EXAMPLE OF THIS SOMEWHAT RARE SCD TYPE IN BRONZE. (MAYBE THE CORROSION IS CONSIDERED "ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE"???).

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-025 ROUNDED 6 MS 65 BN THICK UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 BRONZE SC$1 1876 PA HK-25 ROUNDED 6 - LIBERTY BELL US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-25 Bruce Thomas Collection NGC MS 65 BN THERE IS (1) MS 66 BN ROUNDED 6 VARIETY AND (2) MS 66 BN POINTED 6 VARIETY LISTED AS FINER IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-025 ROUNDED 6 MS 64 BN UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 COPPER SC$1 1876 PA HK-25 LIBERTY BELL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-25 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION NGC MS 64 BN ROUNDED 6 VARIETY OF THIS SO-CALLED DOLLAR TYPE IN COPPER. ONLY (6) MS 65 BN'S AND (1) MS 66 BN LISTED FINER OF THE ROUNDED 6 VARIETY IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 5/2019.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-025 MS 64 BN ROUNDED 6 THICK UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 COPPER SC$1 1876 PA HK-25 ROUNDED 6 - LIBERTY BELL US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-25 NGC MS 64 BN ONLY (6) MS 65 BN'S AND (1) MS 66 BN LISTED FINER OF THE ROUNDED 6 VARIETY IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 5/2019.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-025 UNC DETAILS THICK ROUNDED 6 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 COPPER SC$1 1876 PA HK-25 ROUNDED 6 - LIBERTY BELL US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-25 THOMAS COLLECTION NGC UNC Details UNC DETAILS FOR THE SMALL RIM DAMAGE AT 1 OCLOCK ON THE OBVERSE. OTHER THAN THAT, PROBABLY A MID GRADE UNC FOR THIS COPPER US CENTENNIAL. GRADING WAS VERY HARSH CALLING THIS DETAILS FOR THE VERY SLIGHT RIM DAMAGE.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-026 MS 65 DPL UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-26 LIBERTY BELL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-26 THOMAS COLLECTION NGC MS 65 DPL THIS IS THE FINEST DPL AND TIED WITH (1) MS 65 PL AND (1) MS 65 FOR FINEST OVERALL LISTED OF THIS TYPE IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019. VERY RARE CONDITION TO SEE ON THIS COMMON SCD TYPE.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-026 MS 64 THICK UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-26 LIBERTY BELL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-26 NGC MS 64 THICK PLANCHET (3MM). ONLY (1) MS 65, (1) MS 65 PL, AND MY MS 65 DPL LISTED FINER IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 5/2019.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-026 MS 62 PL THICK UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-26 LIBERTY BELL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-26 NGC MS 62 PL MUCH MORE PROOFLIKE MIRRORED APPEARANCE IN HAND THAN THE PICTURES SHOW, ESPECIALLY THE OBVERSE. THICK PLANCHET IN A THICK NGC HOLDER.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-026 MS 61 THICK UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-26 LIBERTY BELL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-26 THOMAS COLLECTION NGC MS 61 THICK PLANCHET IN A THICK NGC HOLDER.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-027 MS 64 BN UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 COPPER SC$1 (1876) PA HK-27 LIBERTY BELL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-27 OSTHEIMER COLLECTION EX. HIBLER NGC MS 64 BN ONLY ONE MS 65 AND ONE MS 66 FINER OF ONLY 12 LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019.

PREVIOUSLY OWNED BY HAROLD HIBLER, CO-AUTHOR OF THE SO-CALLED DOLLARS BOOK, AND EX- OSTHEIMER COLLECTION. THIS EXACT COPPER MEDAL SOLD FOR $886.00 IN THE OSTHEIMER SEALED BID AUCTION IN 2011.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-027A MS 62 BN UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 BRONZE SC$1 (1876) PA HK-27A LIBERTY BELL - NO STAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-27A BRUCE THOMAS COLLECTION NGC MS 62 BN ONLY (15) TOTAL LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019.

NO STAR BETWEEN "THEREOF" AND "PROCLAIM" VERSION, HK-27 HAS A STAR IN THAT LOCATION.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-028 MS 64 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 BRASS SC$1 (1876) PA HK-28 LIBERTY BELL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-28 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION NGC MS 64 FINEST OF ONLY 9 LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019.

A MS 63 EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $759.00 IN THE OSTHEIMER SEALED BID AUCTION IN 2010. AN AU 58 EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $587.50 IN A HERITAGE AUCTION IN 2014.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-029 UNC DETAILS UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 (1876) PA HK-29 LIBERTY BELL $ - THICK US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-29 BRUCE THOMAS COLLECTION NGC UNC Details THE WHITE METAL VERSION OF THESE MEDALS (HK-29) MUST HAVE MOSTLY BEEN SOLD AS POCKET PIECES, BECAUSE IT IS EXTREMELY DIFFICULT TO FIND THIS TYPE IN A FULL GRADE UNCIRCULATED STATE.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-029 UNC DETAILS UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 (1876) PA HK-29 LIBERTY BELL $ - THIN US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-29 THOMAS COLLECTION NGC UNC Details SCUFFING ABOVE INDEPENDENCE HALL ON THE REVERSE CAUSES THIS TO BE UNC DETAILS. OTHER THAN THAT, QUITE A FINE EXAMPLE OF THIS SCD TYPE.

THE WHITE METAL VERSION OF THESE MEDALS (HK-29) MUST HAVE MOSTLY BEEN SOLD AS POCKET PIECES, BECAUSE IT IS EXTREMELY DIFFICULT TO FIND THIS TYPE IN A FULL GRADE UNCIRCULATED STATE.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-032 MS 61 PCGS UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-32 LIBERTY BELL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-32 PCGS MS 61 1876 Key's Centennial Series - Liberty Bell Medal. White Metal. 38 mm. Musante GW-909, Baker-397C, HK-32.

Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.

THERE ARE ONLY A TOTAL OF (2) OF THIS MEDAL TYPE LISTED IN THE PCGS CENSUS, BOTH GRADED AS MS 61. THERE ARE A TOTAL OF (5) OF THIS MEDAL TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS, WITH ONLY (1) MS 63 FINER IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019.

THIS EXACT PCGS GRADED MEDAL SOLD FOR $1,140.00 IN A STACKS BOWERS AUCTION IN 2018. I FIND NO OTHERS SOLD BY THE MAJOR AUCTION COMPANIES TO DATE.
View Coin HK-041 UNC DETAILS UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-41 INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-41? US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION NGC MEDAL UNC Details WHITE METAL IS QUITE DARKLY TONED WITH NO TIN PEST, MAKING THIS UNC DETAILS. ALL OF THE FEATURES OF OBVERSE AND REVERSE ARE PRESENT AND SHARP, THEREFORE UNCIRCULATED PER NGC. BEING THIS TONED AND HAVING NO TIN PEST MAKES ME WONDER IF THIS IS REALLY WHITE METAL, OR COULD IT BE SILVER HK-39? I BOUGHT THE MEDAL ALREADY GRADED BY NGC, SO I COULD NOT EXAMINE IT RAW. I MIGHT CRACK THIS OUT AND WEIGH IT AND HAVE IT ANALYZED FOR METAL CONTENT.

ALSO CATALOGUED AS MUSANTE GW-908 AND BAKER 392B.

A MS 61 EXAMPLE OF THIS TYPE SOLD FOR $504.00 BY HERITAGE IN 2017. A MS 61 EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $408.00 BY STACKS BOWERS IN 2018. THERE ARE ONLY 16 OF THIS TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS, WITH ONLY 12 OF THOSE GRADED MS 60 OR FINER AS OF 10/2019.

INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLAR

LIBERTY BELL-INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS
Struck and issued by Messrs. Deihl, Philadelphia; designed by Key. Some of pieces with small bell struck as early as 1872; with large bell, 1874, in anticipation of centennial celebration. Liberty Bell, made of bronze, weighs 2,080 pounds, is 3 feet high, measures 12 feet around lip. John Pass and Charles Stow recast bell in 1753, it having cracked year before; in 1835 it cracked beyond repair. It now hangs in Liberty Bell Center, a dedicated museum within Independence National Historical Park near old State House, renamed Independence Hall, where Declaration of Independence was unanimously adopted by Continental Congress, July 4, 1776.
View Coin HK-045 MS 61 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-45 INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-45 US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION NGC MS 61 U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA, INDEPENDENCE HALL DOLLARS.

THIS SO-CALLED DOLLAR TYPE IS ALSO CATALOGUED AS BAKER 394C. SOMEWHAT RARE, AS THERE HAVE ONLY BEEN (22) OF THIS TYPE GRADED PER NGC'S CENSUS AS OF 10/2019, AND NONE GRADED BY PCGS.

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence..

I ONLY FIND (2) GRADED EXAMPLES OF THIS TYPE SELLING IN MAJOR AUCTIONS, BOTH BY STACKS BOWERS IN 2015. A MS 62 EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $381.88, AND A MS 62 DPL EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $470.00.
View Coin HK-057 UNC DETAILS UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 COPPER SC$1 1876 PA HK-57 LIBERTY SEATED DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-57 NGC MEDAL UNC Details THERE ARE NONE OF THIS TYPE GIVEN A FULL NUMBER GRADE BY NGC PER THE CENSUS AS OF 10/2019.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY SEATED DOLLAR IN COPPER.
Designed by Soley, these pieces greatly resemble Longacre pattern trade dollars.

View Coin HK-058 UNC DETAILS UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 GILT SC$1 1876 PA HK-58 LIBERTY SEATED DOLLAR US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-58 Bruce Thomas Collection NGC UNC Details 1876 U.S. Centennial Exposition. Liberty Seated Dollar. Gilt. 37.6 mm. HK-58. Rarity-6.

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

LIBERTY SEATED DOLLARS Designed by Soley, these pieces greatly resemble Longacre pattern trade dollars.

THERE ARE ONLY A TOTAL OF (15) OF THIS TYPE GRADED PER NGC'S CENSUS AS OF 10/2019 IN GILT, WITH ONLY (5) OF THOSE GRADING MS 63 OR FINER.

THIS MEDAL WOULD PROBABLY GRADE MS 63 OR 64 EXCEPT FOR THE SPOT THAT WAS REMOVED FROM THE OBVERSE TOP OF THE MEDAL AT 1 O'CLOCK.

A MS 62 EXAMPLE WAS SOLD BY STACKS BOWERS AUCTIONS IN 2009 FOR $690.00. THIS IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE THAT I FOUND SOLD BY EITHER OF THE MAJOR AUCTION COMPANIES.
View Coin HK-068 MS 61 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-68 CENTENNIAL FOUNTAIN US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-68 BRUCE THOMAS COLLECTION NGC MS 61 ONLY (1) MS 62 DPL FINER OF ONLY (6) OF THIS TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019. ALSO CATALOGUED AS BAKER-343C.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

CENTENNIAL FOUNTAIN DOLLAR IN WHITE METAL.
View Coin HK-069 MS 63 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 GILT COPPER SC$1 1876 PA HK-69 CENTENNIAL FOUNTAIN US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-69 EX. VIRGIL BRAND COLL. NGC MS 63 FROM THE FORMER COLLECTION OF VIRGIL BRAND. ONLY (2) MS 64'S LISTED FINER OF (20) TOTAL OF THIS TYPE IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019.

ANOTHER ONE OF THESE IN THE SAME GRADE SOLD FOR $506.00 IN THE 2011 SEALED BID SALE OF THE OSTHEIMER COLLECTION. A MS 61 PL EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $432.00 IN A HERITAGE AUCTION IN 2017.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

CENTENNIAL FOUNTAIN DOLLAR IN GILT COPPER.
View Coin HK-072 MS 63 GILT COPPER UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 GILT COPPER SC$1 (1876) PA HK-72 AMERICAN COLONIES US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-72 Bruce Thomas Collection NGC MS 63 A RAW AU EXAMPLE OF THIS TYPE WAS SOLD BY STACKS BOWERS IN 2014 FOR $352.50. IT APPEARS TO ALSO BE GILT, NOT BRONZE AS HK-72 IS NORMALLY FOUND. I DO NOT FIND ANY OTHER EXAMPLES OF HK-72 SOLD BY EITHER OF THE MAJOR AUCTION COMPANIES.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA AMERICAN COLONIES DOLLAR.

FORMERLY FROM THE DONALD ENSLEY COLLECTION IN MICHIGAN.

THIS MEDAL TYPE IS LISTED IN THE REFERENCE BOOK AS BEING MADE IN BRONZE, BRASS, WHITE METAL, AND PROOF SILVER ONLY. AN XRF ANALYSIS TEST THAT I HAD DONE PRIOR TO GRADING SHOWS THAT THIS MEDAL IS 99.2% COPPER AND .8% GOLD, THEREFORE GILT COPPER. LAURYNN DAVIS WITH NGC SAYS THAT THERE ARE NOTES IN HER BOOK THAT SHOW THAT SOME OF THE GRADED BRASS HK-72'S APPEAR TO BE GILT, BUT DID NOT LIST THE BASE METAL TYPE. NGC DID NOT DENOTE THIS AS GILT COPPER DUE TO LAURYNN'S NOTES ABOVE, BUT IT IS CERTAINLY NOT HK-72 BRASS AS DENOTED IN THE HK BOOK.

TIED WITH (1) OTHER MS 63 AND (1) MS 63 PL, WITH ONLY (1) MS 64 PL FINER OVERALL OF ONLY (9) LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019. MOST OF THE FINER GRADED EXAMPLES MIGHT OR MIGHT NOT BE BRASS???

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Organization: Our first major multiple-building World's Fair; distinguished by direct Federal sponsorship. After spirited rivalry among larger cities, Congressional Acts 1871, 1872 settled issue; also created Centennial Commission on which all states and territories represented, and Board of Finance to work with Exposition Company; latter chartered locally, $10 stock certificates sold to public. City granted $1,000,000; state and Congress over $4,000,000.

Site: Portion of Fairmount Park, 236 acres, presented "free of all expense" by city. Of 167 buildings erected, only one was permanent. Built of "granite, glass and iron," Memorial Hall became Philadelphia's Museum of Art.

Dates, Attendance: May 10-Nov. 10, 1876; officially "opened" by President Grant. Attendance almost 10,000,000; over 8,000,000 paid.

Participants: All states and territories and 49 foreign countries represented; 26 of former and some of latter erected own buildings. Exhibitors numbered 30,000; many Federal displays included Mint Exhibit.

Comment: Our first "international exhibition of the arts, manufactures and products of the earth" proved to American citizens and foreign visitors alike that U.S. had "grown up...able to takes its place among nations of the world in commerce and industry." With 71 acres under roof, architecture was of "gingerbread" type, its influence still felt in older sections of some cities. Multiple-structure approach, as opposed to single large building, followed new European plan. Exposition emphasized machines and mechanical progress; "served as inspiration for decades" for industrial expansion. Alexander Graham Bell exhibited his telephone for first time. Aesthetically, America was electrified by display of work of world's artists. Previously, material problems concerned our young nation; art playing no significant part in American life. With this awakening, numerous art schools and societies sprang into being; there was rush of American students to Paris. Total impact on our cultural life was remarkable and permanent.
View Coin HK-074 MS 63 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-74 DECLAR OF INDEPENDENCE US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-74 NGC MS 63 ONLY (8) GRADED FINER OF (41) LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019.

U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876 PHILADELPHIA, PA

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE DOLLAR

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Obverse engraved by Abraham Demarest; reverse engraved by George Hampden Lovett.

View Coin HK-080 MS 61 HK PLATE 2ND EDITION UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-80 FAIRMOUNT PARK US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-80 OSTHEIMER COLLECTION HK PLATE 2ND ED. NGC MS 61 1876 U.S. Centennial Exposition. Exposition Building Dollar--Main Building. White Metal. 43 mm. HK-80. Rarity-6. MS-61 (NGC).

THERE ARE ONLY TEN OF THIS TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 10/2019.

Provenance: From the Henry Edward Collection. Earlier ex Ostheimer Collection. The plate medal for the type in the second edition of the Hibler-Kappen reference on so-called dollars.

THIS EXAMPLE SOLD IN THE OSTHEIMER SEALED BID AUCTION IN 2011 FOR $506.00. DIES FOR THIS MEDAL BY GEORGE H LOVETT.
View Coin HK-082 MS 61 UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876 WHITE METAL SC$1 1876 PA HK-82 MAIN BUILDING US CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION HK-82 NGC MS 61 U.S. CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1876, PHILADELPHIA, PA 1876.EXPOSITION BUILDING DOLLARS

THERE ARE ONLY A TOTAL OF 17 OF THIS TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS, WITH ONLY 7 GRADED HIGHER AS OF 10/2019.

Purpose: To commemorate 100th anniversary of signing of United States Declaration of Independence.

Organization: Our first major multiple-building World's Fair; distinguished by direct Federal sponsorship. After spirited rivalry among larger cities, Congressional Acts 1871, 1872 settled issue; also created Centennial Commission on which all states and territories represented, and Board of Finance to work with Exposition Company; latter chartered locally, $10 stock certificates sold to public. City granted $1,000,000; state and Congress over $4,000,000.

Site: Portion of Fairmount Park, 236 acres, presented "free of all expense" by city. Of 167 buildings erected, only one was permanent. Built of "granite, glass and iron," Memorial Hall became Philadelphia's Museum of Art.

Dates, Attendance: May 10-Nov. 10, 1876; officially "opened" by President Grant. Attendance almost 10,000,000; over 8,000,000 paid.

Participants: All states and territories and 49 foreign countries represented; 26 of former and some of latter erected own buildings. Exhibitors numbered 30,000; many Federal displays included Mint Exhibit.

Comment: Our first "international exhibition of the arts, manufactures and products of the earth" proved to American citizens and foreign visitors alike that U.S. had "grown up...able to takes its place among nations of the world in commerce and industry." With 71 acres under roof, architecture was of "gingerbread" type, its influence still felt in older sections of some cities. Multiple-structure approach, as opposed to single large building, followed new European plan. Exposition emphasized machines and mechanical progress; "served as inspiration for decades" for industrial expansion. Alexander Graham Bell exhibited his telephone for first time. Aesthetically, America was electrified by display of work of world's artists. Previously, material problems concerned our young nation; art playing no significant part in American life. With this awakening, numerous art schools and societies sprang into being; there was rush of American students to Paris. Total impact on our cultural life was remarkable and permanent.

Medals: Official Medals sponsored and issued in two sizes by Centennial Board of Finance; authorized by 43rd Congress. Large size precluded from listing here. Of issues below, Silver was struck in Mint Exhibit on grounds, sold for $3; Bronze and Gilt pieces struck at Philadelphia Mint, sold for 50 cents each. Dies were destroyed when exposition closed. See separate listing, Part I, for Nevada Dollar--
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