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BRUCE THOMAS COLLECTION OF SO-CALLED DOLLARS AND OTHER MEDALS

Category:  Token & Medals
Last Modified:  10/21/2020
  
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Slot: HK-001 MS 61 PCGS
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES ERIE, NY 1826
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN
Item Description: WHITE METAL SC$1 1826 NY HK-1 ERIE CANAL COMPLETION HK-1
Grade: PCGS MS 61
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
ERIE CANAL COMPLETION 1826, NEW YORK CITY, NY. WHITE METAL. ANOTHER MS 61 GRADED BY NGC SOLD FOR $2,880.00 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2018.

Medal issued by Common Council, City of New York; designed by Archibald Robertson; engraved by Charles Cushing Wright with lettering by Richard Trested on dies prepared by William Williams; struck by Maltby Pelletreau.

Erie Canal Commission created 1810 by NY Legislature; DeWitt Clinton, later Governor, served as member 10 years without pay. Ground broken July 4, 1817, at Rome, NY. Over 8 years and $7,000,000 later, Canal stretched 364 miles "straight as the lay of the land would permit" from Hudson River to Lake Erie; 83 locks required for "greatest engineering feat of modern times...costliest, most successful project yet undertaken in the New World."

Originally dubbed "Clinton's Folly" by many, Canal proved one of main factors in our national development by directly opening West to agriculture; reduced freight cost and time, Albany to Buffalo, from $100 per ton and 45 days (by wagon) to $5 and 6 days; passengers paid 5 cents per mile, including 3 meals daily. By 1836, tolls had paid off entire cost; made New York City first seaport in U.S., passing Philadelphia. Now part of NY Barge Canal System, original 40 ft. width and 4 ft. depth have been increased substantially.

Formal opening was Oct. 26, 1825, with vessel Seneca Chief carrying Governor Clinton departing Buffalo; arrived New York City Nov. 4. Long water-parade behind "moved slowly" with banquets, parades, etc. "at every town" en route; climaxed by huge New York celebration early 1826. Fifty-one Gold medals struck; presented to "crowned heads of world and eminent men" including General Lafayette and 3 surviving signers of Declaration of Independence. "Several hundred" pieces struck in Silver and White Metal (pewter); presented to guests and officials.

The Erie Canal lived up to the dreams of its promoters. It opened the west for settlement and commerce. Within a few years it had carried $15 million of commerce. This dollar value represented twice the amount of commerce that had gone down the Mississippi River. Suddenly, it was possible to buy wheat in the Midwest and ship it to New York, where it could be sold to Europe. In 1850, the Erie Railroad was completed. The Erie Railroad become the first railroad to connect the East Coast with the Great Lakes. Until then the Erie Canal was the only way to move goods between the East Coast the Great Lakes and beyond. Even after the Erie railroad was completed the canal remained the least expensive way to move freight. The Erie Canal quickly exceeded its planned capacity, and was enlarged. The enlargement of the Erie Canal was completed in 1862. In 1918, the New York State Barge Canal replaced the Erie Canal. The canal's traffic continued to grow until the early 1950’s, when the air and truck traffic began to seriously impact the traffic on the canal. Today, the Erie canal is used mainly for recreational boaters.
Slot: HK-005 MS 62 BN THICK
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES NEW YORK, NY 1853
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN
Item Description: COPPER SC$1 1853 NY HK-5 CRYSTAL PALACE HK-5 Bruce Thomas Collection
Grade: NGC MS 62 BN
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
(1) MS 63 RB AND (1) MS 64 RB LISTED FINER IN THE NGC CENSUS OF A TOTAL OF ONLY (7) AS OF 9/2020.

THIS EXAMPLE WAS PREVIOUSLY IN THE DONALD ENSLEY COLLECTION FROM MICHIGAN.

A NGC GRADED MS 61 BN EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $1,527.50 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2014. A NGC MS 63 ROTATED DIES ERROR EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $4,560.00 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2018.

CRYSTAL PALACE 1853 NEW YORK CITY, NY

TYPE I--1853 DOLLAR. Engraved by Charles Stubenrauch, formerly a mint engraver in Darmstadt, Germany.

Purpose: To exhibit "industry of all nations for...comparison, competition, instruction and encouragement."

Organization: First "International" exposition held in United States. Following 1851 London Crystal Palace Exhibition, New York group, including Horace Greeley, chartered "The Association for the Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations"; built Crystal Palace at cost of over $600,000. No direct grants from city or state but former did lease ground free for five years from 1852 on condition that (1) building be "chiefly of iron and glass," (2) admission fee not exceed 50 cents. Federal government provided "neither financial support nor official sanction" but charged no duty on goods imported for exhibition purposes, which practice still prevails today.

Site, Dates: South side 42nd Street between 5th and 6th Avenues to west of present New York Library, known as Reservoir Square; now Bryant Park. First exhibition opened July 14, 1853; ran intermittently until Oct. 5, 1858 when building was destroyed by fire.
Slot: HK-006 UNC DETAILS
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES NEW YORK 1853
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN CRYSTAL PALACE DOLLAR
Item Description: WHITE METAL SC$1 1853 NY HK-6 CRYSTAL PALACE HK-6 Bruce Thomas Collection
Grade: NGC UNC Details
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
CRYSTAL PALACE 1853 NEW YORK CITY, NY. HK-6 WHITE METAL.

TYPE I--1853 DOLLAR
Engraved by Charles Stubenrauch, formerly a mint engraver in Darmstadt, Germany.

Purpose: To exhibit "industry of all nations for...comparison, competition, instruction and encouragement."

Organization: First "International" exposition held in United States. Following 1851 London Crystal Palace Exhibition, New York group, including Horace Greeley, chartered "The Association for the Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations"; built Crystal Palace at cost of over $600,000. No direct grants from city or state but former did lease ground free for five years from 1852 on condition that (1) building be "chiefly of iron and glass," (2) admission fee not exceed 50 cents. Federal government provided "neither financial support nor official sanction" but charged no duty on goods imported for exhibition purposes, which practice still prevails today.

Site, Dates: South side 42nd Street between 5th and 6th Avenues to west of present New York Library, known as Reservoir Square; now Bryant Park. First exhibition opened July 14, 1853; ran intermittently until Oct. 5, 1858 when building was destroyed by fire.

THS TYPE 1 MEDAL WAS MADE IN COPPER (HK-5) AND WHITE METAL (HK-6). THERE ARE ONLY A TOTAL OF (17) OF THIS WHITE METAL TYPE GIVEN A FULL NUMBER GRADE PER NGC'S CENSUS AS OF 9/2020, WITH ONLY (11) OF THOSE BEING UNC'S.

A MS 60 EXAMPLE OF THIS TYPE WAS SOLD BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2016 FOR $1,292.50. THERE ARE A FEW MINOR SCRATCHES TO THE RIGHT OF LADY LIBERTY AND THE SHIELD, BUT NOTHING VERY DETRACTING FROM THE MEDAL.
Slot: HK-007A UNC DETAILS
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES NEW YORK, NY 1853
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN TYPE IIa--Industry - All Nations Dollar
Item Description: WHITE METAL SC$1 1853 NY HK-7A INDUSTRY-ALL NATIONS CRYSTAL PALACE HK-7A
Grade: NGC UNC Details
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
THERE ARE ONLY (1) MS 60 AND (1) MS 62 PL OF THIS TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 9/2020. THERE HAVE BEEN NONE OF THIS TYPE SOLD BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS OR STACKS BOWERS AUCTIONS IN THE PAST. VERY RARE!!!

THIS EXAMPLE WAS PREVIOUSLY IN THE DONALD ENSLEY COLLECTION FROM MICHIGAN.

THIS EXAMPLE HAS BEEN GIVEN AN UNC DETAILS GRADE DUE TO THE SMALL INDENTION AT 12 O'CLOCK ON THE OBVERSE ABOVE THE LETTER "A" IN CRYSTAL. OTHER THAN THAT, THIS MEDAL WOULD GRADE A LOW 60'S UNCIRCULATED IN MY OPINION. VERY SLIGHT DAMAGE, I DO NOT FEEL THAT THIS ALONE WARRANTS A DETAILS GRADE ON THIS VERY RARE SO-CALLED DOLLAR TYPE!!

CRYSTAL PALACE 1853 NEW YORK CITY, NY. TYPE IIa--Industry - All Nations Dollar, Engraved by George Hampden Lovett.

Purpose: To exhibit "industry of all nations for...comparison, competition, instruction and encouragement."

Organization: First "International" exposition held in United States. Following 1851 London Crystal Palace Exhibition, New York group, including Horace Greeley, chartered "The Association for the Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations"; built Crystal Palace at cost of over $600,000. No direct grants from city or state but former did lease ground free for five years from 1852 on condition that (1) building be "chiefly of iron and glass," (2) admission fee not exceed 50 cents. Federal government provided "neither financial support nor official sanction" but charged no duty on goods imported for exhibition purposes, which practice still prevails today.

Site, Dates: South side 42nd Street between 5th and 6th Avenues to west of present New York Library, known as Reservoir Square; now Bryant Park. First exhibition opened July 14, 1853; ran intermittently until Oct. 5, 1858 when building was destroyed by fire.
Slot: HK-008 MS 62
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES NEW YORK, NY 1854
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN CRYSTAL PALACE
Item Description: WHITE METAL SC$1 1854 NY HK-8 CRYSTAL PALACE HK-8
Grade: NGC MS 62
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
CRYSTAL PALACE 1853, NEW YORK CITY, NY TYPE III- 1854 DOLLAR

Manufactured by Pinches of London, these medals are actually British and should not have been included even in the 1963 edition of this reference. Originally opened as part of The Great Exhibition of 1851, the Crystal Palace was moved after the close of the Exhibition from its original location in Hyde Park; reopened on Sydenham Hill in London by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert on June 10, 1854. Original building destroyed by fire on Nov. 30, 1936; site of current Crystal Palace Park.

Purpose: To exhibit "industry of all nations for...comparison, competition, instruction and encouragement.

Medals: All issues proved difficult to research. Types I and III, at least, probably were of official nature, perhaps sold within Palace during exhibitions. Today, all four medals are extremely rare.

ONLY 12 FINER OF THE 67 LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 9/2020.
Slot: HK-009 MS 65 BN PCGS
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES 1860
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN
Item Description: COPPER SC$1 1860 HK-9 HEENAN-SAYERS BOXING HEAVYWEIGHT CHAMPIONSHIP HK-9
Grade: PCGS MS 65 BN
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
THIS EXAMPLE IS THE TOP POP OF ONLY (2) LISTED IN THE PCGS CENSUS AS OF 9/2020. (1) MS 65 BN IS TOP POP OF ONLY (9) IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 9/2020 AS WELL.

A choice problem-free example with appealing silky surfaces and uniform chocolate brown patina on both sides. This was indeed a "great fight," with bare-knuckles, lasting 42 rounds and ending in a draw.

HEENAN-SAYERS BOXING BOUT 1860 WORLD'S HEAVYWEIGHT CHAMPIONSHIP.

These medals commemorate one of famous bare-knuckle heavyweight championship bouts. John C. Heenan, born Troy, NY, moved to California; called Benicia Boy, won first clear claim to American title. He journeyed to England, there met world champion Tom Sayers. Latter born Brighton, England; bricklayer by trade; won championship 1857. Heenan-Sayers fought at Farnborough, April 17; called "most famous" in English prize ring history; lasted over 2 hours; ended in 42-round "draw" when crowd swarmed ring following injury to Sayers' arm. Latter then retired permanently from boxing.

Professional pugilism lacked all law and order until 1743 when Jack Broughton, one of early English champions, compiled set of rules; these superseded by London Prize Ring Rules of 1838; "bare-knuckles" still used. In 1866, 8th Marquis of Queensbury published Queensbury Rules calling for gloved contests. Acceptance by professionals took years or until 1892 when John L. Sullivan lost world heavyweight title to James J. Corbett at New Orleans. Since latter date, Queensbury Rules are basic in boxing.

While this contest itself was held in England, medals were struck here by Smith and Hartmann, New York City, following Heenan's return to United States.
Slot: HK-011 UNC DETAILS
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES SOUTH CAROLINA 1861
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN BOMBARDMENT OF FT. SUMTER TYPE 1
Item Description: WHITE METAL SC$1 1861 SC HK-11 BOMBARDMENT OF FT SUMTER HK-11
Grade: NGC UNC Details
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
BOMBARDMENT OF FORT SUMTER 1861 CHARLESTON, SC TYPE 1 WHITE METAL

The firing upon Fort Sumter by Confederate forces under Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard marked the beginning of the American Civil War. The spotlight was upon US Army Major Robert Anderson, who led a small force of loyal troops from Fort Moultrie to the much stronger and more strategic position at Fort Sumter. Southern leaders were outraged at their “betrayal,” but their stance was celebrated in the North. As the medal highlights, the Union troops were severely outnumbered and outgunned. The fort was low on ammunition, and they had no fuses for exploding shells, so only solid shot could be used.

At 4:30 a.m., April 12, 1861, 43 Confederate guns and mortars began firing upon the fort in a counterclockwise sequence, and continued for 34 hours straight. Major Anderson wisely kept his men out of harm's way by not manning guns on the top tier of the fort and other vulnerable areas. Exploding shells repeatedly landed inside the fort, and the Confederates heated other artillery rounds until they were glowing red hot, and targeted the fort’s wooden buildings. Before long, most of the buildings were in flames. During the bombardment, a shell struck the fort’s enormous flagpole, and the colors fell to the ground; but Norman J. Hall, a lieutenant, bravely exposed himself to enemy fire to put the flag back up. In doing so, his eyebrows were permanently singed off.

By April 13th, the fort was almost entirely depleted of ammunition, and the condition of Anderson’s men was becoming dire. Also, the Union ships outside the harbor were unable to approach to help. With no other options, Anderson agreed to evacuate the fort. They had sustained about 3,000 shells along with raging fires inside the fort without losing a single man.

After his heroic actions, Anderson was promoted to brigadier general. He retained the fort’s 33-star flag, and it became a symbol at rallies in the North for nationalism and rejection of secessionism. At the war’s end in 1865, Major Anderson returned to Fort Sumter to raise the flag he had lowered four years earlier.

The Bombardment of Fort Sumter Dollar was likely struck soon after the event, as the Union capitalized on the heroics of these men to encourage enlistment. Unfortunately, the origin of the piece has been elusive to researchers. Dewitt lists this piece as being muled with a McClellan campaign medal, the dies for which were made by George H. Lovett of New York in 1864.

IT IS A SHAME THAT SOMEONE APPARENTLY MADE A JEWELRY ITEM OUT OF THIS MEDAL. PINCHED AT 3:30 AND 8:30 ON THE OBVERSE, OTHERWISE IT WOULD BE A FAIRLY HIGH GRADE UNC. AND PROBABLY PROOFLIKE, ESPECIALLY ON THE REVERSE IN MY OPINION. THERE ARE ONLY (11) OF THIS TYPE GIVEN A FULL GRADE PER THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 9/2020. DIES FOR THIS MEDAL BY GEORGE H LOVETT.

A MS 61 EXAMPLE OF THIS MEDAL SOLD FOR $705.00 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2014. A MS 61 EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $1,150.00 IN OSTHEIMER AUCTION IN 2011.
Slot: HK-011C MS 65 RB
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES SOUTH CAROLINA 1861
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN BOMBARDMENT OF FORT SUMTER TYPE 1
Item Description: COPPER SC$1 1861 SC HK-11C BOMBARDMENT OF FT SUMTER HK-11C OSTHEIMER COLLECTION
Grade: NGC MS 65 RB
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
THIS EXAMPLE IS TIED FOR TOP POP IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 9/2020.

THIS EXAMPLE IS FROM THE FAMOUS OSTHEIMER COLLECTION. I PURCHASED THIS MEDAL FROM JEFF SHEVLIN, THANKS JEFF. THIS EXACT MEDAL SOLD FOR $3,700.00 IN THE OSTHEIMER SEALED BID AUCTION IN 2011. DIES FOR THIS MEDAL BY GEORGE H LOVETT. A MS 64 RB EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $3,055.00 BY HERITAGE AUCTIONS IN 2016.

BOMBARDMENT OF FORT SUMTER 1861 CHARLESTON, SC

The firing upon Fort Sumter by Confederate forces under Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard marked the beginning of the American Civil War. The spotlight was upon US Army Major Robert Anderson, who led a small force of loyal troops from Fort Moultrie to the much stronger and more strategic position at Fort Sumter. Southern leaders were outraged at their “betrayal,” but their stance was celebrated in the North. As the medal highlights, the Union troops were severely outnumbered and outgunned. The fort was low on ammunition, and they had no fuses for exploding shells, so only solid shot could be used.

At 4:30 a.m., April 12, 1861, 43 Confederate guns and mortars began firing upon the fort in a counterclockwise sequence, and continued for 34 hours straight. Major Anderson wisely kept his men out of harm's way by not manning guns on the top tier of the fort and other vulnerable areas. Exploding shells repeatedly landed inside the fort, and the Confederates heated other artillery rounds until they were glowing red hot, and targeted the fort’s wooden buildings. Before long, most of the buildings were in flames. During the bombardment, a shell struck the fort’s enormous flagpole, and the colors fell to the ground; but Norman J. Hall, a lieutenant, bravely exposed himself to enemy fire to put the flag back up. In doing so, his eyebrows were permanently singed off.

By April 13th, the fort was almost entirely depleted of ammunition, and the condition of Anderson’s men was becoming dire. Also, the Union ships outside the harbor were unable to approach to help. With no other options, Anderson agreed to evacuate the fort. They had sustained about 3,000 shells along with raging fires inside the fort without losing a single man.

After his heroic actions, Anderson was promoted to brigadier general. He retained the fort’s 33-star flag, and it became a symbol at rallies in the North for nationalism and rejection of secessionism. At the war’s end in 1865, Major Anderson returned to Fort Sumter to raise the flag he had lowered four years earlier.

The Bombardment of Fort Sumter Dollar was likely struck soon after the event, as the Union capitalized on the heroics of these men to encourage enlistment. Unfortunately, the origin of the piece has been elusive to researchers. Dewitt lists this piece as being muled with a McClellan campaign medal, the dies for which were made by George H. Lovett of New York in 1864.
Slot: HK-011E MS 65 RB
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES CHARLESTON, SC 1861
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN TYPE II
Item Description: COPPER SC$1 1861 SC HK-11E BOMBARDMENT OF FT SUMTER HK-11E Bruce Thomas Collection
Grade: NGC MS 65 RB
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
BOMBARDMENT OF FORT SUMTER 1861, CHARLESTON, SC TYPE II EAGLE REVERSE.

THIS IS THE TOP POP OF ONLY (2) OF THIS TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 9/2020. I PREVIOUSLY OWNED THE MS 64 BN EXAMPLE ALSO, BUT I SOLD IT TO JEFF SHEVLIN IN 2017.

THIS EXAMPLE WAS PREVIOUSLY IN THE DONALD ENSLEY COLLECTION FROM MICHIGAN.

MY FATHER-IN-LAW'S FAMILY ARE FROM SUMTER, SC, SO THIS MEDAL IS VERY SPECIAL TO ME AND APPARENTLY EXTREMELY RARE.

JEFF SHEVLIN TOLD ME IN 2017 THAT OF THE (6) VARIETIES OF THESE "BOMBARDMENT" MEDALS, THE MS 64 BN EXAMPLE WAS THE ONLY HK-11E THAT HE HAD EVER SEEN, RAW OR GRADED. IF JEFF HAS NOT SEEN THIS TYPE, IT MUST BE VERY RARE. DIES FOR THIS MEDAL BY GEORGE H LOVETT.

Following 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln as United States President, South Carolina was first state to secede from Union on Dec. 20, 1860. Bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor was first clash of armed forces of North and South.

Defended by a Federal force of 75 men under Major Robert Anderson from April 12 to 14, 1861, against Brigadier Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard and 8,000 Confederates, Fort was surrendered finally with no casualties to either side.

The firing upon Fort Sumter by Confederate forces under Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard marked the beginning of the American Civil War. The spotlight was upon US Army Major Robert Anderson, who led a small force of loyal troops from Fort Moultrie to the much stronger and more strategic position at Fort Sumter. Southern leaders were outraged at their “betrayal,” but their stance was celebrated in the North. As the medal highlights, the Union troops were severely outnumbered and outgunned. The fort was low on ammunition, and they had no fuses for exploding shells, so only solid shot could be used.

At 4:30 a.m., April 12, 1861, 43 Confederate guns and mortars began firing upon the fort in a counterclockwise sequence, and continued for 34 hours straight. Major Anderson wisely kept his men out of harm's way by not manning guns on the top tier of the fort and other vulnerable areas. Exploding shells repeatedly landed inside the fort, and the Confederates heated other artillery rounds until they were glowing red hot, and targeted the fort’s wooden buildings. Before long, most of the buildings were in flames. During the bombardment, a shell struck the fort’s enormous flagpole, and the colors fell to the ground; but Norman J. Hall, a lieutenant, bravely exposed himself to enemy fire to put the flag back up. In doing so, his eyebrows were permanently singed off.

By April 13th, the fort was almost entirely depleted of ammunition, and the condition of Anderson’s men was becoming dire. Also, the Union ships outside the harbor were unable to approach to help. With no other options, Anderson agreed to evacuate the fort. They had sustained about 3,000 shells along with raging fires inside the fort without losing a single man.

After his heroic actions, Anderson was promoted to brigadier general. He retained the fort’s 33-star flag, and it became a symbol at rallies in the North for nationalism and rejection of secessionism. At the war’s end in 1865, Major Anderson returned to Fort Sumter to raise the flag he had lowered four years earlier.

The Bombardment of Fort Sumter Dollar was likely struck soon after the event, as the Union capitalized on the heroics of these men to encourage enlistment. Unfortunately, the origin of the piece has been elusive to researchers. Dewitt lists this piece as being muled with a McClellan campaign medal, the dies for which were made by George H. Lovett of New York in 1864.
Slot: HK-011F MS 64 PL
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES SOUTH CAROLINA 1861
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN TYPE 1
Item Description: SILVER SC$1 1861 SC HK-11F BOMBARDMENT OF FT SUMTER SILVER HK-11F
Grade: NGC MS 64 PL
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
PRESS RELEASE FROM NGC REGARDING THIS UNIQUE MEDAL:

NGC Certifies First Silver Bombardment of Fort Sumter Medal

Posted on 11/14/2017

NGC has identified a new silver variety of the Fort Sumter Medal as HK-11f.

A new metal type for the renowned “Bombardment of Fort Sumter Dollar” was just identified by NGC’s tokens and medals team. This variety, found in silver, graded NGC MS 64, Prooflike. The piece is largely untoned, with very clean surfaces. NGC conducted both a metallurgic analysis and a specific gravity test to confirm its solid silver content, and that it was not a silver-plated copper specimen.

The 2nd edition of Hibler & Kappen’s So-Called Dollar book lists this medal as HK-11, 11b, and 11c — as white metal, brass and copper, respectively. Each of these have a rarity listed at R-7 (meaning an estimated 11-20 known) in each metal type, though they are more common than the authors originally suggest. For instance, NGC has certified about a dozen examples in white metal and over 20 examples in copper. The original book only listed this piece in white metal. The medal is, nonetheless, still very rare in all metal types, and highly sought by collectors.

As this new silver variety is unlisted, NGC has elected to identify it as HK-11f. It is likely that a few others exist in silver, and are only waiting to be brought to light. At auction, prices for these medals can vary drastically, selling from as low as $700, to upwards of $3,000, as in the case of the copper example from the Rev. Dr. James G.K. McClure Collection. Silver is often the far more desirable metal type for tokens and medals, and this specimen could demand an even sharper premium in the right venue.

The firing upon Fort Sumter by Confederate forces under Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard marked the beginning of the American Civil War. The spotlight was upon US Army Major Robert Anderson, who led a small force of loyal troops from Fort Moultrie to the much stronger and more strategic position at Fort Sumter. Southern leaders were outraged at their “betrayal,” but their stance was celebrated in the North. As the medal highlights, the Union troops were severely outnumbered and outgunned. The fort was low on ammunition, and they had no fuses for exploding shells, so only solid shot could be used.

At 4:30 a.m., April 12, 1861, 43 Confederate guns and mortars began firing upon the fort in a counterclockwise sequence, and continued for 34 hours straight. Major Anderson wisely kept his men out of harm's way by not manning guns on the top tier of the fort and other vulnerable areas. Exploding shells repeatedly landed inside the fort, and the Confederates heated other artillery rounds until they were glowing red hot, and targeted the fort’s wooden buildings. Before long, most of the buildings were in flames. During the bombardment, a shell struck the fort’s enormous flagpole, and the colors fell to the ground; but Norman J. Hall, a lieutenant, bravely exposed himself to enemy fire to put the flag back up. In doing so, his eyebrows were permanently singed off.

By April 13th, the fort was almost entirely depleted of ammunition, and the condition of Anderson’s men was becoming dire. Also, the Union ships outside the harbor were unable to approach to help. With no other options, Anderson agreed to evacuate the fort. They had sustained about 3,000 shells along with raging fires inside the fort without losing a single man.

After his heroic actions, Anderson was promoted to brigadier general. He retained the fort’s 33-star flag, and it became a symbol at rallies in the North for nationalism and rejection of secessionism. At the war’s end in 1865, Major Anderson returned to Fort Sumter to raise the flag he had lowered four years earlier.

The Bombardment of Fort Sumter Dollar was likely struck soon after the event, as the Union capitalized on the heroics of these men to encourage enlistment. Unfortunately, the origin of the piece has been elusive to researchers. Dewitt lists this piece as being muled with a McClellan campaign medal, the dies for which were made by George H. Lovett of New York in 1864.
Slot: HK-012 SP 66 BN PCGS
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES 1869
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN PACIFIC RAILWAY COMPLETION
Item Description: BRONZE SC$1 1869 HK-12 PACIFIC RAILWAY COMPLETE HK-12
Grade: PCGS MS 66 Brown
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
GRADED SP66 BY PCGS. (4) MS 66'S FINEST LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 9/2020. THERE ARE ONLY (3) EXAMPLES OF THIS SCD TYPE GRADED BY PCGS, (1) MS 66 BN AND (2) SP 66'S, TIED THE FINEST GRADED BY PCGS AS WELL.

Provenance: From the Collections of The Strong, Rochester, New York; sold to benefit the museum’s collections fund; originally collected by John Charles Woodbury (1859-1937).

PACIFIC RAILWAY COMPLETION 1869.

Medal commemorates completion of first transcontinental railroad May 10, 1869. Authorized by 41st Congress, designed and engraved by William Barber, it was struck originally in 1870 in Bronze at Philadelphia Mint; became one of Mint Medal Series (Miscellaneous No. 13).

Representing one of most important economic accomplishments of 19th century to that date, Central Pacific Railroad from east and Union Pacific from west were joined at Promontory, Utah, May 10, 1869. Territory of Utah, created September 1850, was not yet of age and Utah statehood still was more than 25 years away.
Slot: HK-013 MS 63
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES PLYMOUTH, MA. 1870
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL
Item Description: SILVER PLATED SC$1 1870 MA HK-13 PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL HK-13 BRUCE THOMAS COLLECTION
Grade: NGC MS 63
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL 1870, PLYMOUTH, MA.

Purpose: To commemorate 250th anniversary of Landing of Pilgrims.

Organization: Celebration sponsored and staged by Pilgrim Society, chartered 1819; Society organized "to...honor...memory of...Pilgrim Fathers,...to procure...suitable lot for erection of a monument" to their "virtues, enterprise and unparalleled sufferings." (See also Part I, National Monument to the Forefathers, Undated--Circa 1889). First meeting held May 18, 1820; on first Forefathers Day celebration, Dec. 21, 1820, Daniel Webster was principal speaker.

Pilgrim Hall, operated by Society, built 1824; later remodeled. Here are preserved history and records, personal and household property of Pilgrims--English, Scotch and Dutch Puritans, 102 in number--who landed from Mayflower Dec. 21, 1620 on Massachusetts coast, north of Cape Cod. Extension of term now includes any early Puritan settlers in New England. Society's financial support provided by 300 Life and Annual Members and by "generous gifts and subscriptions."

Site, Date: Church of First Parish and elsewhere in Plymouth; Dec. 21, 1870.

Comment: Invitations to celebration were issued over wide area "to the most distinguished people." Two special trains of guests were met by procession; conducted to Memorial Service at Church of First Parish, Town Square, to hear "oration" by U.S. Senator C. Winthrop. Dinner served to 900 in new railway station, tracks being boarded over to provide facilities; Ball held in Davis Hall attended by about "400 ladies and gentlemen."

Medals: Extensive research fails to establish exact origin of issue. Names of A. C. Warren and Jarvis E. Ellis, both then Members of Pilgrim Society, appear on Medal; probably was designed by former and engraved by latter ("J. E. Ellis • F •"); struck by Scovill Manufacturing Co, Waterbury, CT; copies presented to officials and guests at celebration. Silver specimen is in possession of Pilgrim Society. Medal is rare in all metals.
Slot: HK-015 MS 64 PL
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES PLYMOUTH, MA. 1870
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL
Item Description: BRASS SC$1 1870 MA HK-15 PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL HK-15
Grade: NGC MS 64 PL
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
ONLY (3) MS 65'S AND (1) MS 66 FINER IN PL IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 9/2020. PURCHASED FROM JEFF SHEVLIN AT ANA SHOW IN DALLAS, TX 2016.

A MS64 NON-PROOFLIKE EXAMPLE SOLD FOR $431.00 IN THE OSTHEIMER SEALED BID AUCTION 2011.

HK-15A IS GILT, HK-15 IS BRASS PER THE SO-CALLED DOLLAR BOOK, BUT NOW IT IS THOUGHT THAT NONE OF THESE MEDALS ARE MADE OF BRASS. THE HK-15 AND HK-15A TYPES ARE NOW BELIEVED TO ALL BE GILT COPPER, AND THAT NO TRUE BRASS SPECIMENS OF THIS MEDAL TYPE EXIST PER A NGC ARTICLE DATED 2/12/2019.

PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL 1870, PLYMOUTH, MA.

Purpose: To commemorate 250th anniversary of Landing of Pilgrims.

Organization: Celebration sponsored and staged by Pilgrim Society, chartered 1819; Society organized "to...honor...memory of...Pilgrim Fathers,...to procure...suitable lot for erection of a monument" to their "virtues, enterprise and unparalleled sufferings." (See also Part I, National Monument to the Forefathers, Undated--Circa 1889). First meeting held May 18, 1820; on first Forefathers Day celebration, Dec. 21, 1820, Daniel Webster was principal speaker.

Pilgrim Hall, operated by Society, built 1824; later remodeled. Here are preserved history and records, personal and household property of Pilgrims--English, Scotch and Dutch Puritans, 102 in number--who landed from Mayflower Dec. 21, 1620 on Massachusetts coast, north of Cape Cod. Extension of term now includes any early Puritan settlers in New England. Society's financial support provided by 300 Life and Annual Members and by "generous gifts and subscriptions."

Site, Date: Church of First Parish and elsewhere in Plymouth; Dec. 21, 1870.

Comment: Invitations to celebration were issued over wide area "to the most distinguished people." Two special trains of guests were met by procession; conducted to Memorial Service at Church of First Parish, Town Square, to hear "oration" by U.S. Senator C. Winthrop. Dinner served to 900 in new railway station, tracks being boarded over to provide facilities; Ball held in Davis Hall attended by about "400 ladies and gentlemen."

Medals: Extensive research fails to establish exact origin of issue. Names of A. C. Warren and Jarvis E. Ellis, both then Members of Pilgrim Society, appear on Medal; probably was designed by former and engraved by latter ("J. E. Ellis • F •"); struck by Scovill Manufacturing Co, Waterbury, CT; copies presented to officials and guests at celebration. Silver specimen is in possession of Pilgrim Society. Medal is rare in all metals.
Slot: HK-015A MS 63
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES PLYMOUTH, MA. 1870
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL
Item Description: GILT SC$1 1870 MA HK-15A PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL GILT HK-15A
Grade: NGC MS 63
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
THERE ARE ONLY (16) OF THIS TYPE LISTED IN THE NGC CENSUS AS OF 9/2020. THIS TYPE IS NOT LISTED IN THE SO-CALLED DOLLAR BOOK.

THIS TYPE HK-15A IS GILT. HK-15 IS LISTED AS BRASS PER THE SO-CALLED DOLLAR BOOK, BUT NOW IT IS THOUGHT THAT NONE OF THESE MEDALS ARE MADE OF BRASS. THE HK-15 AND HK-15A TYPES ARE NOW BELIEVED TO ALL BE GILT COPPER, AND THAT NO TRUE BRASS SPECIMENS OF THIS MEDAL TYPE EXIST.

PILGRIM JUBILEE MEMORIAL 1870, PLYMOUTH, MA.

Purpose: To commemorate 250th anniversary of Landing of Pilgrims.

Organization: Celebration sponsored and staged by Pilgrim Society, chartered 1819; Society organized "to...honor...memory of...Pilgrim Fathers,...to procure...suitable lot for erection of a monument" to their "virtues, enterprise and unparalleled sufferings." (See also Part I, National Monument to the Forefathers, Undated--Circa 1889). First meeting held May 18, 1820; on first Forefathers Day celebration, Dec. 21, 1820, Daniel Webster was principal speaker.

Pilgrim Hall, operated by Society, built 1824; later remodeled. Here are preserved history and records, personal and household property of Pilgrims--English, Scotch and Dutch Puritans, 102 in number--who landed from Mayflower Dec. 21, 1620 on Massachusetts coast, north of Cape Cod. Extension of term now includes any early Puritan settlers in New England. Society's financial support provided by 300 Life and Annual Members and by "generous gifts and subscriptions."

Site, Date: Church of First Parish and elsewhere in Plymouth; Dec. 21, 1870.

Comment: Invitations to celebration were issued over wide area "to the most distinguished people." Two special trains of guests were met by procession; conducted to Memorial Service at Church of First Parish, Town Square, to hear "oration" by U.S. Senator C. Winthrop. Dinner served to 900 in new railway station, tracks being boarded over to provide facilities; Ball held in Davis Hall attended by about "400 ladies and gentlemen."

Medals: Extensive research fails to establish exact origin of issue. Names of A. C. Warren and Jarvis E. Ellis, both then Members of Pilgrim Society, appear on Medal; probably was designed by former and engraved by latter ("J. E. Ellis • F •"); struck by Scovill Manufacturing Co, Waterbury, CT; copies presented to officials and guests at celebration. Silver specimen is in possession of Pilgrim Society. Medal is rare in all metals.
Slot: HK-017 PF 64 BN THICK
Origin/Country: UNITED STATES LEXINGTON, MA 1875
Design Description: SO-CALLED DOLLARS - HIBLER & KAPPEN REVOLUTIONARY WAR BATTLE OF LEXINGTON
Item Description: BRONZE SC$1 1875 MA HK-17 BATTLE OF LEXINGTON HK-17
Grade: NGC PF 64 BN
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
ONLY (2) PF 65'S FINER OF ONLY (5) PROOFS IN THE NGC CENSUS OF THIS TYPE AS OF 10/2019.

THE GRADED PROOFS HAVE NOW BEEN REMOVED FROM THE NGC CENSUS FOR SOME REASON. WHEN I PUT THE GRADING # IN THE "VERIFY NGC CERTIFICATION" PAGE, IT NOW SHOWS THIS MEDAL AS A MS 64 BN. THIS HAS HAPPENED SOMETIME BETWEEN OCTOBER 2019 AND MAY 2020.

ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF THIS TYPE IN MS 65 BN WAS SOLD BY STACKS BOWERS IN 2013 FOR $763.75. A PCGS GRADED PF 64 EXAMPLE WAS SOLD BY STACKS BOWERS FOR $660.00 IN 2020.

Beautiful crimson-copper surfaces are boldly defined with an overall smooth texture. One of just 200 examples of the type produced in bronze.
Provenance: From the Collections of The Strong, Rochester, New York; sold to benefit the museum’s collections fund; originally collected by John Charles Woodbury (1859-1937).

BATTLE OF LEXINGTON CENTENNIAL 1875 LEXINGTON, MA.

Purpose: To celebrate 100th anniversary of Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775, which marked beginning of Revolutionary War; to dedicate permanent memorial to that event.

Organization: Centennial Committee organized early 1873 with objective of making celebration "national in character"; functioned also as auxiliary of Lexington Monument Association, chartered 1850. Latter had erected Memorial Hall, placed there marble statues of Minute Man and Union Soldier, with niches left vacant for statues of Samuel Adams and John Hancock, both present at battle. Committee commissioned American sculptors Martin Milmore and Thomas R. Gould, residing in Italy, to carve latter statues in Carrara marble, to be unveiled at centennial. Town of Concord invited to join in celebration but declined as it planned centennial of its own. Event financed largely by private contributions.

Sites, Dates, Attendance: Center of town, called "common," April 18-19, 1875; attendance about 100,000, "overwhelmed" capacities of small farming village of fewer than 2,300.

Comment: Memorial service held 7 P.M., April 18, in town hall. Next morning, following 100-gun salute, ceremonies began in 7,000-capacity tent; included oratory, recitation by John Greenleaf Whittier of his poem, written for occasion, "Lexington--1775" and later parade. In reviewing stand were President Grant, Vice President Wilson, members of Cabinet, governors of other states and many public officials. Historic sites were marked; most homes decorated. Centennial Banquet held in second tent, seating 3,500. Bitter cold, insufficient food and inadequate transportation facilities caused much discomfort. Town forced to call for Boston police to control crowd; 40 men assigned. Lexington and Concord celebrations were first in series; climax was 1876 U.S. Centennial Exposition, Philadelphia.

Medals: Official Medals below authorized by 43rd Congress; dies by Henry Mitchell, Boston; from design by Rev. Edward Griffin Porter, Lexington; struck at Philadelphia Mint. Only 4 Gold medals struck, sold for $30; Silver sold for $3; Bronze for $1; White Metal for $1.50 unpierced, 50 cents pierced. Entire issue quite limited.
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