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George Washington Spielmarke Exonumia (1860)

Category:  Token & Medals
Owner:  jtbundy
Last Modified:  5/7/2021
Set Description
Spielmarken have been used as game counters and card counters, essentially the poker chip of years gone by. Most of these in this collection are from the dies of Christian Lauer and based on the engraving of George Washington by George Jakob Felsing. This particular engraving was from 1824 and based on an earlier portrait by his teacher Guiseppe Longhi. See the first two selections below for more information about Felsing, Longhi and their work.

These game counters began to appear in auction in 1860, although Neil Musante writes that they were produced before and after this date.

On these game counters are several words that need further explanation.
Spiel Marke translates from German as game chip
Spiel Munze translates from German as game coin
In Unitate Fortudo translates from Latin as Strength in Unity

Other common themes from this series includes the liberty head or German Imperial eagle with or without a shield on the reverse. There are a couple of store cards for Strassburger & Nuhn and George Doll & Company.

Set Goals
Collecting a set of game counters from Neil Musante’s Medallic Washington which are attributed to Ludwig Christian Lauer (1817-1873).

According to Glasgow Museums*, Christian Lauer "was a leading 19th-century German manufacturer of medals, tokens, play money and related products... a medal maker in Nuremberg, Germany. He began his business in 1848. He expanded his business and in 1860 renamed it ‘coin mint L. Chr. Lauer’. He died in 1873 and the company continued under the supervision of his wife and three sons."

*http://collections.glasgowmuseums.com/mwebcgi/mweb?request=record;id=73442;type=701

Slot Name
Origin/Country
Item Description
Full Grade
Owner Comments
Pics
View Coin GW-428 Baker-531 UNITED STATES 1860 BRASS (c.1860) GW-428 GEORGE DOLL & CO. GW-428 NGC XF 45 Giuseppe Longhi (1766-1831) published this line engraving in Padua, 1817. One line engraving recently described was 9 1/2 X 7 inches in size. His student was Jakob Felsing who used this image to create his engraving which was then used by Christian Lauer when making his dies.

The drawing is an image of Giuseppe Longhi.
View Coin GW-413 Baker-606 UNITED STATES 1824 BRASS (c.1860) GW-413 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC XF Details Here you can see the masterful engraving by George Jakob Felsing from 1824. The engraving is based on the work by Felsing’s teacher Giuseppe Longhi. As you can see from the close up of his eye, the engraving is very detailed with darker tones on the right of the face allowing a more 3-dimensional interpretation of his engraving.

Jakob Felsing lived from 1802-1883. He was a German engraver who studied in Milan Italy. He became a professor at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze before moving back to Germany in 1832.
View Coin GW-402 Baker-595 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-402 WASHINGTON, SHORT BUST COMP. S. MARKE NGC MS 64
View Coin GW-402 Baker-595 UNITED STATES 1860 BRASS (c.1860) GW-402 WASHINGTON, SHORT BUST COMP. S. MARKE GW-402 NGC AU 50
View Coin GW-404 Baker-600 UNITED STATES 1860 BRASS (c.1860) GW-404 WASHINGTON, SHORT BUST SP. MARKE GW-404 NGC AU Details
View Coin GW-405 UNITED STATES 1860 BRASS (c.1860) GW-405 WASHINGTON, SHORT BUST COMPOS. SPIEL MUNZE NGC AU Details
View Coin GW-405 Baker-601 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-405 WASHINGTON, SHORT BUST COMPOS. SPIEL MUNZE NGC AU 58
View Coin GW-405 Baker-601 UNITED STATES 1860 BRASS (c.1860) GW-405 WASHINGTON, SHORT BUST COMPOS. SPIEL MUNZE GW-405 NGC XF Details
View Coin GW-406 Baker-604 UNITED STATES 1860 BRASS (c.1860) GW-406 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST COMPOSITIONS SPIEL-MARKE GW-406 NGC AU 50
View Coin GW-407 Baker-605 UNITED STATES (1860) Brass BRASS (c.1860) GW-407 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST COMPOSITIONS SPIEL-MARKE GW-407 NGC MS 65 BRASS WASHINGTON, LONG BUST COMPOSITIONS SPIEL-MARKE
View Coin GW-408 Baker-598 UNITED STATES 27mm (c.1860) B-598 GEORGE WASHINGTON, TYPE 2 COMPOSITIONS SPIEL-MARKE NGC MS 61
View Coin GW-408 Baker-598 UNITED STATES 27mm (c.1860) B-598 GEORGE WASHINGTON, TYPE 2 COMPOSITIONS SPIEL-MARKE NGC AU Details
View Coin GW-408 Baker-598 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-408 WASHINGTON, SHORT BUST COMPOSITIONS SPIEL-MARKE NGC AU 58
View Coin GW-410 Baker-602 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-410 WASHINGTON, SHORT BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC AU 53
View Coin   UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-411 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC AG Details
View Coin GW-411 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-411 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC XF 45
View Coin GW-411 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-411 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC AU Details
View Coin GW-412 UNITED STATES Brass BRASS (c.1860) GW-412 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO GW-412 NGC UNC Details WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO
View Coin GW-413 Baker-606 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-413 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC AU 55
View Coin GW-413 Baker-606 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-413 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC MS 61
View Coin GW-413 Baker-606 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-413 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC AU 58
View Coin GW-413 Baker-606 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-413 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC AU 55
View Coin GW-413 Baker-606 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-413 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC MS 62
View Coin GW-414 Baker-607 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-414 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST IN UNITATE FORTITUDO NGC AU 58
View Coin GW-415 Baker-608 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-415 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST SPIELMARKE NGC AU 58
View Coin GW-415 Baker-608 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-415 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST SPIELMARKE NGC AU 58
View Coin GW-416 Baker-603 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-416 WASHINGTON, SHORT BUST COMPOSITIONS-SPIEL-MARKE NGC AU Details
View Coin   UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-421 WASHINGTON - SPIEL MARKE NGC AU 58
View Coin GW-424 Baker-628 UNITED STATES 1860 BRASS (c.1860) GW-424 WASHINGTON, SHORT BUST CITY HALL, NEW YORK GW-424 NGC AU 58
View Coin GW-425 Baker-629 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-425 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST CITY HALL, NEW YORK NGC MS 64
View Coin GW-425 Baker-629 UNITED STATES 1860 BRASS (c.1860) GW-425 WASHINGTON, LONG BUST CITY HALL, NEW YORK GW-425 NGC AU 58
View Coin GW-427 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-427 STRASSBURGER & NUHN 2nd OBVERSE NGC UNC Details
View Coin GW-428 Baker-531 UNITED STATES 1860 BRASS (c.1860) GW-428 GEORGE DOLL & CO. GW-428 NGC MS 62
View Coin GW-430 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-430 LAUER, AWARD MEDAL NGC VF 20
View Coin GW-430 Baker-358 UNITED STATES BRASS (c.1860) GW-430 LAUER, AWARD MEDAL GW-430 PCGS MS 63
View Coin B-608C Kurth 38 UNITED STATES 1860 Brass 18mm (c.1860) B-608C GEORGE WASHINGTON, TYPE 1 SPIEL MARKE Baker 608C NGC MS 63 Rarity 8

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