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Commonwealth of the Philippines Complete

Owner:  JAA
Last Modified:  1/13/2018
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Slot: 1936
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: BRONZE 1C 1936 M USA-PHIL KM-163
Grade: NGC MS 65 RD
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Mintage: 17,455,000
Composition: Bronze
Weight: 4.7000g

Nice Full RED as from the Mint

NGC Population: 3/6
PCGS Population: 11/5
Combined NGC/PCGS Population : 14/11
Slot:
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: SILVER 50C 1936 M USA-PHIL MURPHY-QUEZON KM-176
Grade: NGC MS 66
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Mintage: 20,000
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 10.0000g (154.32 grains)
ASW: 0.2411oz
Diameter: 27.5mm

In 1936 the Manila Mint produced a set of three coins to commemorate the founding of the Commonwealth Of The Philippines on November 15,1935. The set consisted of a Fifty Centavos, and two One Peso Coins. The coins were designed by Ambrosio Morales, a Professor of Fine Arts at the University of the Philippines. The two commemorative Pesos were struck in .800 fineness silver. The Fifty Centavos was struck in .750 fineness silver. The three coin set had a face value of 2.5 Pesos, equal to $1.25 in U.S. Dollars, and sold for $3.13.

The obverse design of the Murphy-Quezon Fifty Centavos features portraits of the first Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon and U.S. Governor General Frank Murphy. The reverse design depicts the official seal of "The Commonwealth of the Philippines". The actual number of existing Murphy-Quezon Fifty Centavos is far less than the mintage figures would suggest as many of these coins were crated and thrown into Manila Bay, near Corregidor, in 1942 to avoid seizure by the invading forces of Japan.

This beautifully toned, well struck specimen is tied for the finest certified by NGC and PCGS.

NGC Population: 5/0
PCGS Population: 1/0

Slot:
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY COMMONWEALTH COMMEMORATIVE
Item Description: SILVER PESO 1936 M USA-PHIL MURPHY-QUEZON KM-178
Grade: NGC MS 66
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Mint: Manila
Mint Mark "M"
Mintage: 10,000
Designer: Ambrocio Morales
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.8000
Weight: 20.0000g
ASW: 0.5144oz
Diameter: 35mm

In 1936 the Manila Mint produced a set of three coins to commemorate the founding of the Commonwealth Of The Philippines on November 15,1935. The set consisted of a Fifty Centavos, and two One Peso Coins. The coins were designed by Ambrosio Morales, a Professor of Fine Arts at the University of the Philippines. The two commemorative Pesos were struck in .800 fineness silver. The Fifty Centavos was struck in .750 fineness silver. The three coin set had a face value of 2.5 Pesos, equal to $1.25 in U.S. Dollars, and sold for $3.13.

The obverse design of the Murphy-Quezon Peso features portraits of the first Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon and U.S. Governor General Frank Murphy. The reverse design depicts the official seal of "The Commonwealth of the Philippines".

The Mintage of the 1936M Murphy-Quezon Peso was 10,000 coins, however, the actual number of existing coins is far less as many of these coins were crated and thrown into Manila Bay, near Corregidor, in 1942 to avoid seizure by the invading forces of Japan.

This beautifull Premium Gem is boldly struck and fully brilliant.

NGC Population: 33/6 (11/25/2020)
PCGS Population: 27/6 (11/25/2020)
Combined NGC/PCGS Population: 50/12 (11/25/2020)
Slot:
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: SILVER PESO 1936 M USA-PHIL ROOSEVELT-QUEZON KM-177
Grade: NGC MS 67
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Mint: Manila
Mint Mark "M"
Mintage: 10,000
Designer: Ambrocio Morales
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.8000
Weight: 20.0000g
ASW: 0.5144oz
Diameter: 35mm

In 1936 the Manila Mint produced a set of three coins to commemorate the founding of the Commonwealth Of The Philippines on November 15,1935. The set consisted of a Fifty Centavos, and two One Peso Coins. The coins were designed by Ambrosio Morales, a Professor of Fine Arts at the University of the Philippines. The two commemorative Pesos were struck in .800 fineness silver. The Fifty Centavos was struck in .750 fineness silver. The three coin set had a face value of 2.5 Pesos, equal to $1.25 in U.S. Dollars, and sold for $3.13.

The obverse design of the Roosevelt-Quezon Peso features portraits of the first Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This was the second appearance of a living U.S. President on a coin issued by the United States. The other was on the U.S. Sesquicentennial commemorative Half Dollar issued in 1926 on which living President Calvin Coolidge was portrayed.

The reverse design of the Roosevelt-Quezon Peso depicts the official seal of "The Commonwealth of the Philippines".
Design elements of the Commonwealth Reverse incorporate the rich history of the Philippines. The eagle perched atop the shield, of course, represents the United States. The shield used was an adaptation of a design used for the official seal of The Government of the Philippine Islands which appeared on Philippine paper money starting in 1905 (Allen 2008). The three stars at the top of the shield represent the three main geographical regions of the Philippines: Luzon, Mindanao, and the Visayas. The lettering on the Scroll beneath the shield reads Commonwealth of the Philippines. The oval in the center of the shield depicts a modification of the Coat of Arms of the City of Manila which dates to 1596.

On the 20th of March, 1596 King Philip The II bestowed upon the ensigne y siempre leal City of Manila a Coat of Arms such as is possessed by other cities of the Indies. It shall consist of a shield which shall have in its upper part a golden castle on a red field closed by blue doors and windows and which shall be surmounted by a crown and on the lower half on a blue field, a half lion and half dolphin of silver armed and langued gules (red nails and tongue). The said lion shall hold in his paws a sword with guards and hilt. (Royal Edict of March 20, 1596 as quoted in Perez 1946 and 1975)

If you look at the attached picture, you can clearly see the castle surmounted by a crown and the half lion-half dolphin holding a sword with guards and hilt in his paws.

The mintage of the 1936M Roosevelt-Quezon Peso was 10,000 coins, however, the actual number of existing coins is far less as many of these coins were crated and thrown into Manila Bay, near Corregidor, in 1942 to avoid seizure by the invading forces of Japan.

This "Top Pop" "Superb Gem" is among the finest known examples of the Roosevelt-Quezon Peso. NGC has graded only seven (7) specimens in the lofty grade of MS67 with none graded higher. PCGS has graded only eight (8) specimens in MS67 with none graded higher. This hauntingly gorgeous specimen is boldly struck and exhibits a deep tone comprised of cobalt, russet, and deep burgundy.

NGC PHOTO PROOF STATEMENT REGARDING THIS SPECIMEN
"Filipino sculptor Ambrosio Morales created the models for this commemorative coin issued to mark the Philippines' new status as a commonwealth. Part of a three-coin set, this entry features overlapping portraits of USA President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Philippines President Manuel Quezon. It was coined at the Manila Mint, whose mark is at 7 o'clock reverse. This lovely gem is well struck overall, with very bright and satiny luster. Overlaying this is splendid toning of amber, magenta and azure. Only the tiniest of marks are seen, and the quality of this specimen is superb. NGC has certified just seven others at this grade and none finer (4-18)."

NGC Population: 7/0 (11/25/2020)
PCGS Population: 8/0 (11/25/2020)
Combined NGC/PCGS Population: 15/0 (11/25/2020)

References:
U.S./Philippine Coins, 6th Edition, 2008, by Lyman L. Allen
The Copper Coinage of the Philippines by Dr. Gilbert S. Perez, first published in the Coin Collectors Journal, Sept-October 1946 and reprinted in Philippine Numismatic Monographs Number 19 in 1975.
Slot: 1937
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY COMMONWEALTH REVERSE
Item Description: BRONZE 1C 1937 M USA-PHIL KM-179
Grade: NGC MS 65 RD
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Specifications: (1937 through 1941) Bronze (95% copper, 5% zinc and tin), 80 Grains, 24 mm; (1944) Bronze (95% copper, 5% zinc), 80 Grains, 24 mm.

The One Centavos of 1937 through 1944 continue the same obverse design common to all Phillipine base medal coins from 1903 through 1936. In 1937 the reverse design of all US/Philippine coins were changed to reflect the new status for the Philippines as a Commonwealth of the United States. A smaller eagle was used, now perched atop a smaller shield with a banner below it inscribed "Commonwealth of the Philippines." The shield used was an adaptation of a design used for the official seal of "The Government of the Philippine Islands" which appeared on Philippine paper money starting in 1905.

The One Centavos of 1937 through 1941 were minted at the Manila Mint. During the 1942 through 1944 Japanese occupation of the Philippines nearly all coins disappeared from circulation, and most daily commerce was conducted with low denomination paper currency printed by Guerrilla military units, local municipalities, or Military and Civilian Currency Boards authorized by General MacArthur or the Commonwealth government-in-exile under President Quezon.

When American forces liberated the Philippines in 1944 - 1945 they brought with them Fifty Eight Million 1944 One Centavo coins minted at the San Francisco Mint.

The 1937 One Centavo had a mintage of 15,790,000. The NGC population for the 1937 M One Centavo in MS65 Red is 8 coins with only 3 specimens graded higher. The combined NGC/PCGS certified population of the 1937 M One Centavo in MS65 Red is 14 coins with 9 specimens graded higher (12/01/2013). This specimen is a brilliant, well struck GEM.
Slot:
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY COMMONWEALTH REVERSE
Item Description: COPPER-NICKEL 5C 1937 M USA-PHIL KM-180
Grade: PCGS MS 65
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
The Five Centavos of 1937 through 1945 continued the same obverse design used on the 1903 through 1935 Five Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945.

Five Centavos were made at the Manila Mint in 1937, 1938 and 1941; at the Philadelphia Mint in 1944; and the San Francisco Mint in 1944 and 1945. Pre-war coins struck at the Manila Mint have the same size (19 mm) and Copper-Nickel composition as the 1930 through 1935 Five Centavos but a slightly increased weight (75.16 Grains, 4.8000 Grams). During World War ll copper and nickel were strategic metals needed for the war effort. This resulted in the adoption of a copper-nickel-zink alloy for the 1944 and 1945 Five Centavos. The new alloy was 65% copper, 23% zink, and 12% nickel. The 1944 and 1945 Five Centavos had a weight of 4.92 Grams.

The 1937 M Five Centavos had a mintage of 2,494,000. The NGC population for this coin in MS65 is five coins with only three specimens graded higher. The combined NGC/PCGS certified population for the 1937 M Five Centavos in MS65 is 13 coins with 7 specimens graded higher.

This specimen has some very unusual strike characteristics:

The obverse has a lose of detail on the right side of the volcano, and the left side of the pedestal which is typical 1937-1941 Five Centavos. There is also three prominent Laminations (Mint Errors) on the rim running from 12 oclock to 5 oclock. The laminations are highly raised with boldly struck dentils. When viewed in person the laminations are also far more prominent and interesting than in the pictures.

The reverse has sharply struck center details but has a great lack of rim sharpness. The Castle with Crown, and Half Lion/Half Dolphin in the central devise is the sharpest I have ever seen on a pre-war Commonwealth Five Centavos and all of the lettering on the scroll is readable. In contrast the inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is extremely weakly struck particularily the top parts of the lettering closest to the rim and the M mint mark is barely visible.

Although it does not show up in the photos this coin has exceptional eye appeal. In fact this specimen has the best eye appeal of any business strike Five Centavos that I have ever seen. The fields are Proof Like with iridescent rainbow toning. When you look at this coin face on it appears to be Gold Toned. However when you turn the coin to view it from different angles the colors change like in a hologram reveling beautiful shades of gold, blue, and red.
Slot:
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY COMMONWEALTH REVERSE
Item Description: SILVER 10C 1937 M USA-PHIL KM-181
Grade: NGC MS 65
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
.750 silver, 2.0 Grams, 16.5 mm. The Ten Centavos of 1937 through 1945 continued the same obverse design used on the 1903 through 1935 Ten Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945. Ten Centavos were made at the Manila Mint from 1937 through 1941, and at the the Denver Mint in 1944 and 1945.

Manila was occupied by the Japanese from January 1942 until March 1945. The Mint of the Philippine Islands was located in the Intendencia Building which was constructed by the Spanish in 1876 to earthquick-proof specifucations. This made the mint building extremely strong and a natural fortress for the Japanese garrison of Manila which deployed strong defenses in and around the mint building. The mint's location on the south bank of the Pasig River just north of the the only gap in the thirty foot wide walls of the ancient walled fortress of the Intramuros placed it directly on the Allied axis of attack during the month long (February 3, 1945 - March 3, 1945) Battle of Manila. In the fierce fighting to liberate Manila from the Japanese much of the city, including the grand old Manila Mint, was destroyed. "The Battle for Manila occupies a unique place in the history of the Pacific War. It was the only occasion on which American and Japanese forces fought each other in a city and it was the largest battle of its kind yet fought by either the American or Japanese armies (Connaughton 1995)."

The 1937 M Ten Centavos had a mintage of 3,500,000. The NGC population of this coin in MS65 is four coins with only one specimen graded higher. The combined (NGC, PCGS,) cerftified population for the 1937 M Ten Centavos in MS65 is eight coins with only five specimens graded higher. This coin is a fully struck, brilliant, untoned GEM.
Slot:
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: SILVER 20C 1937 M USA-PHIL KM-182
Grade: PCGS MS 65
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Mintage: 2,665,000
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 4.0000g
ASW: 0.0964oz
Diameter: 20mm
Edge: Reeded

The Twenty Centavos of 1937 through 1945 was struck in the same size, weight, and silver fineness as the reduced size & weight Twenty Centavos of 1907 - 1929. The obverse used the same Melico Figueroa design that was used on the 1903 through 1929 Twenty Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945. Twenty Centavos were produced at the Manila Mint from 1937 through 1941, and at the Denver Mint in 1944 and 1945.

This specimen is a fully brilliant, lightly toned Gem.

NGC Population:2/2
PCGS Population: 10/1
Combined NGC/PCGS Population 12/3
Slot: 1938
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: BRONZE 1C 1938 M USA-PHIL KM-179
Grade: NGC MS 63 RB
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Mintage: 10,000,000
Composition: Bronze
Weight: 5.3000g
Diameter: 25mm
Slot:
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: COPPER-NICKEL 5C 1938 M USA-PHIL KM-180
Grade: PCGS MS 65
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Mintage: 4,000,000
Composition: Copper-Nickel
Weight: 4.8000g

PCGS Population: 10/1
NGC Population: 6/1
Combined NGC/PCGS Population:16/1
Slot:
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: SILVER 10C 1938 M USA-PHIL KM-181
Grade: NGC MS 65
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Mintage: 3,750,000
NGC Population 3/0
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 2.0000g
ASW: 0.0482oz
Diameter: 16.7mm
Edge: Reeded
Slot:
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY COMMONWEALTH REVERSE
Item Description: SILVER 20C 1938 M USA-PHIL KM-182
Grade: NGC MS 65
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
750 Silver, 4.0 grams.

Obverse design same as 1920 - 1929 Twenty Centavos coin. Reverse design same as Commonwealth One Centavo, Five Centavos, Ten Centavos and Fifty Centavos coins.

The 1938-M Twenty Centavos in MS65 has an NGC population of four coins with only two specimens graded higher. The combined (NGC, PCGS, ANACS) population for this coin in MS65 is 11 coins with 5 specimens graded higher. This specimen is a brilliant fully struck GEM.
Slot: 1939
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: BRONZE 1C 1939 M USA-PHIL KM-179
Grade: PCGS MS 64 RD
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Bronze, 80 grains.
Obverse design same as 1920 - 1936 One Centavo. Reverse design depicts a smaller eagle perched atop a smaller shield with a banner below it inscribed "Commonwealth of the Philippines" The shield used was an adaptation of a design used for the official seal of "The Government of the Philippine Islands. "United States of America was placed above, and the date was centered at the bottom.
Slot: 1940
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: BRONZE 1C 1940 M USA-PHIL KM-179
Grade: PCGS MS 64 RD
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Specifications:Bronze (95% copper, 5% zinc and tin), 80 Grains, 24mm.

Mintage: 4,000,000

NGC Population: 3/4
PCGS Population: 20/22
Slot: 1941
Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: BRONZE 1C 1941 M USA-PHIL KM-179
Grade: NGC MS 65 RB
Research: View Coin
Owner Comments
Mintage: 5,000,000
Composition: Bronze
Weight: 5.3000g
Diameter: 25mm

NGC Population: 2/1
PCGS Population: 4/0
Combined NGC/PCGS Population: 6/1
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