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Commonwealth of the Philippines Complete

Owner:  JAA
Last Modified:  1/13/2018


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View Coin 1936 United States BRONZE 1C 1936 M USA-PHIL KM-163 NGC MS 65 RD Mintage: 17,455,000
Composition: Bronze
Weight: 4.7000g

Nice Full RED as from the Mint

NGC Population: 3/6
PCGS Population: 11/5
Combined NGC/PCGS Population : 14/11
View Coin   United States SILVER 50C 1936 M USA-PHIL MURPHY-QUEZON KM-176 NGC MS 66 Mintage: 20,000
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 10.0000g (154.32 grains)
ASW: 0.2411oz
Diameter: 27.5mm

In 1936 the Manila Mint produced a set of three coins to commemorate the founding of the Commonwealth Of The Philippines on November 15,1935. The set consisted of a Fifty Centavos, and two One Peso Coins. The coins were designed by Ambrosio Morales, a Professor of Fine Arts at the University of the Philippines. The two commemorative Pesos were struck in .800 fineness silver. The Fifty Centavos was struck in .750 fineness silver. The three coin set had a face value of 2.5 Pesos, equal to $1.25 in U.S. Dollars, and sold for $3.13.

The obverse design of the Murphy-Quezon Fifty Centavos features portraits of the first Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon and U.S. Governor General Frank Murphy. The reverse design depicts the official seal of "The Commonwealth of the Philippines". The actual number of existing Murphy-Quezon Fifty Centavos is far less than the mintage figures would suggest as many of these coins were crated and thrown into Manila Bay, near Corregidor, in 1942 to avoid seizure by the invading forces of Japan.

This beautifully toned, well struck specimen is tied for the finest certified by NGC and PCGS.

NGC Population: 5/0
PCGS Population: 1/0

View Coin   United States SILVER PESO 1936 M USA-PHIL MURPHY-QUEZON KM-178 NGC MS 66 Mint: Manila
Mint Mark "M"
Mintage: 10,000
Designer: Ambrocio Morales
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.8000
Weight: 20.0000g
ASW: 0.5144oz
Diameter: 35mm

In 1936 the Manila Mint produced a set of three coins to commemorate the founding of the Commonwealth Of The Philippines on November 15,1935. The set consisted of a Fifty Centavos, and two One Peso Coins. The coins were designed by Ambrosio Morales, a Professor of Fine Arts at the University of the Philippines. The two commemorative Pesos were struck in .800 fineness silver. The Fifty Centavos was struck in .750 fineness silver. The three coin set had a face value of 2.5 Pesos, equal to $1.25 in U.S. Dollars, and sold for $3.13.

The obverse design of the Murphy-Quezon Peso features portraits of the first Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon and U.S. Governor General Frank Murphy. The reverse design depicts the official seal of "The Commonwealth of the Philippines".

The Mintage of the 1936M Murphy-Quezon Peso was 10,000 coins, however, the actual number of existing coins is far less as many of these coins were crated and thrown into Manila Bay, near Corregidor, in 1942 to avoid seizure by the invading forces of Japan.

This beautifull Premium Gem is boldly struck and fully brilliant.

NGC Population: 33/6 (11/25/2020)
PCGS Population: 27/6 (11/25/2020)
Combined NGC/PCGS Population: 50/12 (11/25/2020)
View Coin   United States SILVER PESO 1936 M USA-PHIL ROOSEVELT-QUEZON KM-177 NGC MS 67 Mint: Manila
Mint Mark "M"
Mintage: 10,000
Designer: Ambrocio Morales
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.8000
Weight: 20.0000g
ASW: 0.5144oz
Diameter: 35mm

In 1936 the Manila Mint produced a set of three coins to commemorate the founding of the Commonwealth Of The Philippines on November 15,1935. The set consisted of a Fifty Centavos, and two One Peso Coins. The coins were designed by Ambrosio Morales, a Professor of Fine Arts at the University of the Philippines. The two commemorative Pesos were struck in .800 fineness silver. The Fifty Centavos was struck in .750 fineness silver. The three coin set had a face value of 2.5 Pesos, equal to $1.25 in U.S. Dollars, and sold for $3.13.

The obverse design of the Roosevelt-Quezon Peso features portraits of the first Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This was the second appearance of a living U.S. President on a coin issued by the United States. The other was on the U.S. Sesquicentennial commemorative Half Dollar issued in 1926 on which living President Calvin Coolidge was portrayed.

The reverse design of the Roosevelt-Quezon Peso depicts the official seal of "The Commonwealth of the Philippines".
Design elements of the Commonwealth Reverse incorporate the rich history of the Philippines. The eagle perched atop the shield, of course, represents the United States. The shield used was an adaptation of a design used for the official seal of The Government of the Philippine Islands which appeared on Philippine paper money starting in 1905 (Allen 2008). The three stars at the top of the shield represent the three main geographical regions of the Philippines: Luzon, Mindanao, and the Visayas. The lettering on the Scroll beneath the shield reads Commonwealth of the Philippines. The oval in the center of the shield depicts a modification of the Coat of Arms of the City of Manila which dates to 1596.

On the 20th of March, 1596 King Philip The II bestowed upon the ensigne y siempre leal City of Manila a Coat of Arms such as is possessed by other cities of the Indies. It shall consist of a shield which shall have in its upper part a golden castle on a red field closed by blue doors and windows and which shall be surmounted by a crown and on the lower half on a blue field, a half lion and half dolphin of silver armed and langued gules (red nails and tongue). The said lion shall hold in his paws a sword with guards and hilt. (Royal Edict of March 20, 1596 as quoted in Perez 1946 and 1975)

If you look at the attached picture, you can clearly see the castle surmounted by a crown and the half lion-half dolphin holding a sword with guards and hilt in his paws.

The mintage of the 1936M Roosevelt-Quezon Peso was 10,000 coins, however, the actual number of existing coins is far less as many of these coins were crated and thrown into Manila Bay, near Corregidor, in 1942 to avoid seizure by the invading forces of Japan.

This "Top Pop" "Superb Gem" is among the finest known examples of the Roosevelt-Quezon Peso. NGC has graded only seven (7) specimens in the lofty grade of MS67 with none graded higher. PCGS has graded only eight (8) specimens in MS67 with none graded higher. This hauntingly gorgeous specimen is boldly struck and exhibits a deep tone comprised of cobalt, russet, and deep burgundy.

NGC PHOTO PROOF STATEMENT REGARDING THIS SPECIMEN
"Filipino sculptor Ambrosio Morales created the models for this commemorative coin issued to mark the Philippines' new status as a commonwealth. Part of a three-coin set, this entry features overlapping portraits of USA President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Philippines President Manuel Quezon. It was coined at the Manila Mint, whose mark is at 7 o'clock reverse. This lovely gem is well struck overall, with very bright and satiny luster. Overlaying this is splendid toning of amber, magenta and azure. Only the tiniest of marks are seen, and the quality of this specimen is superb. NGC has certified just seven others at this grade and none finer (4-18)."

NGC Population: 7/0 (11/25/2020)
PCGS Population: 8/0 (11/25/2020)
Combined NGC/PCGS Population: 15/0 (11/25/2020)

References:
U.S./Philippine Coins, 6th Edition, 2008, by Lyman L. Allen
The Copper Coinage of the Philippines by Dr. Gilbert S. Perez, first published in the Coin Collectors Journal, Sept-October 1946 and reprinted in Philippine Numismatic Monographs Number 19 in 1975.
View Coin 1937 United States BRONZE 1C 1937 M USA-PHIL KM-179 NGC MS 65 RD Specifications: (1937 through 1941) Bronze (95% copper, 5% zinc and tin), 80 Grains, 24 mm; (1944) Bronze (95% copper, 5% zinc), 80 Grains, 24 mm.

The One Centavos of 1937 through 1944 continue the same obverse design common to all Phillipine base medal coins from 1903 through 1936. In 1937 the reverse design of all US/Philippine coins were changed to reflect the new status for the Philippines as a Commonwealth of the United States. A smaller eagle was used, now perched atop a smaller shield with a banner below it inscribed "Commonwealth of the Philippines." The shield used was an adaptation of a design used for the official seal of "The Government of the Philippine Islands" which appeared on Philippine paper money starting in 1905.

The One Centavos of 1937 through 1941 were minted at the Manila Mint. During the 1942 through 1944 Japanese occupation of the Philippines nearly all coins disappeared from circulation, and most daily commerce was conducted with low denomination paper currency printed by Guerrilla military units, local municipalities, or Military and Civilian Currency Boards authorized by General MacArthur or the Commonwealth government-in-exile under President Quezon.

When American forces liberated the Philippines in 1944 - 1945 they brought with them Fifty Eight Million 1944 One Centavo coins minted at the San Francisco Mint.

The 1937 One Centavo had a mintage of 15,790,000. The NGC population for the 1937 M One Centavo in MS65 Red is 8 coins with only 3 specimens graded higher. The combined NGC/PCGS certified population of the 1937 M One Centavo in MS65 Red is 14 coins with 9 specimens graded higher (12/01/2013). This specimen is a brilliant, well struck GEM.
View Coin   United States COPPER-NICKEL 5C 1937 M USA-PHIL KM-180 PCGS MS 65 The Five Centavos of 1937 through 1945 continued the same obverse design used on the 1903 through 1935 Five Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945.

Five Centavos were made at the Manila Mint in 1937, 1938 and 1941; at the Philadelphia Mint in 1944; and the San Francisco Mint in 1944 and 1945. Pre-war coins struck at the Manila Mint have the same size (19 mm) and Copper-Nickel composition as the 1930 through 1935 Five Centavos but a slightly increased weight (75.16 Grains, 4.8000 Grams). During World War ll copper and nickel were strategic metals needed for the war effort. This resulted in the adoption of a copper-nickel-zink alloy for the 1944 and 1945 Five Centavos. The new alloy was 65% copper, 23% zink, and 12% nickel. The 1944 and 1945 Five Centavos had a weight of 4.92 Grams.

The 1937 M Five Centavos had a mintage of 2,494,000. The NGC population for this coin in MS65 is five coins with only three specimens graded higher. The combined NGC/PCGS certified population for the 1937 M Five Centavos in MS65 is 13 coins with 7 specimens graded higher.

This specimen has some very unusual strike characteristics:

The obverse has a lose of detail on the right side of the volcano, and the left side of the pedestal which is typical 1937-1941 Five Centavos. There is also three prominent Laminations (Mint Errors) on the rim running from 12 oclock to 5 oclock. The laminations are highly raised with boldly struck dentils. When viewed in person the laminations are also far more prominent and interesting than in the pictures.

The reverse has sharply struck center details but has a great lack of rim sharpness. The Castle with Crown, and Half Lion/Half Dolphin in the central devise is the sharpest I have ever seen on a pre-war Commonwealth Five Centavos and all of the lettering on the scroll is readable. In contrast the inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is extremely weakly struck particularily the top parts of the lettering closest to the rim and the M mint mark is barely visible.

Although it does not show up in the photos this coin has exceptional eye appeal. In fact this specimen has the best eye appeal of any business strike Five Centavos that I have ever seen. The fields are Proof Like with iridescent rainbow toning. When you look at this coin face on it appears to be Gold Toned. However when you turn the coin to view it from different angles the colors change like in a hologram reveling beautiful shades of gold, blue, and red.
View Coin   United States SILVER 10C 1937 M USA-PHIL KM-181 NGC MS 65 .750 silver, 2.0 Grams, 16.5 mm. The Ten Centavos of 1937 through 1945 continued the same obverse design used on the 1903 through 1935 Ten Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945. Ten Centavos were made at the Manila Mint from 1937 through 1941, and at the the Denver Mint in 1944 and 1945.

Manila was occupied by the Japanese from January 1942 until March 1945. The Mint of the Philippine Islands was located in the Intendencia Building which was constructed by the Spanish in 1876 to earthquick-proof specifucations. This made the mint building extremely strong and a natural fortress for the Japanese garrison of Manila which deployed strong defenses in and around the mint building. The mint's location on the south bank of the Pasig River just north of the the only gap in the thirty foot wide walls of the ancient walled fortress of the Intramuros placed it directly on the Allied axis of attack during the month long (February 3, 1945 - March 3, 1945) Battle of Manila. In the fierce fighting to liberate Manila from the Japanese much of the city, including the grand old Manila Mint, was destroyed. "The Battle for Manila occupies a unique place in the history of the Pacific War. It was the only occasion on which American and Japanese forces fought each other in a city and it was the largest battle of its kind yet fought by either the American or Japanese armies (Connaughton 1995)."

The 1937 M Ten Centavos had a mintage of 3,500,000. The NGC population of this coin in MS65 is four coins with only one specimen graded higher. The combined (NGC, PCGS,) cerftified population for the 1937 M Ten Centavos in MS65 is eight coins with only five specimens graded higher. This coin is a fully struck, brilliant, untoned GEM.
View Coin   United States SILVER 20C 1937 M USA-PHIL KM-182 PCGS MS 65 Mintage: 2,665,000
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 4.0000g
ASW: 0.0964oz
Diameter: 20mm
Edge: Reeded

The Twenty Centavos of 1937 through 1945 was struck in the same size, weight, and silver fineness as the reduced size & weight Twenty Centavos of 1907 - 1929. The obverse used the same Melico Figueroa design that was used on the 1903 through 1929 Twenty Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945. Twenty Centavos were produced at the Manila Mint from 1937 through 1941, and at the Denver Mint in 1944 and 1945.

This specimen is a fully brilliant, lightly toned Gem.

NGC Population:2/2
PCGS Population: 10/1
Combined NGC/PCGS Population 12/3
View Coin 1938 United States BRONZE 1C 1938 M USA-PHIL KM-179 NGC MS 63 RB Mintage: 10,000,000
Composition: Bronze
Weight: 5.3000g
Diameter: 25mm
View Coin   United States COPPER-NICKEL 5C 1938 M USA-PHIL KM-180 PCGS MS 65 Mintage: 4,000,000
Composition: Copper-Nickel
Weight: 4.8000g

PCGS Population: 10/1
NGC Population: 6/1
Combined NGC/PCGS Population:16/1
View Coin   United States SILVER 10C 1938 M USA-PHIL KM-181 NGC MS 65 Mintage: 3,750,000
NGC Population 3/0
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 2.0000g
ASW: 0.0482oz
Diameter: 16.7mm
Edge: Reeded
View Coin   United States SILVER 20C 1938 M USA-PHIL KM-182 NGC MS 65 750 Silver, 4.0 grams.

Obverse design same as 1920 - 1929 Twenty Centavos coin. Reverse design same as Commonwealth One Centavo, Five Centavos, Ten Centavos and Fifty Centavos coins.

The 1938-M Twenty Centavos in MS65 has an NGC population of four coins with only two specimens graded higher. The combined (NGC, PCGS, ANACS) population for this coin in MS65 is 11 coins with 5 specimens graded higher. This specimen is a brilliant fully struck GEM.
View Coin 1939 United States BRONZE 1C 1939 M USA-PHIL KM-179 PCGS MS 64 RD Bronze, 80 grains.
Obverse design same as 1920 - 1936 One Centavo. Reverse design depicts a smaller eagle perched atop a smaller shield with a banner below it inscribed "Commonwealth of the Philippines" The shield used was an adaptation of a design used for the official seal of "The Government of the Philippine Islands. "United States of America was placed above, and the date was centered at the bottom.
View Coin 1940 United States BRONZE 1C 1940 M USA-PHIL KM-179 PCGS MS 64 RD Specifications:Bronze (95% copper, 5% zinc and tin), 80 Grains, 24mm.

Mintage: 4,000,000

NGC Population: 3/4
PCGS Population: 20/22
View Coin 1941 United States BRONZE 1C 1941 M USA-PHIL KM-179 NGC MS 65 RB Mintage: 5,000,000
Composition: Bronze
Weight: 5.3000g
Diameter: 25mm

NGC Population: 2/1
PCGS Population: 4/0
Combined NGC/PCGS Population: 6/1
View Coin   United States COPPER-NICKEL 5C 1941 M USA-PHIL KM-180 NGC MS 64 The Five Centavos of 1937 through 1945 continued the same obverse design used on the 1903 through 1935 Five Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945.

In 1937 the reverse design of all US/Philippine coins were changed to reflect the new status for the Philippines as a Commonwealth of the United States. A smaller eagle was used, now perched atop a smaller shield with a banner below it inscribed "Commonwealth of the Philippines." The shield used was an adaptation of a design used for the official seal of "The Government of the Philippine Islands" which appeared on Philippine paper money starting in 1905.

Five Centavos were made at the Manila Mint in 1937, 1938 and 1941; at the Philadelphia Mint in 1944; and the San Francisco Mint in 1944 and 1945. Pre-war coins struck at the Manila Mint have the same size weight and composition as the 1930 through 1935 Five Centavos (Copper-Nickel, 75.16 Grains, 4.80 Grams,19 mm). During World War ll copper and nickel were strategic metals needed for the war effort. This resulted in the adoption of a copper-nickel-zink alloy for the 1944 and 1945 Five Centavos. The new alloy was 65% copper, 23% zink, and 12% nickel. The 1944 and 1945 Five Centavos had a weight of 4.92 Grams.

The 1941 M Five Centavos had a mintage of 2,750,000. The NGC population for this coin in MS64 is six coins with only one specimen graded higher. The combined NGC/PCGS certified population for the 1941 M Five Centavos in MS64 is 18 coins with only 7 specimens graded higher (12/01/2013).
View Coin   United States SILVER 10C 1941 M USA-PHIL KM-181 NGC MS 66 Mintage: 2,500,000
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 2.0000g (30.86 grains)
ASW: 0.0482oz
Diameter: 16.7 mm
Edge: Reeded
Mint Mark: M

The Ten Centavos of 1937 through 1941 continued the same obverse design that was used on the 1907 - 1935 Ten Centavos and was struck to the same specifications. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945.

In 1937 the reverse design of all US/Philippine coins were changed to reflect the new status for the Philippines as a Commonwealth of the United States. A smaller eagle was used, now perched atop a smaller shield with a banner below it inscribed "Commonwealth of the Philippines." The shield used was an adaptation of a design used for the official seal of "The Government of the Philippine Islands" which appeared on Philippine paper money starting in 1905.

The 1941 M Ten Centavos has a great deal of historical signifiance in that this coin was born on the eve of World War ll and was certainly among the last coins produced at the Manila Mint before the Japanese invaded the Philippines.

The NGC population for the 1941 M Ten Centavos in MS66 is twelve coins with only four specimens graded higher. The combined NGC/PCGS cerftified population is 23/5 (12/01/2013).

This specimen is a fully struck, brilliant, untoned SUBERB GEM.
View Coin   United States SILVER 20C 1941 M USA-PHIL KM-182 NGC MS 64 Mintage: 1,500,000
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 4.0000g (61.72 grains)
ASW: 0.0964oz
Diameter: 21 mm
Edge: Reeded
Mint Mark: M

The Twenty Centavos of 1937 through 1941 continued the same obverse design used on the 1907 through 1929 Twenty Centavos and was struck to the same specifications. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945.

In 1937 the reverse design of all US/Philippine coins were changed to reflect the new status for the Philippines as a Commonwealth of the United States. A smaller eagle was used, now perched atop a smaller shield with a banner below it inscribed "Commonwealth of the Philippines." The shield used was an adaptation of a design used for the official seal of "The Government of the Philippine Islands" which appeared on Philippine paper money starting in 1905.

This well struck specimen has Full Brilliance and Proof Like fields.

NGC Population: 8/7
PCGS Population: 18/6
Combined NGC/PCGS Population: 26/13 (12/01/2013)
View Coin 1944 United States BRASS (COPPER-ZINC) 1C 1944 S USA-PHIL Allen 3.06 KM-179 NGC MS 66 RD MS66 Red
View Coin   United States BRASS (COPPER-ZINC) 1C 1944 S DDR USA-PHIL ALLEN-3.06a Allen 3.06a PCGS MS 64 RD SPECIFICATIONS
Mint: San Francisco
Mint Mark: S
Mintage: 58,000,000 (All varieties)
Obverse Designer: Melicio Figueroa
Reverse Designer: Ambrosio Morales
Composition: Brass (Copper - Zinc)
Weight: 5.3000g
Diameter: 24mm
Edge: Plain

1944-S One Centavo DDO V2 (Allen 3.06a)

The Allen catalog of U.S. Philippine Coins recognizes four Die Varieties for this date:
1) 1944-S (Allen 3.06) The normal coin for this date.
2)1944-S Double Die Obverse (Allen 3.06a). This Double Die Variety shows doubling at "STATES OF".
3) 1944-S Double Die Obverse Variety #2 (Allen 3.06aa). This Double Die Variety "shows doubling of the letters IPPINES on the scroll and the scroll itself as well as the letters of AMERICA most noticeable at the M and C".
4) 1944-S Incomplete 4 (Allen 3.06b). This fairly common variety has the "base of the last 4 missing at the left side".

The Double Die variety (Allen 3.06a) "shows doubling at STATES OF. Some experts think this variety could be a case of strike doubling, others disagree and believe up to four dies were used to produce this type. One variety shows a die crack through the T of STATES and is valued at about 50% higher." (Allen 2007).

On this specimen the doubling is most prominent on the letters S, T, and E in STATES. Also note the die crack through the second T in STATES.

I purchased this coin from Cookie Jar Collectibles in October 2008 as an ANACS certified MS65 Red. Although I would have preferred to cross this coin over to either NGC or PCGS years ago neither NGC or PCGS were recognizing Allen Die Varieties for the 1944-S One Centavo in 2008 and NGC has done so only recently. I submitted this specimen to PCGS for crossover and Variety Attribution at the August 2014 ANA World's Fair of Money. PCGS certified the Allen 3.06a variety attribution by reduced the numerical grade to MS64 Red.
View Coin   United States BRASS (COPPER-ZINC) 1C 1944 S DDR USA-PHIL ALLEN-3.06aa Allen 3.06aa PCGS MS 64 RD 1944-S One Centavo DDO V2 (Allen 3.06aa)

The Allen catalog of U.S. Philippine Coins recognizes four Die Varieties for this date:
1) 1944-S (Allen 3.06) The normal coin for this date.
2)1944-S Double Die Obverse (Allen 3.06a). This Double Die Variety shows doubling at "STATES OF".
3) 1944-S Double Die Obverse Variety #2 (Allen 3.06aa). This Double Die Variety "shows doubling of the letters IPPINES on the scroll and the scroll itself as well as the letters of AMERICA most noticeable at the M and C".
4) 1944-S Incomplete 4 (Allen 3.06b). This fairly common variety has the "base of the last 4 missing at the left side".

Of the three die varieties the Double Die Variety #2 (Allen 3.06aa) is by far the scarcest and most difficult to find. This specimen is particularly interesting as in addition to doubling of the letters in STATES and AMERICA thr second 4 in the date appears to be triple punched.

I purchased this coin raw from "The Coin Den" in May 2008. Although I would have preferred to certify this coin years ago neither NGC or PCGS were recognizing Allen Die Varieties in 2008 and NGC only recently recognized Allen Die Varieties for the 1944-S One Centavo. I submitted this specimen to PCGS at the August 2014 ANA World's Fair of Money. Graded PCGS MS64nRed this specimen is the only PCGS certified example of this scarce die variety.

PCGS Population: 1/0
View Coin   United States BRASS (COPPER-ZINC) 1C 1944 S USA-PHIL Allen 3.06b KM-179 PCGS MS 67 RD The 1944 One Centavo uses the same obverse and reverse designs as the pre-war One Centavo but has a different wartime composition.

The pre-war One Centavo was a bronze alloy of 95% copper, and 5% zinc and tin. Both copper and tin are important strategic materials during wartime. In order to conserve tin the wartime composition of the One Centavo was changed to a brass alloy of 95% copper and 5% zinc. This is the same alloy the mint used for the production of U.S. wartime pennies dated 1944-1946. The mint produced this alloy by combining ingots of pure copper with salvaged 70% copper shell casings.

During the 1942 through 1944 Japanese occupation of the Philippines, nearly all coins disappeared from circulation. In the occupied areas the Japanese collected all of the coins, melted them down and shipped them back to Japan. The few pre-war coins that escaped the melting pots were hoarded and hid away until after the war. Most daily commerce was conducted with low denomination paper currency (Emergency or Guerilla Currency) printed by Guerrilla military units, local municipalities, or Military and Civilian Currency Boards authorized by General MacArthur or the Commonwealth government-in-exile under President Quezon.

During the Japanese occupation there was a very active resistance movement in the Philippines, and allied inteligence was very much aware, of the economic situation in the islands, and the need to bring new coins and currency with them when they liberated the Philippines.

In preparation for General MacArthurs return to the Philippines, the Treasury Department ordered the San Francisco Mints to strike millions of One Centavo coins. When American forces liberated the Philippines in 1944 - 1945 they brought with them Fifty Eight Million 1944-S One Centavo coins.

The PCGS population for the 1944-S One Centavo in MS67 Red is six coins with none graded higher. The combined PCGS/NGC certified population for this coin in MS67 Red is only 12 coins with none graded higher.

This FULL RED SUPERB GEM is a die variety with the base of the last 4 missing at the left side (Allen number 3.06b). The 2012 edition of the Allen guide book lists the highest certified grade for this die variety at MS66 making this coin unique in MS67 RED.
View Coin   United States COPPER-ZINC-NICKEL 5C 1944 S USA-PHIL KM-180a PCGS MS 67 Mint: San Francisco
Mint Mark: S
Obverse Designed: Melicio Figueroa
Mintage: 14,040,000
Composition: Copper (65%) - Zinc (23%) - Nickel (12%)
Weight: 4.9200g
Diameter: 19mm
Edge: Plain

The 1944 and 1945 Five Centavos use the same obverse and reverse designs as the pre-war Five Centavos but have a different Wartime composition.

The pre-war Five Centavos had a composition of Copper (75%) and Nickel (25%). Both Copper and Nickel are important strategic materials during wartime. Copper is needed for the production of shell casings and Nickel is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of armor plating for ships, tanks, etc. In order to conserve Copper and Nickel the wartime alloy of the Five Centavos was changed to Copper (65%), Zinc (23%), and Nickel (12%).

During the 1942 through 1944 Japanese occupation of the Philippines nearly all coins disappeared from circulation. In the occupied areas the Japanese collected all of the coins melted them down and shipped them back to Japan. The few pre-war coins that escaped the melting pots were horded and hid away until after the war. Most daily commerce was conducted with low denomination paper currency (Emergency or Guerilla Currency) printed by Guerrilla military units, local municipalities, or Military and Civilian Currency Boards authorized by General MacArthur or the Commonwealth government-in-exile under President Quezon.

During the Japanese occupation there was a very active resistance movement in the Philippines and allied inteligence was very much aware, of the economic situation in the islands, and the need to bring new coins and currency with them when they liberated the Philippines.

In preparation for General MacArthur's return to the Philippines the Treasury Department ordered the Philadelphia, and San Francisco Mints to strike millions of Five Centavos coins. The Philadelphia Mint struck 21,198,000 Five Centavos dated 1944. There is no Mint Mark on the coins struck at Philadelphia. The San Francisco Mint Struck 14,040,000 Five Centavos dated 1944 and 72,796,000 dated 1945. Coins struck at San Francisco have a S Mint Mark.

When American forces liberated the Philippines in 1944 - 1945 they brought with them the Wartime Alloy Victory Coins produced in the continental United States.

PCGS Population: 7/0
NGC Population: 0/0
Combined NGC/PCGS Population: 7/0

The 1944 and 1945 Five Centavos use the same obverse and reverse designs as the pre-war Five Centavos but have a different Wartime composition.

The pre-war Five Centavos had a composition of Copper (75%) and Nickel (25%). Both Copper and Nickel are important strategic materials during wartime. Copper is needed for the production of shell casings and Nickel is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of armor plating for ships, tanks, etc. In order to conserve Copper and Nickel the wartime alloy of the Five Centavos was changed to Copper (65%), Zinc (23%), and Nickel (12%).

During the 1942 through 1944 Japanese occupation of the Philippines nearly all coins disappeared from circulation. In the occupied areas the Japanese collected all of the coins melted them down and shipped them back to Japan. The few pre-war coins that escaped the melting pots were horded and hid away until after the war. Most daily commerce was conducted with low denomination paper currency (Emergency or Guerilla Currency) printed by Guerrilla military units, local municipalities, or Military and Civilian Currency Boards authorized by General MacArthur or the Commonwealth government-in-exile under President Quezon.

During the Japanese occupation there was a very active resistance movement in the Philippines and allied inteligence was very much aware, of the economic situation in the islands, and the need to bring new coins and currency with them when they liberated the Philippines.

In preparation for General MacArthur's return to the Philippines the Treasury Department ordered the Philadelphia, and San Francisco Mints to strike millions of Five Centavos coins. The Philadelphia Mint struck 21,198,000 Five Centavos dated 1944. There is no Mint Mark on the coins struck at Philadelphia. The San Francisco Mint Struck 14,040,000 Five Centavos dated 1944 and 72,796,000 dated 1945. Coins struck at San Francisco have a S Mint Mark.

When American forces liberated the Philippines in 1944 - 1945 they brought with them the Wartime Alloy Victory Coins produced in the continental United States.
View Coin   United States COPPER-ZINC-NICKEL 5C 1944 USA-PHIL KM-180a PCGS MS 65 Mint: Philadelphia
Mint Mark: None
Mintage: 21,198,000
Obverse Designer: Melicio Figueroa
Composition: Copper (65%) - Zinc (23%) - Nickel (12%)
Weight: 4.9200g
Diameter: 19mm
Edge: Plain

The 1944 and 1945 Five Centavos use the same obverse and reverse designs as the pre-war Five Centavos but have a different Wartime composition.

The pre-war Five Centavos had a composition of Copper (75%) and Nickel (25%). Both Copper and Nickel are important strategic materials during wartime. Copper is needed for the production of shell casings and Nickel is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of armor plating for ships, tanks, etc. In order to conserve Copper and Nickel the wartime alloy of the Five Centavos was changed to Copper (65%), Zinc (23%), and Nickel (12%).

During the 1942 through 1944 Japanese occupation of the Philippines nearly all coins disappeared from circulation. In the occupied areas the Japanese collected all of the coins melted them down and shipped them back to Japan. The few pre-war coins that escaped the melting pots were horded and hid away until after the war. Most daily commerce was conducted with low denomination paper currency (Emergency or Guerilla Currency) printed by Guerrilla military units, local municipalities, or Military and Civilian Currency Boards authorized by General MacArthur or the Commonwealth government-in-exile under President Quezon.

During the Japanese occupation there was a very active resistance movement in the Philippines and allied inteligence was very much aware, of the economic situation in the islands, and the need to bring new coins and currency with them when they liberated the Philippines.

In preparation for General MacArthur's return to the Philippines the Treasury Department ordered the Philadelphia, and San Francisco Mints to strike millions of Five Centavos coins. The Philadelphia Mint struck 21,198,000 Five Centavos dated 1944. There is no Mint Mark on the coins struck at Philadelphia. The San Francisco Mint Struck 14,040,000 Five Centavos dated 1944 and 72,796,000 dated 1945. Coins struck at San Francisco have a S Mint Mark.

When American forces liberated the Philippines in 1944 - 1945 they brought with them the Wartime Alloy Victory Coins produced in the continental United States.
View Coin   United States SILVER 10C 1944 D USA-PHIL KM-181 NGC MS 66 Mintage: 31,592,000
Catalog: KM-181
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 2.0000g
ASW: 0.0482oz
Diameter: 16.7mm
Edge: Reeded

NGC Population: 13/0
View Coin   United States SILVER 10C 1944 D/D USA-PHIL ALLEN-9.04a KM-181 NGC AU 58 Allen Catelog Number: 9.04a
View Coin   United States SILVER 20C 1944 D USA-PHIL NGC MS 66 750 Silver, 4.0 Grams, ASW .0964 oz, 20 mm.
Mintage: 31.592,000

NGC Population 18/10
View Coin   United States SILVER 20C 1944 D/D USA-PHIL ALLEN-12.04b NGC MS 64 1944 D/D Allen #12.04b, Combined NGC/PCGS Pop 2/1 (NGC Pop 2/1, PCGS Pop 1/0)

Mintage: 28,596,000
Catalog: KM-182
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 4.0000g
ASW: 0.0964oz
Melt Value: $2.80 (3/10/2013)
Diameter: 21mm
Edge: Reeded
View Coin   United States SILVER 20C 1944 D/S USA-PHIL ALLEN-12.04a KM-182 NGC MS 66 Mintage (all die varieties): 28,596,000
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 4.0000g
ASW: 0.0964oz
Diameter: 20 mm
Edge: Reeded

The Twenty Centavos of 1937 through 1945 was struck in the same size, weight, and silver fineness as the reduced size & weight Twenty Centavos of 1907 - 1929. The obverse used the same Melico Figueroa design that was used on the 1903 through 1929 Twenty Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945. Twenty Centavos were produced at the Manila Mint from 1937 through 1941, and at the Denver Mint in 1944 and 1945.

This specimen is a 1944 D/S (D over S Mint Mark) Allen Catalog Number 12.04a. The 1944 D over S Twenty Centavos is unique among USA/Philippine Die Varities in that it is the only time during the 43 year history of U.S./Philippine coinage that a mint mark was ever over-punched with the mint mark from a different mint. The combined NGC/PCGS certified population for this important die variety in MS66 as 11 coins with only 4 specimens graded higher. The NGC population for this coin in MS66 is 6 coins with only 4 specimens graded higher. This specimen is a fully struck, untoned SUPERB GEM.
View Coin   United States SILVER 50C 1944 S USA-PHIL KM-183 NGC MS 65 .750 Silver, 10.0 Grams, ASW .2411 oz., 27 mm
Mintage: 19,187.000
NGC Population 28/13
View Coin 1945 United States COPPER-ZINC-NICKEL 5C 1945/5 S USA-PHIL ALLEN-6.06a KM-180a NGC MS 64 Allen Catalog Number 6.06a1945/5-S Five Centavos Re-punched 5. The 6th Edition of the Allen Catalog lists a combined (NGC, PCGS, ANACS) certified population for this die variety as three coins. This is the only NGC certified example of this die variety.
View Coin   United States SILVER 10C 1945 D USA-PHIL KM-181 NGC MS 67 Mintage: 137,208,000
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 2.0000g
ASW: 0.0482oz
Diameter: 16.7mm
Edge: Reeded

NGC Population: 16/1
PCGS Population: 9/1
Combined NGC/PCGS Population 25/2
View Coin   United States SILVER 10C 1945 D/D USA-PHIL ALLEN-9.05a KM-181 NGC MS 66 Allen Catalog Number 9.05a
1945 D/D Ten Centavos
D over D Mint Mark

Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 2.0000g
ASW: 0.0482oz
Diameter: 16.7mm
Edge: Reeded

The Ten Centavos of 1937 through 1945 continued the same obverse design used on the 1903 through 1935 Ten Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945. Ten Centavos were made at the Manila Mint from 1937 through 1941, and at the Denver Mint in 1944 and 1945.

This Superb Gem is a NGC Top Pop coin with a population of only five specimens in this grade. The combined NGC/PCGS population for this die variety in MS66 is only six specimens with none graded higher.
View Coin   United States SILVER 10C 1945 D DDR USA-PHIL ALLEN-9.05b KM-181 NGC AU 55 Mintage: 137,208,000 (All Varieties)
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 2.0000g
ASW: 0.0482oz
Melt Value: $0.76 (3/16/2015)
Diameter: 16.7mm
Edge: Reeded

Allen Number 9.05b
Doubled Die Reverse Variety #1
NGC Population: 2/7

Bodly doubled UNITED, AMERICA, DATE and bottom tip of shield on the reverse (USA side). This coin is comperable to the U.S. doubled die 1955 Cent of which thousands are known to exist. This coin is much rarer with only 11 known pieces. The combined certified ANACS, PCGS, NGC population for this coin in all grades is only 9 coins. Allen estimates that no more than 35 or so examples could exist in any grade today.
View Coin   United States SILVER 20C 1945 D USA-PHIL KM-182 NGC MS 66 .750 Silver, 4.0 Grams, 20 mm.The Twenty Centavos of 1937 through 1945 continued the same obverse design used on the 1903 through 1929 Twenty Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945. Twenty Centavos were made at the Manila Mint from 1937 through 1941, and at the Denver Mint in 1944 and 1945.The 1945 D Twenty Centavos had a mintage of 82,804,000.

This specimen has brilliant rainbow toning and fantastic eye appeal. It is one of only four U.S. Philippine coins of any date or denomination to receive the coveted NGC STAR designation..
View Coin   United States SILVER 50C 1945 S USA-PHIL KM-183 NGC MS 67 Mintage: 18,120,000
NGC Population in MS67 STAR: 1/0
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.7500
Weight: 10.0000g
ASW: 0.2411oz
Diameter: 27.5mm
Edge: Reeded

The Fifty Centavos of 1944 and 1945 continued the same obverse design used on the 1903 through 1921 Fifty Centavos. The reverse used the Commonwealth Arms design which was common to the 1936 commemoratives and all Philippine coins from 1937 through 1945. Fifty Centavos were made at the San Francisco Mint in 1944 and 1945.
The 1945 S Fifty Centavos had a mintage of 18,120,000.

This spectacular fully brilliant, untoned, SUPERB GEM is the single finest NGC certified example of the war time Fifty Centavos. Although NGC has graded two 1944-S Fifty Centavos and twenty-one 1945-S Fifty Centavos as MS67 this specimen stands alone as the only coin of its type to receive the coveted NGC STAR designation for exceptional eye appeal.

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