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THE SPANISH MILLED DOLLAR

Category:  World Coins
Owner:  oldgoatsboats
Last Modified:  11/27/2012
Set Description
A collection containing an 8 Reales coin of each date, ruler and assayer during the period 1732 to 1771.

MEXICO CITY, VICEROYALTY OF NEW SPAIN
The first of the new minting machines to be installed overseas by the Imperial Spanish Government was appropriately sited in Mexico City, the seat of the Viceroy of New Spain since 1535, nine years before Blasco Nunez de Vela established his headquarters in Lima. The chief engraver from 1731 to 1760 was Francisco Monllor. He had responsibility to mint, in 1732, the first pillar coins in the five specified denominations (eight, four, two and one and half real pieces), closely following the pattern provided by Francisco Hernandez Escudero of the Segovia mint. This coin, which is still to be seen in the Mexican mint, bore a crowned M as mint mark, the regular sign of coins struck in Madrid from 1728 onwards. Naturally, this was replaced by the Mo symbol which had been used in Mexico City since the mints foundation in the reign of Philip II. No changes were made in the silver coinage until 1733, when for several months all five denominations used the letters MX in line without the "o" over the M. However, it was soon abandoned, and since then the Mo has continued in usage until the present day.

At this time the actual duration of reigns did not exactly coincide with the dates shown on the colonial coins as information frequently arrived too late to permit the dies to be changed. Philip V died on 8 June 1746, but his name and titles continued to appear on coins struck in early months of 1747. Ferdinand VI died on 19 August 1759, but many posthumous South American issues were dated 1760.

In 1754, Manuel Assorin took over from Francisco de la Pena y Flores as chief assayer. Fortuitously, his appointment coincided with the replacing of the royal crown topping the left pillar on the reverse by an imperial one, a move which was followed by Chile in 1760 and by Lima in 1769, but which Columbia, Guatemala and Potosi did not imitate.

No pillar coins were minted in Mexico City in 1772 apart from a minimal number of eight real pieces, whereas in Lima, the minting of all denominations continued throughout the year.

PILLAR DESCRIPTION
OBVERSE: Shield of Arms of Castile and León, flanked by assayer letter (ASSAYER(1732-1733)) and denomination numeral (8).


Obv.Latin Legend:* RULER. V. D . G . HISPAN . ET IND . REX *
Expanded: RULER DEI GRATIA HISPANIARUM ET INDIARUM REX
Translation: "RULER by the Grace of God, King of the Spains and the Indies".

Set Goals
To acquire a speciman of each 8 Reale Pillar coin minted in the Mexico City mint during the period 1732 through 1781.

Slot Name
Origin/Country
Item Description
Full Grade
Owner Comments
Pics
View Coin 1732-F Mexico 1732-47 .9170 Silver..7980 oz. ASW, 8R 1732 MEXICO SEA SALVAGE KM 103, GIL M-8-31 NGC A very rare coin with the reverse having been in contact with salt water while the obverse was sheltered.

The first of the new minting machines to be installed overseas by the Imperial Spanish Government was appropriately sited in Mexico City, the seat of the Viceroy of New Spain since 1535, nine years before Blasco Nunez de Vela established his headquarters in Lima. The chief engraver from 1731 to 1760 was Francisco Monllor. He had responsibility to mint, in 1732, the first pillar coins in the five specified denominations (eight, four, two, one and half real pieces), closely following the pattern provided by Francisco Hernandez Escudero of the Segovia mint. This coin, which is still to be seen in the Mexican mint, bore a crowned M as mint mark, the regular sign of coins struck in Madrid from 1728 onwards. Naturally, this was replaced by the Mo symbol which had been used in Mexico City since the mints foundation in the reign of Philip II. No changes were made in the silver coinage until 1733, when for several months all five denominations used the letters MX in line without the "o" over the M. However, it was soon abandoned, and since then the Mo has continued in usage until the present day.


DESCRIPTION
OBVERSE: Shield of Arms of Castile and León, flanked by assayer letter (F Filipe Rivas de Angulo (1732-1733)) and denomination numeral (8).

Obv.Latin Legend:* PHILIP . V. D . G . HISPAN . ET IND . REX *
Expanded: PHILIP V DEI GRATIA HISPANIARUM ET INDIARUM REX
Translation: "PHILIP V by the Grace of God, King of the Spains and the Indies".

REVERSE: Crowned hemispheres, set on Gibraltar, between crowned and banner-entwined Pillars of Hercules labeled "PLUS" and "ULTRA" (More Beyond).

Rev. Latin Legend: VTRAQUE VNUM * Mo * 1733 * Mo *
Translation: "Both are One" (the old and the new world).
















View Coin 1733-F MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1733MO F MILLED KM-103, GIL M-8-2 NGC AU Details
View Coin 1733(MX) F Mexico 8R 1733 MEXICO SEA SALVAGE KM 103, GIL M-8-2 NGC Two different dies were used in 1733 one with MX mint mark and one with Mo mint mark. There were also two different reverse crowns. A small size (12.5mm) wide and a large size (13.5mm) wide
View Coin 1733-MF, KLIPPE MEXICO - TO 1823 (1733-34) 0.9160 Silver, 8R 1733MO MF KLIPPE KM-48 EX: ROOSWIJK WRECK NGC XF Details .

After gaining experience as an assistant assayer during the 1720s, Captain Felipe Rivas Anglo served as the working assayer during the period when the mint began to change from the handstruck, cob-style coins to the new, machined pieces produced on a screw press. In accordance with the royal decree of 9 June 1728, screw press production began on 29 March 1732. In reality, the introduction of the new and unfamiliar technology at first slowed production so that it was necessary to continue minting cobs into 1733. As a result, the assayer's initial F not only appears in 1732 on cob pieces and the new style "pillar dollar" pieces, but also in 1733 on the series of silver coins known as "klippes". The word thought to derive from the Swedish verb meaning to clip or cut with shears," is widely used to describe money produced in emergency situations like sieges, when time or facilities were lacking for the production of round planchets. The Spanish term for such coins is recortados--items that have been cut or trimmed more than once. The word reflects the reality of the period at the Mexican mint. The klippes were generally too large and had to be trimmed around the edges to obtain the proper weight. They were produced like cobs to make up the continued shortfall in milled coins, and were the last coin issued with the traditional Bourbon shield.












































View Coin 1734-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1734MO MF MILLED KM 103, GIL M-8-6 NGC XF Details DESCRIPTION:
OBVERSE: Shield of Arms of Castile and León, flanked by assayer letters (MF) and denomination numeral (8).

Latin Legend:* PHILIP . V. D . G . HISPAN . ET IND . REX *
Expanded: PHILIP V DEI GRATIA HISPANIARUM ET INDIARUM REX

Translation: "PHILIP V by the Grace of God, King of the Spains and the Indies".

REVERSE: Crowned hemispheres, set on Gibraltar, between crowned and banner-entwined Pillars of Hercules labeled "PLUS" & "ULTRA" (More Beyond).

Latin Legend: VTRAQUE VNUM * Mo * 1734 * Mo *

Translation: "Both are One" (the old and the new world)






View Coin 1735-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 .9170 Silver..7980 oz. ASW, 8R 1735MO MF KM-103, GIL M-8-7 NGC XF 45 DESCRIPTION:
OBVERSE: Shield of Arms of Castile and León, flanked by assayer letters (MF) and denomination numeral (8).
Obv. Latin Legend:* PHILIP . V. D . G . HISPAN . ET IND . REX *
Expanded: PHILIP V DEI GRATIA HISPANIARUM ET INDIARUM REX

Translation: "PHILIP V by the Grace of God, King of the Spains and the Indies".
1736M-F (Small Planchet) MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1736MO MF SMALL PLANCHET KM 103, GIL M-8-8
View Coin 1736-MF Mexico 1732-1771 8R 1736 MEXICO REPAIRED KM 103, GIL M-8-8 NGC
View Coin 1737-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1737MO MF KM 103, GIL M-8-9 NGC AU Details
View Coin 1738-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1738MO MF KM 103, GIL M-8-10 NGC XF Details A small chop between the 7 and the 3 in the date.
View Coin 1739-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1739MO MF KM 103, GIL 8-M-11 NGC XF 40
View Coin 1740-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1740MO MF KM 103, GIL M-8-12 NGC XF Details
View Coin 1741-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1741MO MF KM 103, GIL M-8-13 NGC AU Details
View Coin 1742-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1742MO MF KM 103, GIL M-8-14 NGC XF Details
View Coin 1743/2MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1743/2MO MF KM 103, GIL M-8-15a NGC XF 45
View Coin 1744-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1744MO MF KM 103, GIL M-8-16 NGC XF 40
View Coin 1746-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1746MO MF KM 103, GIL M-8-18 NGC XF 45
View Coin 1747-MF (PHILIP V) MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1747MO MF PHILIP V KM 103, GIL M-8-19 NGC XF Details
View Coin 1747-MF (FREDINAND VI) MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1747MO MF FERDINAND VI KM 104.1, GIL M-8-20 NGC XF Details
174-8MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1748MO MF KM104.1, GIL M-8-21
View Coin 1749-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1749MO MF KM 104.1, GIL M-8-22 NGC VF Details
View Coin 1750-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1750MO MF KM 104.1, GIL M-8-23 PATRICK TAN COLLECTION NGC AU 58
View Coin 1751MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1751MO MF KM 104.1, GIL M-8-24 NGC XF Details
View Coin 1752MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1752MO MF KM 104.1, GIL M-8-25 NGC AU 53
View Coin 1753/2MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1753/2MO MF KM 104.1, GIL M-8-26a NGC XF 45
View Coin 1753-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1753MO MF KM 104.1, GIL M-8-26 NGC XF 45
View Coin 1754-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1754MO MF KM-104.1 GIL M-8-27 NGC XF 45
1754-MM/MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1754MO MM/MF KM-104.1 GIL M-8-30b Very rare coin
View Coin 1755-MM (Imperial crown on left.) MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1755MO MM KM 104.2, GIL M-8-31 NGC XF Details
View Coin 1756-MM MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1756MO MM KM 104.2, GIL M-8-32 NGC XF Details
View Coin 1756-MM/5 MEXICO - TO 1823 0,9170 Silve..7980 oz.ASW. 8R 1756/5MO MM KM 104.2 , GIL M-8-32a NGC XF Details
View Coin 1757-MM (Remodled Imp. Crown) MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1757MO MM Remodled Imperial Crown Left KM 104.2, Gil M-8-33b NGC XF Details The imperial crown on the left pillar, introduced in 1754, was remodeled in 1757 and used until 1760.
View Coin 1758-MM MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1758MO MM KM 104.2, GIL M-8-34 NGC AU 53
1759-MM XF45 (I own this coin. It's PCGS certified.) MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1759MO MM KM 104.2, GIL M-8-35 This is a PCGS coin # 670012.45/19829825
View Coin 1760-MM (FERDIN VI) MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1760MO MM FERDINAND VI KM 104.2, GIL M-8-36 NGC VF Details
View Coin 1760-MM (CHARLES III) MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1760MO MM CHARLES III KM 105, GIL M-3-37 NGC XF Details
1761-MM (I+) Tip of cross under I.(WANT) MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1761MO MM KM 105 GIL M-8-39
View Coin 1761-MM (H+I) Tip of cross between H and I. MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1761MO MM KM 105, GIL M-8-38 NGC XF 40
View Coin 1761-MM (I+S) Tip of cross between I and S. MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1761MO MM KM 105, GIL M-8-39 NGC AU Details
View Coin 1762-MF (H+I) Tip of cross between H and I. MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1762MO MF KM105, GILM-8-62 NGC VF Details
View Coin 1763/5MF (6 over 5)not cataloged by KM. Gilboy #M-8-42b. MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1763MO MF Mo 6 over 5 KM 105, GIL M-8-42b NGC MS 62
View Coin 1763-MM MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1763MO MM KM105, GIL M-8-43 NGC XF Details Very rare coin.
View Coin 1746-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1764MO MF KM 105, GIL M-8-44 NGC XF Details
View Coin 1765-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 MEXICO City 8R 1765MO MF Mo Lower Arc, Central Reverse Crown. KM 105, GIL M-8-45b NGC AU 58
View Coin 1766-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1766MO MF KM 105, GIL M-8-46 NGC AU Details
View Coin 1767-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1767MO MF KM 105, GIL M-8-45 NGC XF Details
View Coin 1768-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1768MO MF KM 105, GIL M-8-48 NGC XF Details
View Coin 1769-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1769MO MF KM 105, GIL M-8-49 NGC XF 45
View Coin 1770-MF MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1770MO MF LM 105, GIL M-8-50 NGC XF Details
View Coin 1770-FM MEXICO - TO 1823 8R 1770MO FM KM 105, GIL M-8-51 NGC AU 50
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