The Mint of the Philippine Islands (1920-1941)
1920 - Culion Peso

Obverse:

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Reverse:

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Coin Details

Origin/Country: United States
Design Description: PHILIPPINES UNDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY
Item Description: PESO 1920 USA-PHIL CULION LEPER COLONY KM-15
Full Grade: NGC XF Details
Owner: coin928

Owner Comments:

KM-15 - Culion Leper Colony 1920 One Peso - Mintage:4,000
Struck in Aluminum with a diameter of 35.4mm.
McFadden #: 761 (Type I)
Basso #: 233
Shafer #: SL-9

This coin is part of the second series of coins issued for use in the Culion Leper Colony and among the first to be minted at the then new U.S. branch mint in Manila. Like all of the regular issue coins issued by the Manila mint in 1920, they carry no mint mark. The design is essentially the same as that of the first series issued in 1913 by the private firm of Frank & Company in Manila. The obverse is composed of the denomination surrounded by the text "CULION LEPER COLONY" above and "PHILIPPINE ISLANDS" below. The reverse consists of a rather crude rendering of a Caduceus as the central element surrounded by the words "BUREAU OF HEALTH," two separating stars and the date. All of the reference sources (except McFadden) designate the obverse and reverse this way, but NGC places the reverse facing the front of the holder. I personally prefer the NGC designation, but will go with the majority of reference books for consistency. Like the first series, these coins were also minted in Aluminum, with the same diameter.

This particular coin is a nice, albeit cleaned example of this desirable date. Notice also that there is a 45 degree die rotation.

There are three varieties of this issue:
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• Type I - Pointed serif on 1, (narrow numerals) "P" in PESO over third "P" in PHILIPPINES. Far to stars. (McFadden #: 761)
• Type I(a) - Blunt serif on 1, (rounder numerals) "P" in PESO over third "P" in PHILIPPINES. Far to stars. (not identified by McFadden, but listed by Krause as a variation of KM-15)
• Type II - Pointed serif on 1, (narrow numerals) "P" in PESO over third "I" in PHILIPPINES. Near to stars. (McFadden #: 762)

Date acquired: 10/14/2013 (raw coin)
Date graded: 1/27/2014 (self submitted to NGC)

References:
• "United States Territorial Coinage for the Philippine Islands" by Neil Shafer, Whitman Publishing Company Racine, Wisconsin, 1961: 41-45
• "Coins, Medals and Tokens of the Philippines 1728-1974" by Aldo P. Basso, second edition Bookman Printing House, Quezon City, 1975: 76-80
• "The Numismatic Aspects of Leprosy" by R.R. McFadden, J. Grost, and D.F. Marr, D.C. McDonald Associates, Inc., 1993: 58-69
• "Standard Catalog of World Coins" by Krause & Mischler (Identifies coins by their "KM" numbers 1-18 and A5.)

Rev. 12/24/2015

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