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THE UNITED STATES OF BELGIUM

Category:  World Coins
Owner:  Wim2000
Last Modified:  1/4/2021
Set Description
HISTORY
In 1789 the French revolted against an aristocratic regime build on oppression. In the southern Netherlands exactly the opposite happened, the enlightened Austrian Emperor wanted to introduce improvements and changes but the people were used to servitude and didn’t see any improvement in the policies.

Driven by aristocrats and clergy the unrest started in 1787 culminating in the revolt of 1789, The Brabant Revolution. A Sovereign Congress was formed and with the act of January 11 1790 the United States of Belgium was declared a confederated nation. After the revolt in LIEGE (Luik) it formed an alliance with the union but never became part of it. Because of internal struggle the Austrians managed to reclaim the Austrian Netherlands by the end of that same year but the idea of a free Belgium was born and thus the revolt had long-lasting repercussions.

Memberstates:
- BRABANT (Brabant)
- GELRE (Gelderland)
- FLANDERS (Vlaanderen)
- WEST-FLANDERS (West Vlaanderen)
- HAINAUT (Henegouwen)
- NAMUR (Namen)
- TOURNAI (Doornik)
- TOURNAISIS (Tournesis, Doornikse)
- MALINES (Mechelen)
- LIMBURG was only temorarily a member of the union
- LUXEMBOURG was never actually a member as it remained under Austrian control but it’s shield was used on the coins nevertheless.

COINS
All the coins were designed by the renowned Theodore Van Berckel, engraver at the Brussels Mint. Coinage was started soon after the signing of the act, starting with copper coins with a reverse that closely resembled the Austrian coins. The obverse showed a lion with a spear and liberty cap, taken from a coin design from the 16th century. The Liard and Double Liard coins exist in two varieties, a small and a large 0 in the date.

The 15th of July coinage begun on the silver coins. During the striking of the 10 Sols and 1 Florin the text was changed, the reverse was “IN VNIONE SALVS” (in union for health/strength/salvation.) but in classic latin “UNIO” also translates to some sort of onion thus making it ridiculous. The text was changed and the 2nd type coins have the text “DOMINI EST REGNVM/ ET IPSE DOMINABITVR GENTIVM” (The Lord is king/ and He Himself rules the nations). The reverse has at its center a bundle of 11 arrows representing the 11 provinces behind two hands shaking. The 10 Sols of the first type exists in two varieties, with a small and a large X. The second type only exists with a large X.

Coins of 3 and 14 Florin were also struck in silver and gold both with the same design. The 3 Florin coin is actually a 3 ½ Brabantian Florin but is never referred to in that way. The obverse shows a lion standing right, sword held high, shield with LIBERTAS (Freedom) and the reverse shows a circle of shields of the 11 memberstates. The text of the 2nd type of the 10 Sols/1Florin coins was reused. The 3 Florin exists in two varieties, a straight and a slanted 9 in the date.

A lot of the coins were melted when the Austrians returned. These coins are by many considered to be the most beautiful struck during that time in West Europe.

Set Goals
A full series comprises of twelve coins:
- Liard (Small 0 in date)
- Liard (Large 0 in date)
- Double Liard (Small 0 in date)
- Double Liard (large 0 in date)
- 10 Sols (type 1) (Small X)
- 10 Sols (type 1) (Large X)
- 10 Sols (type 2)
- 1 Florin (type 1)
- 1 Florin (type 2)
- 3 Florin (Straight 9 in date)
- 3 Florin (Slanted 9 in date) - missing in collection
- 14 Florin

Slot Name
Origin/Country
Item Description
Full Grade
Owner Comments
Pics
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN LIARD 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION NGC MS 62 BN Liard KM44 (Small 0 in date)

Obv. Brabant lion standing right, lance with hat on top.

Rev. text AD USUM FŒDERATI BELGII (For use in the United States of Belgium), Date 1790 and angelhead mintmark for Brussels

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 407177 (differs by source)

Edge: Plain Edge


(Ex. Frühwald auction 121 8/2016, lot 1492 ungraded)
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN LIARD 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION NGC MS 64 RB Liard KM44 (Large 0 in date)

Obv. Brabant lion standing right, lance with hat on top.

Rev. text AD USUM FŒDERATI BELGII (For use in the United States of Belgium), Date 1790 and angelhead mintmark for Brussels

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 407177 (differs by source)

Edge: Plain Edge


(Ex. Dealer 11/2017, ungraded)
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN 2L 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION KM-45 NGC MS 65 RB 2 Liard KM45 (Small 0 in date)

Obv. Brabant lion standing right, lance with hat on top.

Rev. text AD USUM FŒDERATI BELGII (For use in the United States of Belgium), Date 1790 and angelhead mintmark for Brussels within laurel wreath. Small 0 in date variety.

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 720148 (differs by source)

Edge: Plain Edge

(Ex. HD Rauch 15th live e-auction 6/2014, lot 2077 ungraded)
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN 2L 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION NGC MS 65 BN 2 Liard KM45 (Large 0 in date)

Obv. Brabant lion standing right, lance with hat on top.

Rev. text AD USUM FŒDERATI BELGII (For use in the United States of Belgium), Date 1790 and angelhead mintmark for Brussels within laurel wreath. Large 0 in date variety.

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 720148 (differs by source)

Edge: Plain Edge


(Ex. WAG online auction 40 6/2014, lot 1163 ungraded)
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN 10S 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION "IN VNIONE SALVS" NGC MS 63 10 Sols (1st type) KM46 (Small X)

Obv. Brabant lion standing right, MON NOV ARG PROV FOED BELG , Date 1790
(Currency New Money Provincial Federated Belgium.) Angel head mintmark for Brussels.

Rev. Two hands shaking, arrows behind, IN VNIONE SALVS
(in union for health/strength/salvation.)
The bundle of 11 arrows representing 11 provinces: Flanders, West Flanders, Gelre, Brabant, Hainaut, Tournai, Tournaisis, Namur, Luxembourg, Limburg, and Mechelen. (Luxembourg was never a member and Limburg for a short while). X SOLS meaning value of 10 sols with a small X.

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 53111 (differs by source)

Edge: Twisted Edge

(Ex. dealer 5/2014 ungraded)
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN 10S 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION "IN VNIONE SALVS" NGC MS 63 10 Sols (1st type) KM46 (Large X)

Obv. Brabant lion standing right, MON NOV ARG PROV FOED BELG , Date 1790
(Currency New Money Provincial Federated Belgium.) Angel head mintmark for Brussels.

Rev. Two hands shaking, arrows behind, IN VNIONE SALVS
(in union for health/strength/salvation.)
The bundle of 11 arrows representing 11 provinces: Flanders, West Flanders, Gelre, Brabant, Hainaut, Tournai, Tournaisis, Namur, Luxembourg, Limburg, and Mechelen. (Luxembourg was never a member and Limburg for a short while). X SOLS meaning value of 10 sols with a large X.

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 53111 (differs by source)

Edge: Twisted Edge

(Ex. dealer 1/2021 graded)
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN 10S 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION "ET IPSE DOMIN..." NGC MS 62 10 Sols (2nd type) KM47

Obv. Brabant lion standing right, DOMINI EST REGNVM, Date 1790
(The Lord is king).

Rev. Two hands shaking, arrows behind, ET IPSE DOMINABITUR GENTIUM
(and He Himself rules the nations.)
The bundle of 11 arrows representing 11 provinces: Flanders, West Flanders, Gelre, Brabant, Hainaut, Tournai, Tournaisis, Namur, Luxembourg, Limburg, and Mechelen. (Luxembourg was never a member and Limburg for a short while). X SOLS meaning value of 10 sols. Angel head mintmark for Brussels.

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 23311 (differs by source)

Edge: Twisted Edge

(Ex. dealer 5/2014 ungraded)
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN FLORIN 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION "DOMINI EST REGNVM" PCGS MS 64 1 Florin (1st type) KM48 (mislabeled as KM49 by PCGS)

Obv. Brabant lion standing right, MON NOV ARG PROV FOED BELG , Date 1790
(Currency New Money Provincial Federated Belgium.). Angel head mintmark for Brussels.

Rev. Two hands shaking, arrows behind, IN VNIONE SALVS
(in union for health/strength/salvation.)
The bundle of 11 arrows representing 11 provinces: Flanders, West Flanders, Gelre, Brabant, Hainaut, Tournai, Tournaisis, Namur, Luxembourg, Limburg, and Mechelen. (Luxembourg was never a member and Limburg for a short while). I FLOR meaning value of 1 Florin.

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 34815 (differs by source)

Edge: Twisted Edge

(Goldberg auction sale 69 5/2012, lot 4505 graded)
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN FLORIN 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION "DOMINI EST REGNVM" NGC MS 63 1 Florin (2nd type) KM49

Obv. Brabant lion standing right, DOMINI EST REGNVM, Date 1790
(The Lord is king).

Rev. Two hands shaking, arrows behind, ET IPSE DOMINABITUR GENTIUM
(and He Himself rules the nations.)
The bundle of 11 arrows representing 11 provinces: Flanders, West Flanders, Gelre, Brabant, Hainaut, Tournai, Tournaisis, Namur, Luxembourg, Limburg, and Mechelen. (Luxembourg was never a member and Limburg for a short while). I FLOR meaning value of 1 Florin. Angel head mintmark for Brussels.

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 25000 (differs by source)

Edge: Twisted Edge

(Ex. dealer 4/2014 ungraded)
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN 3F 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION DAV-1285 NGC AU 58 3 Florin KM50 (Straight 9 in date)

(actually 3 ½ Brabantian Florin)

Obv. Lion standing right, sword held high, shield with LIBERTAS (Freedom), Date 1790, straight 9 (also exists with slanted 9), text DOMINI EST REGNVM (The Lord is king)

Rev. Circle of shields of the 11 provinces: Flanders, West Flanders, Gelre, Brabant, Hainaut, Tournai, Tournaisis, Namur, Luxembourg, Limburg, and Mechelen. (Luxembourg was never a member and Limburg for a short while), text ET IPSE DOMINABITUR GENTIUM ( and He Himself rules the nations). Angel head mintmark for Brussels.

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 44520 (differs by source)

Edge: Plain with subscription QVID FORTIVS LEONE (What is stronger than a lion)

(Ex. Ebay auction 6/2012 ungraded)
  NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN 3F 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION DAV-1285 3 Florin KM50 (Slanted 9 in date)

(actually 3 ½ Brabantian Florin)
View Coin   NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN 14F 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION GOLD PCGS MS 62 14 Florin KM51

Obv. Lion standing right, sword held high, shield with LIBERTAS (Freedom), Date 1790, text DOMINI EST REGNVM (The Lord is king)

Rev. Circle of shields of the 11 provinces: Flanders, West Flanders, Gelre, Brabant, Hainaut, Tournai, Tournaisis, Namur, Luxembourg, Limburg, and Mechelen. (Luxembourg was never a member and Limburg for a short while), text ET IPSE DOMINABITUR GENTIUM ( and He Himself rules the nations). Angel head mintmark for Brussels.

Designed by: Th. van Berckel

Mintage: 3805 (differs by source)

Edge: Twisted edge

(Ex. Heritage 2019 January 6 - 7 NYINC World Coins Signature Auction - New York #3071, LOT #34137, 1/2019)
  NETHERLANDS - AUSTRIAN 3F 1790 AUSTRIA INSURRECTION DAV-1285 Original Print of the full series that should have been minted, showing not minted 10 Liards, 5 Sols, Half silver lions

The 14 Florin is left out.

(Ex. Ebay auction 12/2013)

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