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CYPRUS, 1974 ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS III SET ( Silver 3 Pounds, 6 Pounds & 12 Pounds) MINT STATE.

Category: Cyprus
Set Type: 1974 Archbishop Makarios III Set - Silver 3 Pounds, 6 Pounds & 12 Pounds
Owner: TMS Coins
Last Modified: 3/23/2019
Views: 1465

Rank: 3
Score: 1416
Leading by: 468
Points to Higher Rank: 43
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Set Description:


Cyprus, an independent Republic since 1960, is an island situated in the north-eastern corner of the Mediterranean. With an area of 3,572 square miles, it is the third largest island in the Mediterranean and has a population of over 800,000 of whom the 80% are Greeks and 20% Turks.
Should there be any wonder why Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty, made her home on this island? As Homer affirms in the Odyssey, " laughter-loving Aphrodite went to Cyprus where is her realm and fragrant altar ".

Cyprus had an ancient civilization, and a coinage, emulating that of the ancient Greek world, made its appearance back in 568 B.C. Because of its strategic position and wealth Cyprus was coveted by all those countries who wanted to exercise power in the Eastern Mediterranean. Throughout its long history, Cyprus formed part of the Empires of Assyria, Egypt, Persia, Rome and Byzantium. In 1193 A.D. Cyprus became part of the Frankish Kingdom of the Lusignans who ruled the Island until 1489 when it was passed over to Venice as a dependency. In 1571 Cyprus was conquered by the Turks who finally handed it over to England in 1878. The British rule lasted until 1960 when Cyprus became an Independent Republic.

Archbishop Makarios III became the first President of the Republic of Cyprus in 1960, and was well known as been one of the great leaders of the 20th century.

The three issues of this set, correspond to 3 Pounds, 6 Pounds and 12 Pounds.
The obverse shows the bust of the Archbishop facing left and wearing clerical heed-dress dignitary's veil.
The reverse shows the Bicephalous (double-headed) eagle, emblem of the Byzantine Emperors adopted by the Church of Cyprus.
Both the obverse and reverse designs are the work of the Greek sculptor Basil Phalireas.

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